Medical News Today daily newsletter - 21 March 2014

Dear kostik,

Welcome to today's Medical News Today newsletter, containing the most recent headlines from your chosen news categories.

----------------------------------------------
** ALCOHOL / ADDICTION / ILLEGAL DRUGS News **

Annexation of Crimea will cut off 14,000 drug users from critical medical services
http://mnt.to/l/4mgR
The International HIV/AIDS Alliance has expressed alarm at the future of more than 14,000 people in Crimea who inject drugs following its annexation by Russia.

Stroke mortality increased by drinking alcohol several times a week
http://mnt.to/l/4mfV
Consuming alcohol more frequently than twice a week increases the risk of stroke mortality in men, according to a study carried out at the University of Eastern Finland.

An under-recognized issue that may be on the rise: fetal alcohol spectrum disorders
http://mnt.to/l/4mfJ
The open-access International Journal of Alcohol and Drug Research has released a special issue on Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders (FASD), with the intention of increasing awareness of the...

Canadian drinking-age laws have significant effect on deaths among young males
http://mnt.to/l/4mft
A recent study by a University of Northern British Columbia-based scientist associated with the UBC Faculty of Medicine and UNBC's Northern Medical Program demonstrates that Canada's...

New method is a thousand times more sensitive to performance-enhancing drugs
http://mnt.to/l/4mfj
While the world's best athletes competed during last month's winter Olympics, doctors and scientists were waging a different battle behind the scenes to make sure no one had an unfair...

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** ALZHEIMER'S / DEMENTIA News **

New player implicated in Alzheimer's and other dementias
http://mnt.to/l/4mfR
Why do neurodegenerative diseases such as Alzheimer's affect only the elderly? Why do some people live to be over 100 with intact cognitive function while others develop dementia decades earlier?

----------------------------------------------
** ANXIETY / STRESS News **

Rebalancing the autistic brain with low doses of antianxiety drugs
http://mnt.to/l/4mfC
New research in mice suggests that autism is characterized by reduced activity of inhibitory neurons and increased activity of excitatory neurons in the brain, but balance can be restored with...

----------------------------------------------
** AUTISM News **

Promising strategies for teaching common core state standards to teens with autism
http://mnt.to/l/4mg2
Scientists at UNC's Frank Porter Graham Child Development Institute (FPG) report that high school students with autism can learn under Common Core State Standards (CCSS), boosting their...

Rebalancing the autistic brain with low doses of antianxiety drugs
http://mnt.to/l/4mfC
New research in mice suggests that autism is characterized by reduced activity of inhibitory neurons and increased activity of excitatory neurons in the brain, but balance can be restored with...

----------------------------------------------
** BIO-TERRORISM / TERRORISM News **

Heart risk: 9/11 rescuers more likely to have sleep apnea and PTSD
http://mnt.to/l/4mhM
First responders at Ground Zero during the September 11th attacks who were exposed to a dust cloud with particulates are more likely to have conditions impacting heart health.

Risk factors for violent radicalization: youth, wealth and education
http://mnt.to/l/4mfP
New research from Queen Mary University of London has found youth, wealth, and being in full-time education to be risk factors associated with violent radicalisation.

----------------------------------------------
** BIOLOGY / BIOCHEMISTRY News **

Human sniff range exceeds 1 trillion odors
http://mnt.to/l/4mh2
A widely held belief is that humans can only discriminate 10,000 different odors, now a new study suggests the number is over 1 trillion, exceeding sight and hearing ranges.

New drug raises potential for cancer treatment revolution
http://mnt.to/l/4mgX
A revolution in cancer treatment could soon be underway following a breakthrough that may lead to a dramatic improvement in cancer survival rates.

New approach makes cancer cells explode
http://mnt.to/l/4mg7
Researchers at Karolinska Institutet in Sweden have discovered that a substance called Vacquinol-1 makes cells from glioblastoma, the most aggressive type of brain tumour, literally explode.

Mathematical modelling tool will help biologists grow tissue in the lab
http://mnt.to/l/4mfz
University of Adelaide mathematicians have devised a method for identifying how cell clusters have formed by analysing an image of the cluster.

----------------------------------------------
** BLOOD / HEMATOLOGY News **

Low levels of oxgen, nitric oxide worsen sickle cell disease
http://mnt.to/l/4mgT
Low levels of both oxygen and the powerful blood vessel dilator nitric oxide appear to have an unfortunate synergy for patients with sickle cell disease, researchers report.

