Medical News Today daily newsletter - 19 March 2014

Dear kostik,

Welcome to today's Medical News Today newsletter, containing the most recent headlines from your chosen news categories.

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** ALCOHOL / ADDICTION / ILLEGAL DRUGS News **

Teen gang membership can harm adult years
http://mnt.to/l/4mdk
Former gang membership during teenage years has significant negative effects in adulthood beyond criminal behavior, with implications for public health, say researchers.

----------------------------------------------
** ALLERGY News **

Some lots of Simply Lite brand dark chocolate recalled
http://mnt.to/l/4mcT
Testing reveals significant amounts of milk protein, potentially putting those with milk allergy at risk.Fast FactsThe U.S.

----------------------------------------------
** ALZHEIMER'S / DEMENTIA News **

Older women 'twice as likely to develop Alzheimer's than breast cancer'
http://mnt.to/l/4mdz
An Alzheimer's Association report finds that women in their 60s are twice as likely to develop Alzheimer's than breast cancer, and have a much higher risk for the disease than men.

European research project aims at early diagnosis of memory disorders
http://mnt.to/l/4md9
The PredictND project, started by European research organisations, aims at developing and validating new procedures for the earlier diagnosis of memory disorders and for detecting individuals at...

Scientists slow development of cell-killing plaques in Alzheimer's disease
http://mnt.to/l/4mcz
University of Michigan researchers have learned how to fix a cellular structure called the Golgi that mysteriously becomes fragmented in all Alzheimer's patients and appears to be a major cause...

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** ANXIETY / STRESS News **

Smartphone app reduces stress for anxious people
http://mnt.to/l/4mdj
Study suggests turning a scientifically supported psychological intervention into a smartphone app offers a promising new way to help people with high levels of anxiety.

PTSD: Suppressing unwanted memories reduces their unconscious influence on behavior
http://mnt.to/l/4mcW
Researchers part-funded by the Medical Research Council (MRC) have shown that, contrary to what was previously assumed, suppressing unwanted memories reduces their unconscious influences on...

----------------------------------------------
** ARTHRITIS / RHEUMATOLOGY News **

Study of immune response could lead to development of new pharmacological strategies to treat chronic inflammatory diseases
http://mnt.to/l/4mcn
A team of biologists and engineers at the University of California, San Diego has discovered that white blood cells, which repair damaged tissue as part of the body's immune response, move to...

----------------------------------------------
** BLOOD / HEMATOLOGY News **

More women experience cardiac arrest during childbirth than is reported
http://mnt.to/l/4mdd
According to new research, incidence of cardiac arrest during childbirth may be seriously under-reported, but so is the percentage of women who survive this rare event.

Using age to distinguish normal from abnormal blood test results appears to safely exclude lung blood clots in older patients
http://mnt.to/l/4mcR
Using a patient's age to raise the threshold for an abnormal result of a blood test used to assess patients with a suspected pulmonary embolism (blood clot in lungs) appeared to be safe and led...

First guidelines for patients with pulmonary hypertension in sickle cell disease
http://mnt.to/l/4mcN
Boston Medical Center (BMC) and Boston University School of Medicine (BUSM) physicians have helped create the first set of clinical guidelines for treating patients with pulmonary hypertension...

----------------------------------------------
** BREAST CANCER News **

Radiotherapy after mastectomy benefits women with breast cancer that has spread to just a few lymph nodes
http://mnt.to/l/4md2
Women whose breast cancer has spread to just a few lymph nodes under their arm are less likely to have their disease recur or to die from it if they have radiotherapy after mastectomy, according...

----------------------------------------------
** CANCER / ONCOLOGY News **

Dietary restriction and extended lifespan
http://mnt.to/l/4md4
A new evolutionary theory in BioEssays claims that consuming a diet very low in nutrients can extend lifespan in laboratory animals, a finding which could hold clues to promoting healthier...

Simple blood test could one day detect early stomach cancer
http://mnt.to/l/4mcY
University of Adelaide research has provided new hope for the early detection of stomach cancer with the identification of four new biomarkers in the blood of human cancer patients.