----------------------------------------------
** BREAST CANCER News **

Deaths from breast cancer fall in Europe, but unexplained differences between countries remain
http://mnt.to/l/4mgS
Improvements in treatment, as well as enhanced access to care, underlie the sustained decreases in breast cancer mortality seen in 30 European countries [1] from 1989 to 2010.

Results from NHS Breast Screening Programme study finds a third of women might benefit from more frequent mammograms
http://mnt.to/l/4mgN
A study of over 50,000 women participating in the UK NHS Breast Screening Programme has found that, while three-yearly screening intervals are appropriate for the majority of women...

Audit of NHS Breast Screening Programme reveals significant variations between hospitals in adverse outcomes for treatment of ductal carcinoma in situ
http://mnt.to/l/4mgM
Analysis of data from the UK NHS Breast Screening Programme has shown significant variations in the outcomes of treatment for women with ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS) between UK hospitals.

Breast cancer: lack of resources in low-income countries 'alarming'
http://mnt.to/l/4mgK
New research provides insight into the global burden of breast cancer and finds that many women in low-income countries face lack of early diagnosis and treatment for the disease.

Regular physical activity reduces breast cancer risk irrespective of age
http://mnt.to/l/4mgq
Practising sport for more than an hour a day reduces the risk of contracting breast cancer, and this applies to women of any age and any weight, and also unaffected by geographical location...

Extended hormone therapy may help some women with ER+ breast cancer
http://mnt.to/l/4mfY
Genetic analyses of results from 1125 postmenopausal women being treated for oestrogen responsive breast cancer have shown that some of them are more likely than others to have a late recurrence...

Using nano-flares to measure genetic content in live cells to catch the early spread of breast cancer
http://mnt.to/l/4mfB
When cancer spreads from one part of the body to another, it becomes even more deadly. It moves with stealth and can go undetected for months or years.

----------------------------------------------
** CANCER / ONCOLOGY News **

New drug raises potential for cancer treatment revolution
http://mnt.to/l/4mgX
A revolution in cancer treatment could soon be underway following a breakthrough that may lead to a dramatic improvement in cancer survival rates.

Breast cancer: lack of resources in low-income countries 'alarming'
http://mnt.to/l/4mgK
New research provides insight into the global burden of breast cancer and finds that many women in low-income countries face lack of early diagnosis and treatment for the disease.

Inflammation mobilizes tumor cells
http://mnt.to/l/4mgx
Researchers of Ludwig-Maximilians-Universitaet (LMU) in Munich have discovered a novel feedback mechanism that provides a mechanistic link between chronic inflammation and carcinogenesis.

Differences seen in HPV positive, negative in squamous cell head, neck cancer
http://mnt.to/l/4mgf
Neck mass and sore throat appear to be the initial symptoms in patients with oropharyngeal (mouth and throat) squamous cell carcinoma (OPSCC), and the symptoms appear to be associated with the...

New approach makes cancer cells explode
http://mnt.to/l/4mg7
Researchers at Karolinska Institutet in Sweden have discovered that a substance called Vacquinol-1 makes cells from glioblastoma, the most aggressive type of brain tumour, literally explode.

Using nano-flares to measure genetic content in live cells to catch the early spread of breast cancer
http://mnt.to/l/4mfB
When cancer spreads from one part of the body to another, it becomes even more deadly. It moves with stealth and can go undetected for months or years.

----------------------------------------------
** CARDIOVASCULAR / CARDIOLOGY News **

Heart risk: 9/11 rescuers more likely to have sleep apnea and PTSD
http://mnt.to/l/4mhM
First responders at Ground Zero during the September 11th attacks who were exposed to a dust cloud with particulates are more likely to have conditions impacting heart health.

Cardiologists define new heart failure symptom: Shortness of breath while bending over
http://mnt.to/l/4mfs
UT Southwestern Medical Center cardiologists have defined a novel heart failure symptom in advanced heart failure patients: shortness of breath while bending over, such as when putting on...

Building heart tissue that beats
http://mnt.to/l/4mfh
When a heart gets damaged, such as during a major heart attack, there's no easy fix.

----------------------------------------------
** CHOLESTEROL News **

13 million more Americans deemed eligible for statins
http://mnt.to/l/4mfG
New guidelines for using statins to treat high cholesterol and prevent cardiovascular disease are projected to result in 12.8 million more U.S.

----------------------------------------------
** CLINICAL TRIALS / DRUG TRIALS News **

An end to animal testing for drug discovery?
http://mnt.to/l/4mfk
As some countries and companies roll out new rules to limit animal testing in pharmaceutical products designed for people, scientists are stepping in with a new way to test therapeutic drug...

----------------------------------------------
** COLORECTAL CANCER News **

New study shows endochoice fuse system detects significantly more pre-cancerous polyps
http://mnt.to/l/4mgj
EndoChoice&reg
; has announced that positive results of a pivotal comparison study of standard forward-viewing colonoscopy (SFV) and EndoChoice's Full Spectrum Endoscopy™ System...

Highly accurate noninvasive colorectal cancer screening tool
http://mnt.to/l/4mfF
An Indiana University and Regenstrief Institute study of nearly 10,000 average-risk, asymptomatic men and women from 90 sites across the United States reports that a multi-target stool DNA test...

----------------------------------------------
** DERMATOLOGY News **

Abandoned antibiotic makes a comeback
http://mnt.to/l/4mg3
Scarlet fever and infections of the skin and throat are often caused by a bacterium called Streptococcus pyogenes.

----------------------------------------------
** DIABETES News **

Discovery of new pathway connected to type 2 diabetes
http://mnt.to/l/4mfW
Scientists at the Children's Hospital of Eastern Ontario (CHEO) Research Institute have discovered a cellular pathway that is responsible for keeping blood sugar levels low in obese or...

----------------------------------------------
** EAR, NOSE AND THROAT News **

Human sniff range exceeds 1 trillion odors
http://mnt.to/l/4mh2
A widely held belief is that humans can only discriminate 10,000 different odors, now a new study suggests the number is over 1 trillion, exceeding sight and hearing ranges.

Differences seen in HPV positive, negative in squamous cell head, neck cancer
http://mnt.to/l/4mgf
Neck mass and sore throat appear to be the initial symptoms in patients with oropharyngeal (mouth and throat) squamous cell carcinoma (OPSCC), and the symptoms appear to be associated with the...

Research suggests potential use of MRI magnetic fields to treat balance disorders
http://mnt.to/l/4mfM
Expanding on earlier research, Johns Hopkins researchers report that people with balance disorders or dizziness traceable to an inner-ear disturbance show distinctive abnormal eye movements when...

----------------------------------------------
** EATING DISORDERS News **

Evaluating the treatment of obesity-related food behavior
http://mnt.to/l/4mfQ
A key challenge in evaluating anti-obesity treatment is determining how to objectively measure a person's desire to eat; with concerns about obesity on the rise, a research team from the...

----------------------------------------------
** ENDOCRINOLOGY News **

Extended hormone therapy may help some women with ER+ breast cancer
http://mnt.to/l/4mfY
Genetic analyses of results from 1125 postmenopausal women being treated for oestrogen responsive breast cancer have shown that some of them are more likely than others to have a late recurrence...

----------------------------------------------
** EPILEPSY News **

Rebalancing the autistic brain with low doses of antianxiety drugs
http://mnt.to/l/4mfC
New research in mice suggests that autism is characterized by reduced activity of inhibitory neurons and increased activity of excitatory neurons in the brain, but balance can be restored with...

----------------------------------------------
** FERTILITY News **

Miscarriage risk increases for women who respond poorly to IVF ovarian stimulation
http://mnt.to/l/4mgv
Women who respond to IVF treatment with low numbers of eggs are at increased risk of miscarriage, a study co-authored by University of Birmingham researchers has found.

----------------------------------------------
** FLU / COLD / SARS News **

Nanovaccines that need no-refrigeration could curb diseases in remote areas
http://mnt.to/l/4mfy
A new kind of single-dose vaccine that comes in a nasal spray and doesn't require refrigeration could dramatically alter the public health landscape - get more people vaccinated around the world...

----------------------------------------------
** GASTROINTESTINAL / GASTROENTEROLOGY News **

Preterm babies can suffer life-threatening infections due to gut bacteria
http://mnt.to/l/4mfT
Babies born prematurely are surviving in increasing numbers. But many withstand complications of early birth only to suffer late-onset sepsis - life-threatening bloodstream infections that...

----------------------------------------------
** GENETICS News **

Low levels of oxgen, nitric oxide worsen sickle cell disease
http://mnt.to/l/4mgT
Low levels of both oxygen and the powerful blood vessel dilator nitric oxide appear to have an unfortunate synergy for patients with sickle cell disease, researchers report.

Extended hormone therapy may help some women with ER+ breast cancer
http://mnt.to/l/4mfY
Genetic analyses of results from 1125 postmenopausal women being treated for oestrogen responsive breast cancer have shown that some of them are more likely than others to have a late recurrence...

Using nano-flares to measure genetic content in live cells to catch the early spread of breast cancer
http://mnt.to/l/4mfB
When cancer spreads from one part of the body to another, it becomes even more deadly. It moves with stealth and can go undetected for months or years.