Health gap between adult survivors of childhood cancer and siblings widens with age
http://mnt.to/l/4mcS
Adult survivors of childhood cancer face significant health problems as they age and are five times more likely than their siblings to develop new cancers, heart and other serious health...

Immunology researchers uncover pathways that direct immune system to turn 'on' or 'off'
http://mnt.to/l/4mcJ
A key discovery explaining how components of the immune system determine whether to activate or to suppress the immune system, made by Kelvin Lee, MD, Professor of Oncology and Co-Leader of the...

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** CARDIOVASCULAR / CARDIOLOGY News **

Gut bacteria play a role in why dark chocolate is so good for you
http://mnt.to/l/4mdS
A delicious new finding has come from researchers: bacteria in our gut eat dark chocolate and produce anti-inflammatory compounds that are beneficial for the heart.

Improving quality, safety for percutaneous coronary interventions performed without on-site backup
http://mnt.to/l/4mcw
The increasing number of percutaneous coronary interventions (PCIs) being performed at low-volume centers without on-site cardiac surgery backup has driven the need for new safety and quality...

The soluble fiber in oats helps lower total and LDL cholesterol but the cardiovascular health benefits of oats goes beyond fiber
http://mnt.to/l/4mcp
Eleven top scientists from around the globe presented the latest findings on the powerful compounds found in oats in a scientific session titled, Physicochemical Properties and Biological...

----------------------------------------------
** CHOLESTEROL News **

The soluble fiber in oats helps lower total and LDL cholesterol but the cardiovascular health benefits of oats goes beyond fiber
http://mnt.to/l/4mcp
Eleven top scientists from around the globe presented the latest findings on the powerful compounds found in oats in a scientific session titled, Physicochemical Properties and Biological...

----------------------------------------------
** COLORECTAL CANCER News **

Colonoscopy leads to huge reduction in colon cancer incidence in older Americans
http://mnt.to/l/4mcC
Colon cancer incidence rates have dropped 30 percent in the U.S. in the last 10 years among adults 50 and older due to the widespread uptake of colonoscopy, with the largest decrease in people...

Engineered bacteria sense, remember, and report on their experience in the gut
http://mnt.to/l/4mcr
It's a jungle in there. In the tightly woven ecosystem of the human gut, trillions of bacteria compete with each other on a daily basis while they sense and react to signals from the immune...

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** CONFERENCES News **

3rd Annual Orphan Drugs Congress, 21 - 22 May 2014, Barcelona
http://mnt.to/l/4mdX
Fleming Europe giving hope to DMD patients"FEW months following Misko's birth in January 2007, a blood test revealed that his liver enzymes were elevated but his parents did not consider it...

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** DIABETES News **

Study of immune response could lead to development of new pharmacological strategies to treat chronic inflammatory diseases
http://mnt.to/l/4mcn
A team of biologists and engineers at the University of California, San Diego has discovered that white blood cells, which repair damaged tissue as part of the body's immune response, move to...

Diabetes detection based on the science of deer hunting
http://mnt.to/l/4mcj
Body odor is a deer hunter's worst enemy, an alert to animals that an ominous presence is lurking, but the science behind suppressing it to give hunters an edge oddly enough could help...

Sweetener from tequila plant may be ideal for diabetics - helps reduce blood sugar, weight
http://mnt.to/l/4mbD
A sweetener created from the plant used to make tequila could lower blood glucose levels for the 26 million Americans and others worldwide who have type 2 diabetes and help them and the obese...

----------------------------------------------
** ENDOCRINOLOGY News **

Most men with early prostate cancer do not benefit from primary androgen deprivation therapy
http://mnt.to/l/4mcq
A study of more than 15,000 men with early stage prostate cancer finds that those who received androgen deprivation as their primary treatment instead of surgery or radiation did not live any...

Hope for safer, greener alternative to BPA
http://mnt.to/l/4mbG
A waste product from making paper could yield a safer, greener alternative to the potentially harmful chemical BPA, now banned from baby bottles but still used in many plastics.