Who's afraid of math? Study finds some genetic factors
http://mnt.to/l/4mfm
A new study of math anxiety shows how some people may be at greater risk to fear math not only because of negative experiences, but also because of genetic risks related to both general...

----------------------------------------------
** HEART DISEASE News **

Heart risk: 9/11 rescuers more likely to have sleep apnea and PTSD
http://mnt.to/l/4mhM
First responders at Ground Zero during the September 11th attacks who were exposed to a dust cloud with particulates are more likely to have conditions impacting heart health.

13 million more Americans deemed eligible for statins
http://mnt.to/l/4mfG
New guidelines for using statins to treat high cholesterol and prevent cardiovascular disease are projected to result in 12.8 million more U.S.

Cardiologists define new heart failure symptom: Shortness of breath while bending over
http://mnt.to/l/4mfs
UT Southwestern Medical Center cardiologists have defined a novel heart failure symptom in advanced heart failure patients: shortness of breath while bending over, such as when putting on...

----------------------------------------------
** HIV / AIDS News **

Annexation of Crimea will cut off 14,000 drug users from critical medical services
http://mnt.to/l/4mgR
The International HIV/AIDS Alliance has expressed alarm at the future of more than 14,000 people in Crimea who inject drugs following its annexation by Russia.

Learning from past HIV vaccine trials
http://mnt.to/l/4mfK
A multi-national research team led by Duke Medicine scientists has identified a subclass of antibodies associated with an effective immune response to an HIV vaccine.

----------------------------------------------
** IMMUNE SYSTEM / VACCINES News **

Learning from past HIV vaccine trials
http://mnt.to/l/4mfK
A multi-national research team led by Duke Medicine scientists has identified a subclass of antibodies associated with an effective immune response to an HIV vaccine.

Nanovaccines that need no-refrigeration could curb diseases in remote areas
http://mnt.to/l/4mfy
A new kind of single-dose vaccine that comes in a nasal spray and doesn't require refrigeration could dramatically alter the public health landscape - get more people vaccinated around the world...

----------------------------------------------
** INFECTIOUS DISEASES / BACTERIA / VIRUSES News **

Abandoned antibiotic makes a comeback
http://mnt.to/l/4mg3
Scarlet fever and infections of the skin and throat are often caused by a bacterium called Streptococcus pyogenes.

Preterm babies can suffer life-threatening infections due to gut bacteria
http://mnt.to/l/4mfT
Babies born prematurely are surviving in increasing numbers. But many withstand complications of early birth only to suffer late-onset sepsis - life-threatening bloodstream infections that...

----------------------------------------------
** IRRITABLE-BOWEL SYNDROME News **

Not just the gut: negative relationships, fatigue are more powerful than symptoms in IBS patients' health perceptions
http://mnt.to/l/4mfq
Social relationships, fatigue and other coexisting medical problems have a stronger effect on how patients with irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) rate their overall health than the severity of...

----------------------------------------------
** IT / INTERNET / E-MAIL News **

Mathematical modelling tool will help biologists grow tissue in the lab
http://mnt.to/l/4mfz
University of Adelaide mathematicians have devised a method for identifying how cell clusters have formed by analysing an image of the cluster.

----------------------------------------------
** LYMPHOMA / LEUKEMIA / MYELOMA News **

New drug offers potential for chemo-free treatment for leukemia/lymphoma
http://mnt.to/l/4mfZ
Patients with terminal forms of leukaemia and lymphoma who have run out of treatment options could soon benefit from a new drug, which not only puts an end to chemotherapy and has virtually no...

----------------------------------------------
** MEDICAL DEVICES / DIAGNOSTICS News **

Multiple sclerosis: raising awareness of a complex disease
http://mnt.to/l/4mjp
This March is National MS Awareness Month. We cover the symptoms, diagnosis and treatment of the disease, and look at what is being done to increase awareness of the condition.

UC Davis faculty drive efforts to improve CT safety
http://mnt.to/l/4mgP
UC Davis clinicians and physicists have recommended new strategies to make computed tomography (CT) safer, including adoption of a new metric for dose measurement, ways to manage exposure...

Results from NHS Breast Screening Programme study finds a third of women might benefit from more frequent mammograms
http://mnt.to/l/4mgN
A study of over 50,000 women participating in the UK NHS Breast Screening Programme has found that, while three-yearly screening intervals are appropriate for the majority of women...

New study shows endochoice fuse system detects significantly more pre-cancerous polyps
http://mnt.to/l/4mgj
EndoChoice&reg
; has announced that positive results of a pivotal comparison study of standard forward-viewing colonoscopy (SFV) and EndoChoice's Full Spectrum Endoscopy™ System...

Electrical engineers shrink plasma devices to resist radiation
http://mnt.to/l/4mg6
University of Utah electrical engineers fabricated the smallest plasma transistors that can withstand high temperatures and ionizing radiation found in a nuclear reactor.

New lens design drastically improves kidney stone treatment
http://mnt.to/l/4mfr
Duke engineers have devised a way to improve the efficiency of lithotripsy - the demolition of kidney stones using focused shock waves.

Researchers devise new, stretchable antenna for wearable health monitoring
http://mnt.to/l/4mfp
Researchers from North Carolina State University have developed a new, stretchable antenna that can be incorporated into wearable technologies, such as health monitoring devices.

----------------------------------------------
** MEDICAL PRACTICE MANAGEMENT News **

Breast cancer: lack of resources in low-income countries 'alarming'
http://mnt.to/l/4mgK
New research provides insight into the global burden of breast cancer and finds that many women in low-income countries face lack of early diagnosis and treatment for the disease.

----------------------------------------------
** MELANOMA / SKIN CANCER News **

Ipilimumab in advanced melanoma: added benefit for non-pretreated patients not proven
http://mnt.to/l/4mfw
The German Institute for Quality and Efficiency in Health Care (IQWiG) already assessed the added benefit of ipilimumab in advanced melanoma in 2012.

----------------------------------------------
** MEN'S HEALTH News **

Stroke mortality increased by drinking alcohol several times a week
http://mnt.to/l/4mfV
Consuming alcohol more frequently than twice a week increases the risk of stroke mortality in men, according to a study carried out at the University of Eastern Finland.

Canadian drinking-age laws have significant effect on deaths among young males
http://mnt.to/l/4mft
A recent study by a University of Northern British Columbia-based scientist associated with the UBC Faculty of Medicine and UNBC's Northern Medical Program demonstrates that Canada's...

----------------------------------------------
** MRI / PET / ULTRASOUND News **

UC Davis faculty drive efforts to improve CT safety
http://mnt.to/l/4mgP
UC Davis clinicians and physicists have recommended new strategies to make computed tomography (CT) safer, including adoption of a new metric for dose measurement, ways to manage exposure...

Research suggests potential use of MRI magnetic fields to treat balance disorders
http://mnt.to/l/4mfM
Expanding on earlier research, Johns Hopkins researchers report that people with balance disorders or dizziness traceable to an inner-ear disturbance show distinctive abnormal eye movements when...

----------------------------------------------
** MRSA / DRUG RESISTANCE News **

Alarming spread of drug-resistant TB threatens global health
http://mnt.to/l/4mgZ
The threat to global health posed by the spread of drug-resistant strains of tuberculosis calls for urgent action, says a briefing paper from MSF - Doctors Without Borders.

Abandoned antibiotic makes a comeback
http://mnt.to/l/4mg3
Scarlet fever and infections of the skin and throat are often caused by a bacterium called Streptococcus pyogenes.

----------------------------------------------
** MULTIPLE SCLEROSIS News **

Multiple sclerosis: raising awareness of a complex disease
http://mnt.to/l/4mjp
This March is National MS Awareness Month. We cover the symptoms, diagnosis and treatment of the disease, and look at what is being done to increase awareness of the condition.

Kessler Foundation researchers link endogenous body temperature to relapsing-remitting MS and fatigue
http://mnt.to/l/4mfx
Kessler Foundation researchers have demonstrated for the first time ever that body temperature is elevated endogenously in relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis (RRMS) and linked to worse...

----------------------------------------------
** NEUROLOGY / NEUROSCIENCE News **

Multiple sclerosis: raising awareness of a complex disease
http://mnt.to/l/4mjp
This March is National MS Awareness Month. We cover the symptoms, diagnosis and treatment of the disease, and look at what is being done to increase awareness of the condition.

Human sniff range exceeds 1 trillion odors
http://mnt.to/l/4mh2
A widely held belief is that humans can only discriminate 10,000 different odors, now a new study suggests the number is over 1 trillion, exceeding sight and hearing ranges.

New approach makes cancer cells explode
http://mnt.to/l/4mg7
Researchers at Karolinska Institutet in Sweden have discovered that a substance called Vacquinol-1 makes cells from glioblastoma, the most aggressive type of brain tumour, literally explode.