----------------------------------------------
** EYE HEALTH / BLINDNESS News **

NHS sight tests include unevaluated screening examinations that lead to waste
http://mnt.to/l/4mb2
On bmj.com, a leading eye doctor says that opticians are making too many referrals to doctors.

----------------------------------------------
** FERTILITY News **

MicroRNAs target 'jumping genes' in reproductive cells, protecting against genomic damage
http://mnt.to/l/4mcg
Reproductive cells, such as an egg and sperm, join to form stem cells that can mature into any tissue type. But how do reproductive cells arise?

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** FLU / COLD / SARS News **

Tamiflu® reduces risk of death by 25% in adults hospitalised with H1N1 pandemic influenza
http://mnt.to/l/4mcB
Adults hospitalised with H1N1 influenza during the 2009-2010 pandemic were 25% less likely to die from the disease if they were given antiviral drugs called neuraminidase inhibitors (NAIs) such...

----------------------------------------------
** GASTROINTESTINAL / GASTROENTEROLOGY News **

Gut bacteria play a role in why dark chocolate is so good for you
http://mnt.to/l/4mdS
A delicious new finding has come from researchers: bacteria in our gut eat dark chocolate and produce anti-inflammatory compounds that are beneficial for the heart.

Simple blood test could one day detect early stomach cancer
http://mnt.to/l/4mcY
University of Adelaide research has provided new hope for the early detection of stomach cancer with the identification of four new biomarkers in the blood of human cancer patients.

Engineered bacteria sense, remember, and report on their experience in the gut
http://mnt.to/l/4mcr
It's a jungle in there. In the tightly woven ecosystem of the human gut, trillions of bacteria compete with each other on a daily basis while they sense and react to signals from the immune...

----------------------------------------------
** GENETICS News **

A novel mechanism for fast regulation of gene expression
http://mnt.to/l/4md8
Our genome, we are taught, operates by sending instructions for the manufacture of proteins from DNA in the nucleus of the cell to the protein-synthesizing machinery in the cytoplasm.

Genetic predispositions make fans of fried food 'more likely to be obese'
http://mnt.to/l/4mcV
A new study suggests that people with certain genetic variants who regularly eat fried food are more likely to become obese than fans of fried food who do not have these genes.

Sequencing reveals genetic diversity in hospital-acquired bacterium
http://mnt.to/l/4mcm
Using genome sequencing, National Institutes of Health (NIH) scientists and their colleagues have tracked the evolution of the antibiotic-resistant bacterium Klebsiella pneumoniae sequence type...

MicroRNAs target 'jumping genes' in reproductive cells, protecting against genomic damage
http://mnt.to/l/4mcg
Reproductive cells, such as an egg and sperm, join to form stem cells that can mature into any tissue type. But how do reproductive cells arise?

----------------------------------------------
** HEARING / DEAFNESS News **

Just a fifth of people with hearing problems wear a hearing aid
http://mnt.to/l/4mdc
The study, published in the journal Ear and Hearing, looked at the habits of 160,000 people in the UK aged 40 to 69 years. It found 10.

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** HEART DISEASE News **

More women experience cardiac arrest during childbirth than is reported
http://mnt.to/l/4mdd
According to new research, incidence of cardiac arrest during childbirth may be seriously under-reported, but so is the percentage of women who survive this rare event.

Improving quality, safety for percutaneous coronary interventions performed without on-site backup
http://mnt.to/l/4mcw
The increasing number of percutaneous coronary interventions (PCIs) being performed at low-volume centers without on-site cardiac surgery backup has driven the need for new safety and quality...

----------------------------------------------
** HIV / AIDS News **

Almost half of Americans believe in medical conspiracy theories
http://mnt.to/l/4mdG
Nearly half of Americans believe in conspiracy theories, and many take care of their own health differently to people who do not believe in these ideas, according to a new study.

Research on the protein gp41 could help towards designing future vaccinations against HIV
http://mnt.to/l/4md3
Researchers from the University of Granada have discovered, for the first time, an allosteric interaction (that is, a regulation mechanism whereby enzymes can be activated or de-activated)...

Despite antiretroviral therapy, hepatitis C remains major problem for HIV patients
http://mnt.to/l/4mcv
A new study led by researchers at the Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania has found that the risk of hepatitis C-associated serious liver disease persists in HIV...

----------------------------------------------
** HYPERTENSION News **

Biomarkers provide potential for improved understanding of preeclampsia
http://mnt.to/l/4mcs
Identifying biomarkers could lead to earlier detection of preeclampsia, which in turn can lead to healthier mothers and children, according to a collaborative study from the Centre of Molecular...

----------------------------------------------
** IMMUNE SYSTEM / VACCINES News **

Breakthrough discovery offers new perspectives for research on the immune and nervous system
http://mnt.to/l/4md5
When it comes to analyzing cell components or body fluids or developing new medications, there is no way around mass spectrometry.

Research on the protein gp41 could help towards designing future vaccinations against HIV
http://mnt.to/l/4md3
Researchers from the University of Granada have discovered, for the first time, an allosteric interaction (that is, a regulation mechanism whereby enzymes can be activated or de-activated)...

How best to manage sepsis patients, particularly during the critical first few hours of treatment
http://mnt.to/l/4mcM
Survival of patients with septic shock was the same regardless of whether they received treatment based on specific protocols or the usual high-level standard of care, according to a five-year...

Immunology researchers uncover pathways that direct immune system to turn 'on' or 'off'
http://mnt.to/l/4mcJ
A key discovery explaining how components of the immune system determine whether to activate or to suppress the immune system, made by Kelvin Lee, MD, Professor of Oncology and Co-Leader of the...

Tamiflu® reduces risk of death by 25% in adults hospitalised with H1N1 pandemic influenza
http://mnt.to/l/4mcB
Adults hospitalised with H1N1 influenza during the 2009-2010 pandemic were 25% less likely to die from the disease if they were given antiviral drugs called neuraminidase inhibitors (NAIs) such...

----------------------------------------------
** INFECTIOUS DISEASES / BACTERIA / VIRUSES News **

Specific bacterial infection linked to poor pregnancy outcomes
http://mnt.to/l/4mcQ
Researchers have found that pregnant women are more susceptible to H. influenzae infection, which can lead to increased risk of preterm birth, stillbirth and fetal loss.

Pneumonia coding practices may skew hospital performance outcomes
http://mnt.to/l/4mcK
Variations in coding practices related to pneumonia cases may bias efforts to compare quality of care among hospitals, according to an article published in Annals of Internal Medicine.

Detecting spoiled food without opening the container
http://mnt.to/l/4mck
A color-coded smart tag could tell consumers whether a carton of milk has turned sour or a can of green beans has spoiled without opening the containers, according to researchers.

Fighting antibiotic resistance with honey
http://mnt.to/l/4mbK
Honey, that delectable condiment for breads and fruits, could be one sweet solution to the serious, ever-growing problem of bacterial resistance to antibiotics, researchers say.

----------------------------------------------
** IRRITABLE-BOWEL SYNDROME News **

How best to manage sepsis patients, particularly during the critical first few hours of treatment
http://mnt.to/l/4mcM
Survival of patients with septic shock was the same regardless of whether they received treatment based on specific protocols or the usual high-level standard of care, according to a five-year...

Study of immune response could lead to development of new pharmacological strategies to treat chronic inflammatory diseases
http://mnt.to/l/4mcn
A team of biologists and engineers at the University of California, San Diego has discovered that white blood cells, which repair damaged tissue as part of the body's immune response, move to...

----------------------------------------------
** IT / INTERNET / E-MAIL News **

Ant algorithm employed for drug design
http://mnt.to/l/4mcZ
New drugs often fail because they cause undesirable side-effects. ETH researchers have developed simulation software that predicts the properties of active agents and virtually builds new ones.

Detecting spoiled food without opening the container
http://mnt.to/l/4mck
A color-coded smart tag could tell consumers whether a carton of milk has turned sour or a can of green beans has spoiled without opening the containers, according to researchers.

----------------------------------------------
** LIVER DISEASE / HEPATITIS News **

Despite antiretroviral therapy, hepatitis C remains major problem for HIV patients
http://mnt.to/l/4mcv
A new study led by researchers at the Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania has found that the risk of hepatitis C-associated serious liver disease persists in HIV...