Cognitive impairment after surgery
http://mnt.to/l/4mg5
Older persons, in particular, tend to suffer from memory lapses and other types of cognitive impairment after undergoing surgical procedures (postoperative cognitive dysfunction, POCD).

Influential policy-informing 'evidence' that children's brains are irreversibly 'sculpted' by parental care is questionable
http://mnt.to/l/4mfX
A study led by Kent sociologists found that claims that children's brains are irreversibly 'sculpted' by parental care are based on questionable evidence - yet have heavily influenced...

New player implicated in Alzheimer's and other dementias
http://mnt.to/l/4mfR
Why do neurodegenerative diseases such as Alzheimer's affect only the elderly? Why do some people live to be over 100 with intact cognitive function while others develop dementia decades earlier?

Mapping neural activity in behaving zebrafish
http://mnt.to/l/4mfD
In a study published in the scientific journal Neuron, neuroscientists at the Champalimaud Foundation, in collaboration with neuroscientists from Harvard University, describe the first activity...

Strongest evidence yet of two distinct human cognitive systems
http://mnt.to/l/4mfv
Cognitive scientists may have produced the strongest evidence yet that humans have separate and distinct cognitive systems with which they can categorize, classify, and conceptualize their...

Researchers discover how our body clock reacts to environmental changes
http://mnt.to/l/4mdZ
Researchers from the UK's University of Manchester have discovered that an enzyme - CK1epsilon - controls how our body clock responds to changes in light.

----------------------------------------------
** NUTRITION / DIET News **

Obese teens with a high salt intake 'at risk of accelerated cellular aging'
http://mnt.to/l/4mhD
The protective tips of chromosomes may erode faster in obese teenagers who eat too much salt, according to new research presented at an American Heart Association meeting.

Americans struggling to afford food are also skipping medications
http://mnt.to/l/4mgW
The economy is on the up, yet a new study finds that 1 in 3 chronically ill Americans are unable to afford food, medications or both.

----------------------------------------------
** OBESITY / WEIGHT LOSS / FITNESS News **

Obese teens with a high salt intake 'at risk of accelerated cellular aging'
http://mnt.to/l/4mhD
The protective tips of chromosomes may erode faster in obese teenagers who eat too much salt, according to new research presented at an American Heart Association meeting.

Discovery of new pathway connected to type 2 diabetes
http://mnt.to/l/4mfW
Scientists at the Children's Hospital of Eastern Ontario (CHEO) Research Institute have discovered a cellular pathway that is responsible for keeping blood sugar levels low in obese or...

Evaluating the treatment of obesity-related food behavior
http://mnt.to/l/4mfQ
A key challenge in evaluating anti-obesity treatment is determining how to objectively measure a person's desire to eat; with concerns about obesity on the rise, a research team from the...

Increased adiposity and reduced physical activity in children: Cause or effect?
http://mnt.to/l/4mfg
Increased adiposity is likely to cause reduced physical activity in children, according to research published in this week's PLOS Medicine.

Researchers discover how our body clock reacts to environmental changes
http://mnt.to/l/4mdZ
Researchers from the UK's University of Manchester have discovered that an enzyme - CK1epsilon - controls how our body clock responds to changes in light.

----------------------------------------------
** PEDIATRICS / CHILDREN'S HEALTH News **

Promising strategies for teaching common core state standards to teens with autism
http://mnt.to/l/4mg2
Scientists at UNC's Frank Porter Graham Child Development Institute (FPG) report that high school students with autism can learn under Common Core State Standards (CCSS), boosting their...

Influential policy-informing 'evidence' that children's brains are irreversibly 'sculpted' by parental care is questionable
http://mnt.to/l/4mfX
A study led by Kent sociologists found that claims that children's brains are irreversibly 'sculpted' by parental care are based on questionable evidence - yet have heavily influenced...

Preterm babies can suffer life-threatening infections due to gut bacteria
http://mnt.to/l/4mfT
Babies born prematurely are surviving in increasing numbers. But many withstand complications of early birth only to suffer late-onset sepsis - life-threatening bloodstream infections that...

Improving lung function in premature babies with high-frequency breathing support
http://mnt.to/l/4mfN
A new study led by researchers at King's College London has found that premature babies supported immediately after birth by high-frequency oscillation - a type of breathing support - had better...

An under-recognized issue that may be on the rise: fetal alcohol spectrum disorders
http://mnt.to/l/4mfJ
The open-access International Journal of Alcohol and Drug Research has released a special issue on Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders (FASD), with the intention of increasing awareness of the...

Increased adiposity and reduced physical activity in children: Cause or effect?
http://mnt.to/l/4mfg
Increased adiposity is likely to cause reduced physical activity in children, according to research published in this week's PLOS Medicine.