----------------------------------------------
** MEDICAL DEVICES / DIAGNOSTICS News **

Breakthrough discovery offers new perspectives for research on the immune and nervous system
http://mnt.to/l/4md5
When it comes to analyzing cell components or body fluids or developing new medications, there is no way around mass spectrometry.

Using age to distinguish normal from abnormal blood test results appears to safely exclude lung blood clots in older patients
http://mnt.to/l/4mcR
Using a patient's age to raise the threshold for an abnormal result of a blood test used to assess patients with a suspected pulmonary embolism (blood clot in lungs) appeared to be safe and led...

Engineered bacteria sense, remember, and report on their experience in the gut
http://mnt.to/l/4mcr
It's a jungle in there. In the tightly woven ecosystem of the human gut, trillions of bacteria compete with each other on a daily basis while they sense and react to signals from the immune...

Diabetes detection based on the science of deer hunting
http://mnt.to/l/4mcj
Body odor is a deer hunter's worst enemy, an alert to animals that an ominous presence is lurking, but the science behind suppressing it to give hunters an edge oddly enough could help...

----------------------------------------------
** MENTAL HEALTH News **

Risk of psychiatric diagnoses, medication use increases after critical illness
http://mnt.to/l/4mcP
Critically ill patients receiving mechanical ventilation had a higher prevalence of prior psychiatric diagnoses and an increased risk of a new psychiatric diagnosis and medication use after...

----------------------------------------------
** MRSA / DRUG RESISTANCE News **

Sequencing reveals genetic diversity in hospital-acquired bacterium
http://mnt.to/l/4mcm
Using genome sequencing, National Institutes of Health (NIH) scientists and their colleagues have tracked the evolution of the antibiotic-resistant bacterium Klebsiella pneumoniae sequence type...

'Molecular drill bits' to fight antibiotic resistance
http://mnt.to/l/4mch
In response to drug-resistant "superbugs" that send millions of people to hospitals around the world, scientists are building tiny, "molecular drill bits" that kill bacteria by bursting through...

Fighting antibiotic resistance with honey
http://mnt.to/l/4mbK
Honey, that delectable condiment for breads and fruits, could be one sweet solution to the serious, ever-growing problem of bacterial resistance to antibiotics, researchers say.

----------------------------------------------
** MULTIPLE SCLEROSIS News **

Statins slow the progression of advanced multiple sclerosis in clinical trial
http://mnt.to/l/4mcx
Statins may provide doctors with an unlikely new weapon with which to slow the progression of multiple sclerosis (MS).

----------------------------------------------
** NEUROLOGY / NEUROSCIENCE News **

European research project aims at early diagnosis of memory disorders
http://mnt.to/l/4md9
The PredictND project, started by European research organisations, aims at developing and validating new procedures for the earlier diagnosis of memory disorders and for detecting individuals at...

Breakthrough discovery offers new perspectives for research on the immune and nervous system
http://mnt.to/l/4md5
When it comes to analyzing cell components or body fluids or developing new medications, there is no way around mass spectrometry.

PTSD: Suppressing unwanted memories reduces their unconscious influence on behavior
http://mnt.to/l/4mcW
Researchers part-funded by the Medical Research Council (MRC) have shown that, contrary to what was previously assumed, suppressing unwanted memories reduces their unconscious influences on...

----------------------------------------------
** NUTRITION / DIET News **

Gut bacteria play a role in why dark chocolate is so good for you
http://mnt.to/l/4mdS
A delicious new finding has come from researchers: bacteria in our gut eat dark chocolate and produce anti-inflammatory compounds that are beneficial for the heart.

UK abortion charity urges that ministers act to reduce avoidable birth defects
http://mnt.to/l/4mdf
The British Pregnancy Advisory Service (BPAS) is urging the UK's health ministers to implement recommendations to fortify flour with the vitamin folic acid to reduce cases of neural tube defects...

Dietary restriction and extended lifespan
http://mnt.to/l/4md4
A new evolutionary theory in BioEssays claims that consuming a diet very low in nutrients can extend lifespan in laboratory animals, a finding which could hold clues to promoting healthier...

Genetic predispositions make fans of fried food 'more likely to be obese'
http://mnt.to/l/4mcV
A new study suggests that people with certain genetic variants who regularly eat fried food are more likely to become obese than fans of fried food who do not have these genes.

Some lots of Simply Lite brand dark chocolate recalled
http://mnt.to/l/4mcT
Testing reveals significant amounts of milk protein, potentially putting those with milk allergy at risk.Fast FactsThe U.S.

Children's preferences for sweeter and saltier tastes are linked to each other
http://mnt.to/l/4mcG
Scientists from the Monell Chemical Senses Center have found that children who most prefer high levels of sweet tastes also most prefer high levels of salt taste and that, in general, children...

The soluble fiber in oats helps lower total and LDL cholesterol but the cardiovascular health benefits of oats goes beyond fiber
http://mnt.to/l/4mcp
Eleven top scientists from around the globe presented the latest findings on the powerful compounds found in oats in a scientific session titled, Physicochemical Properties and Biological...

Fighting antibiotic resistance with honey
http://mnt.to/l/4mbK
Honey, that delectable condiment for breads and fruits, could be one sweet solution to the serious, ever-growing problem of bacterial resistance to antibiotics, researchers say.

Potential for better-tasting reduced-fat desserts, dressings, sauces
http://mnt.to/l/4mbJ
Adjusting the calcium level and acidity could be the key to developing new better-tasting, more eye-appealing and creamier reduced-fat sauces, desserts and salad dressings that could be on the...

Sweetener from tequila plant may be ideal for diabetics - helps reduce blood sugar, weight
http://mnt.to/l/4mbD
A sweetener created from the plant used to make tequila could lower blood glucose levels for the 26 million Americans and others worldwide who have type 2 diabetes and help them and the obese...

----------------------------------------------
** OBESITY / WEIGHT LOSS / FITNESS News **

Genetic predispositions make fans of fried food 'more likely to be obese'
http://mnt.to/l/4mcV
A new study suggests that people with certain genetic variants who regularly eat fried food are more likely to become obese than fans of fried food who do not have these genes.

Potential for better-tasting reduced-fat desserts, dressings, sauces
http://mnt.to/l/4mbJ
Adjusting the calcium level and acidity could be the key to developing new better-tasting, more eye-appealing and creamier reduced-fat sauces, desserts and salad dressings that could be on the...

Sweetener from tequila plant may be ideal for diabetics - helps reduce blood sugar, weight
http://mnt.to/l/4mbD
A sweetener created from the plant used to make tequila could lower blood glucose levels for the 26 million Americans and others worldwide who have type 2 diabetes and help them and the obese...

----------------------------------------------
** PAIN / ANESTHETICS News **

While under general anesthesia rats' brains may 'remember' odor experienced
http://mnt.to/l/4md7
Rats' brains may remember odors they were exposed to while deeply anesthetized, suggests research in rats published in the April issue of Anesthesiology.

----------------------------------------------
** PEDIATRICS / CHILDREN'S HEALTH News **

Teen gang membership can harm adult years
http://mnt.to/l/4mdk
Former gang membership during teenage years has significant negative effects in adulthood beyond criminal behavior, with implications for public health, say researchers.

UK abortion charity urges that ministers act to reduce avoidable birth defects
http://mnt.to/l/4mdf
The British Pregnancy Advisory Service (BPAS) is urging the UK's health ministers to implement recommendations to fortify flour with the vitamin folic acid to reduce cases of neural tube defects...

Health gap between adult survivors of childhood cancer and siblings widens with age
http://mnt.to/l/4mcS
Adult survivors of childhood cancer face significant health problems as they age and are five times more likely than their siblings to develop new cancers, heart and other serious health...

Specific bacterial infection linked to poor pregnancy outcomes
http://mnt.to/l/4mcQ
Researchers have found that pregnant women are more susceptible to H. influenzae infection, which can lead to increased risk of preterm birth, stillbirth and fetal loss.