----------------------------------------------
** PHARMA INDUSTRY / BIOTECH INDUSTRY News **

An end to animal testing for drug discovery?
http://mnt.to/l/4mfk
As some countries and companies roll out new rules to limit animal testing in pharmaceutical products designed for people, scientists are stepping in with a new way to test therapeutic drug...

----------------------------------------------
** PHARMACY / PHARMACIST News **

Americans struggling to afford food are also skipping medications
http://mnt.to/l/4mgW
The economy is on the up, yet a new study finds that 1 in 3 chronically ill Americans are unable to afford food, medications or both.

----------------------------------------------
** PREGNANCY / OBSTETRICS News **

Miscarriage risk increases for women who respond poorly to IVF ovarian stimulation
http://mnt.to/l/4mgv
Women who respond to IVF treatment with low numbers of eggs are at increased risk of miscarriage, a study co-authored by University of Birmingham researchers has found.

Improving lung function in premature babies with high-frequency breathing support
http://mnt.to/l/4mfN
A new study led by researchers at King's College London has found that premature babies supported immediately after birth by high-frequency oscillation - a type of breathing support - had better...

An under-recognized issue that may be on the rise: fetal alcohol spectrum disorders
http://mnt.to/l/4mfJ
The open-access International Journal of Alcohol and Drug Research has released a special issue on Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders (FASD), with the intention of increasing awareness of the...

Nearly half of pregnant low-income women do not want to be sent home from hospital after diagnosis of false labor, Baylor study shows
http://mnt.to/l/4mfn
More than 40 percent of pregnant low-income women discharged from the hospital after a diagnosis of false or early labor did not want to be sent home, with the most common reasons being that...

----------------------------------------------
** PREVENTIVE MEDICINE News **

Highly accurate noninvasive colorectal cancer screening tool
http://mnt.to/l/4mfF
An Indiana University and Regenstrief Institute study of nearly 10,000 average-risk, asymptomatic men and women from 90 sites across the United States reports that a multi-target stool DNA test...

----------------------------------------------
** PRIMARY CARE / GENERAL PRACTICE News **

Registering as an 'out of area' patient in the UK popular with young commuters and patients moving home
http://mnt.to/l/4mg4
A pilot scheme allowing patients to visit GPs outside the area they live in was most popular among younger commuters and people who had moved house but did not want to change their GP, according...

----------------------------------------------
** PSYCHOLOGY / PSYCHIATRY News **

Influential policy-informing 'evidence' that children's brains are irreversibly 'sculpted' by parental care is questionable
http://mnt.to/l/4mfX
A study led by Kent sociologists found that claims that children's brains are irreversibly 'sculpted' by parental care are based on questionable evidence - yet have heavily influenced...

Strongest evidence yet of two distinct human cognitive systems
http://mnt.to/l/4mfv
Cognitive scientists may have produced the strongest evidence yet that humans have separate and distinct cognitive systems with which they can categorize, classify, and conceptualize their...

Who's afraid of math? Study finds some genetic factors
http://mnt.to/l/4mfm
A new study of math anxiety shows how some people may be at greater risk to fear math not only because of negative experiences, but also because of genetic risks related to both general...

----------------------------------------------
** PUBLIC HEALTH News **

Obese teens with a high salt intake 'at risk of accelerated cellular aging'
http://mnt.to/l/4mhD
The protective tips of chromosomes may erode faster in obese teenagers who eat too much salt, according to new research presented at an American Heart Association meeting.

Alarming spread of drug-resistant TB threatens global health
http://mnt.to/l/4mgZ
The threat to global health posed by the spread of drug-resistant strains of tuberculosis calls for urgent action, says a briefing paper from MSF - Doctors Without Borders.

Americans struggling to afford food are also skipping medications
http://mnt.to/l/4mgW
The economy is on the up, yet a new study finds that 1 in 3 chronically ill Americans are unable to afford food, medications or both.

Annexation of Crimea will cut off 14,000 drug users from critical medical services
http://mnt.to/l/4mgR
The International HIV/AIDS Alliance has expressed alarm at the future of more than 14,000 people in Crimea who inject drugs following its annexation by Russia.

Risk factors for violent radicalization: youth, wealth and education
http://mnt.to/l/4mfP
New research from Queen Mary University of London has found youth, wealth, and being in full-time education to be risk factors associated with violent radicalisation.

Cardiologists define new heart failure symptom: Shortness of breath while bending over
http://mnt.to/l/4mfs
UT Southwestern Medical Center cardiologists have defined a novel heart failure symptom in advanced heart failure patients: shortness of breath while bending over, such as when putting on...