Children's preferences for sweeter and saltier tastes are linked to each other
http://mnt.to/l/4mcG
Scientists from the Monell Chemical Senses Center have found that children who most prefer high levels of sweet tastes also most prefer high levels of salt taste and that, in general, children...

Hope for safer, greener alternative to BPA
http://mnt.to/l/4mbG
A waste product from making paper could yield a safer, greener alternative to the potentially harmful chemical BPA, now banned from baby bottles but still used in many plastics.

----------------------------------------------
** PHARMA INDUSTRY / BIOTECH INDUSTRY News **

Ant algorithm employed for drug design
http://mnt.to/l/4mcZ
New drugs often fail because they cause undesirable side-effects. ETH researchers have developed simulation software that predicts the properties of active agents and virtually builds new ones.

Detecting spoiled food without opening the container
http://mnt.to/l/4mck
A color-coded smart tag could tell consumers whether a carton of milk has turned sour or a can of green beans has spoiled without opening the containers, according to researchers.

----------------------------------------------
** PREGNANCY / OBSTETRICS News **

UK abortion charity urges that ministers act to reduce avoidable birth defects
http://mnt.to/l/4mdf
The British Pregnancy Advisory Service (BPAS) is urging the UK's health ministers to implement recommendations to fortify flour with the vitamin folic acid to reduce cases of neural tube defects...

More women experience cardiac arrest during childbirth than is reported
http://mnt.to/l/4mdd
According to new research, incidence of cardiac arrest during childbirth may be seriously under-reported, but so is the percentage of women who survive this rare event.

Specific bacterial infection linked to poor pregnancy outcomes
http://mnt.to/l/4mcQ
Researchers have found that pregnant women are more susceptible to H. influenzae infection, which can lead to increased risk of preterm birth, stillbirth and fetal loss.

Biomarkers provide potential for improved understanding of preeclampsia
http://mnt.to/l/4mcs
Identifying biomarkers could lead to earlier detection of preeclampsia, which in turn can lead to healthier mothers and children, according to a collaborative study from the Centre of Molecular...

----------------------------------------------
** PREVENTIVE MEDICINE News **

Colonoscopy leads to huge reduction in colon cancer incidence in older Americans
http://mnt.to/l/4mcC
Colon cancer incidence rates have dropped 30 percent in the U.S. in the last 10 years among adults 50 and older due to the widespread uptake of colonoscopy, with the largest decrease in people...

----------------------------------------------
** PRIMARY CARE / GENERAL PRACTICE News **

NHS sight tests include unevaluated screening examinations that lead to waste
http://mnt.to/l/4mb2
On bmj.com, a leading eye doctor says that opticians are making too many referrals to doctors.

----------------------------------------------
** PROSTATE / PROSTATE CANCER News **

Most men with early prostate cancer do not benefit from primary androgen deprivation therapy
http://mnt.to/l/4mcq
A study of more than 15,000 men with early stage prostate cancer finds that those who received androgen deprivation as their primary treatment instead of surgery or radiation did not live any...

----------------------------------------------
** PSYCHOLOGY / PSYCHIATRY News **

Smartphone app reduces stress for anxious people
http://mnt.to/l/4mdj
Study suggests turning a scientifically supported psychological intervention into a smartphone app offers a promising new way to help people with high levels of anxiety.

PTSD: Suppressing unwanted memories reduces their unconscious influence on behavior
http://mnt.to/l/4mcW
Researchers part-funded by the Medical Research Council (MRC) have shown that, contrary to what was previously assumed, suppressing unwanted memories reduces their unconscious influences on...

Risk of psychiatric diagnoses, medication use increases after critical illness
http://mnt.to/l/4mcP
Critically ill patients receiving mechanical ventilation had a higher prevalence of prior psychiatric diagnoses and an increased risk of a new psychiatric diagnosis and medication use after...

----------------------------------------------
** PUBLIC HEALTH News **

Almost half of Americans believe in medical conspiracy theories
http://mnt.to/l/4mdG
Nearly half of Americans believe in conspiracy theories, and many take care of their own health differently to people who do not believe in these ideas, according to a new study.