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** RADIOLOGY / NUCLEAR MEDICINE News **

UC Davis faculty drive efforts to improve CT safety
http://mnt.to/l/4mgP
UC Davis clinicians and physicists have recommended new strategies to make computed tomography (CT) safer, including adoption of a new metric for dose measurement, ways to manage exposure...

Electrical engineers shrink plasma devices to resist radiation
http://mnt.to/l/4mg6
University of Utah electrical engineers fabricated the smallest plasma transistors that can withstand high temperatures and ionizing radiation found in a nuclear reactor.

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** REGULATORY AFFAIRS / DRUG APPROVALS News **

FDA approves Impavido to treat tropical disease leishmaniasis
http://mnt.to/l/4mgQ
The U.S. Food and Drug Administration has approved Impavido (miltefosine) to treat a tropical disease called leishmaniasis.

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** RESPIRATORY / ASTHMA News **

Improving lung function in premature babies with high-frequency breathing support
http://mnt.to/l/4mfN
A new study led by researchers at King's College London has found that premature babies supported immediately after birth by high-frequency oscillation - a type of breathing support - had better...

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** SENIORS / AGING News **

Cognitive impairment after surgery
http://mnt.to/l/4mg5
Older persons, in particular, tend to suffer from memory lapses and other types of cognitive impairment after undergoing surgical procedures (postoperative cognitive dysfunction, POCD).

New player implicated in Alzheimer's and other dementias
http://mnt.to/l/4mfR
Why do neurodegenerative diseases such as Alzheimer's affect only the elderly? Why do some people live to be over 100 with intact cognitive function while others develop dementia decades earlier?

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** SLEEP / SLEEP DISORDERS / INSOMNIA News **

Researchers discover how our body clock reacts to environmental changes
http://mnt.to/l/4mdZ
Researchers from the UK's University of Manchester have discovered that an enzyme - CK1epsilon - controls how our body clock responds to changes in light.

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** SPORTS MEDICINE / FITNESS News **

Regular physical activity reduces breast cancer risk irrespective of age
http://mnt.to/l/4mgq
Practising sport for more than an hour a day reduces the risk of contracting breast cancer, and this applies to women of any age and any weight, and also unaffected by geographical location...

New method is a thousand times more sensitive to performance-enhancing drugs
http://mnt.to/l/4mfj
While the world's best athletes competed during last month's winter Olympics, doctors and scientists were waging a different battle behind the scenes to make sure no one had an unfair...

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** STATINS News **

13 million more Americans deemed eligible for statins
http://mnt.to/l/4mfG
New guidelines for using statins to treat high cholesterol and prevent cardiovascular disease are projected to result in 12.8 million more U.S.

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** STROKE News **

Stroke mortality increased by drinking alcohol several times a week
http://mnt.to/l/4mfV
Consuming alcohol more frequently than twice a week increases the risk of stroke mortality in men, according to a study carried out at the University of Eastern Finland.

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** TRANSPLANTS / ORGAN DONATIONS News **

Building heart tissue that beats
http://mnt.to/l/4mfh
When a heart gets damaged, such as during a major heart attack, there's no easy fix.

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** TROPICAL DISEASES News **

FDA approves Impavido to treat tropical disease leishmaniasis
http://mnt.to/l/4mgQ
The U.S. Food and Drug Administration has approved Impavido (miltefosine) to treat a tropical disease called leishmaniasis.

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** TUBERCULOSIS News **

Alarming spread of drug-resistant TB threatens global health
http://mnt.to/l/4mgZ
The threat to global health posed by the spread of drug-resistant strains of tuberculosis calls for urgent action, says a briefing paper from MSF - Doctors Without Borders.

Nanovaccines that need no-refrigeration could curb diseases in remote areas
http://mnt.to/l/4mfy
A new kind of single-dose vaccine that comes in a nasal spray and doesn't require refrigeration could dramatically alter the public health landscape - get more people vaccinated around the world...

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** UROLOGY / NEPHROLOGY News **

New lens design drastically improves kidney stone treatment
http://mnt.to/l/4mfr
Duke engineers have devised a way to improve the efficiency of lithotripsy - the demolition of kidney stones using focused shock waves.

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** WATER - AIR QUALITY / AGRICULTURE News **

Electrical engineers shrink plasma devices to resist radiation
http://mnt.to/l/4mg6
University of Utah electrical engineers fabricated the smallest plasma transistors that can withstand high temperatures and ionizing radiation found in a nuclear reactor.

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