Teen gang membership can harm adult years
http://mnt.to/l/4mdk
Former gang membership during teenage years has significant negative effects in adulthood beyond criminal behavior, with implications for public health, say researchers.

More than half of public health staff have recently considered leaving their profession, says BMA report
http://mnt.to/l/4mdg
Public health consultants[i] and trainees say the recent health reforms have failed to benefit the public's health and more than half of specialists have considered leaving the profession...

Pneumonia coding practices may skew hospital performance outcomes
http://mnt.to/l/4mcK
Variations in coding practices related to pneumonia cases may bias efforts to compare quality of care among hospitals, according to an article published in Annals of Internal Medicine.

Hope for safer, greener alternative to BPA
http://mnt.to/l/4mbG
A waste product from making paper could yield a safer, greener alternative to the potentially harmful chemical BPA, now banned from baby bottles but still used in many plastics.

----------------------------------------------
** RADIOLOGY / NUCLEAR MEDICINE News **

Radiotherapy after mastectomy benefits women with breast cancer that has spread to just a few lymph nodes
http://mnt.to/l/4md2
Women whose breast cancer has spread to just a few lymph nodes under their arm are less likely to have their disease recur or to die from it if they have radiotherapy after mastectomy, according...

----------------------------------------------
** REGULATORY AFFAIRS / DRUG APPROVALS News **

Almost half of Americans believe in medical conspiracy theories
http://mnt.to/l/4mdG
Nearly half of Americans believe in conspiracy theories, and many take care of their own health differently to people who do not believe in these ideas, according to a new study.

Some lots of Simply Lite brand dark chocolate recalled
http://mnt.to/l/4mcT
Testing reveals significant amounts of milk protein, potentially putting those with milk allergy at risk.Fast FactsThe U.S.

----------------------------------------------
** RESPIRATORY / ASTHMA News **

Pneumonia coding practices may skew hospital performance outcomes
http://mnt.to/l/4mcK
Variations in coding practices related to pneumonia cases may bias efforts to compare quality of care among hospitals, according to an article published in Annals of Internal Medicine.

----------------------------------------------
** SENIORS / AGING News **

Older women 'twice as likely to develop Alzheimer's than breast cancer'
http://mnt.to/l/4mdz
An Alzheimer's Association report finds that women in their 60s are twice as likely to develop Alzheimer's than breast cancer, and have a much higher risk for the disease than men.

Dietary restriction and extended lifespan
http://mnt.to/l/4md4
A new evolutionary theory in BioEssays claims that consuming a diet very low in nutrients can extend lifespan in laboratory animals, a finding which could hold clues to promoting healthier...

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** STATINS News **

Statins slow the progression of advanced multiple sclerosis in clinical trial
http://mnt.to/l/4mcx
Statins may provide doctors with an unlikely new weapon with which to slow the progression of multiple sclerosis (MS).

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** STEM CELL RESEARCH News **

MicroRNAs target 'jumping genes' in reproductive cells, protecting against genomic damage
http://mnt.to/l/4mcg
Reproductive cells, such as an egg and sperm, join to form stem cells that can mature into any tissue type. But how do reproductive cells arise?

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** TUBERCULOSIS News **

'Molecular drill bits' to fight antibiotic resistance
http://mnt.to/l/4mch
In response to drug-resistant "superbugs" that send millions of people to hospitals around the world, scientists are building tiny, "molecular drill bits" that kill bacteria by bursting through...

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** WATER - AIR QUALITY / AGRICULTURE News **

New method enables water to be purified by sunlight
http://mnt.to/l/4mbH
Sunlight plus a common titanium pigment might be the secret recipe for ridding pharmaceuticals, pesticides and other potentially harmful pollutants from drinking water.

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** WOMEN'S HEALTH / GYNECOLOGY News **

Older women 'twice as likely to develop Alzheimer's than breast cancer'
http://mnt.to/l/4mdz
An Alzheimer's Association report finds that women in their 60s are twice as likely to develop Alzheimer's than breast cancer, and have a much higher risk for the disease than men.

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