Medical News Today daily newsletter - 26 March 2014

Dear kostik,

Welcome to today's Medical News Today newsletter, containing the most recent headlines from your chosen news categories.

----------------------------------------------
** ACID REFLUX / GERD News **

Treatment helps reduce risk of esophagus disorder progressing to cancer
http://mnt.to/l/4mmV
Among patients with the condition known as Barrett esophagus, treatment of abnormal cells with radiofrequency ablation (use of heat applied through an endoscope to destroy cells) resulted in a...

----------------------------------------------
** ALCOHOL / ADDICTION / ILLEGAL DRUGS News **

Web-based alcohol screening program shows limited effect among university students
http://mnt.to/l/4mmY
Among university students in New Zealand, a web-based alcohol screening and brief intervention program produced a modest reduction in the amount of alcohol consumed per drinking episode but not...

The role played by alcohol in traffic deaths is vastly under-reported
http://mnt.to/l/4mmc
It's no secret that drinking and driving can be a deadly mix. But the role of alcohol in U.S.

Recreational drug users who switch from ecstasy to mephedrone don't understand the dangers
http://mnt.to/l/4mm6
Contrary to popular belief among recreational drug users, mephedrone has several important differences when compared with MDMA, commonly known as ecstasy.

----------------------------------------------
** ALZHEIMER'S / DEMENTIA News **

Beneficial stress hormones in caregivers boosted by adult day-care services
http://mnt.to/l/4mmL
Family caregivers show an increase in the beneficial stress hormone DHEA-S on days when they use an adult day care service for their relatives with dementia, according to researchers at Penn...

In an experimental model, diabetes drug shows promise in reducing Alzheimer's disease
http://mnt.to/l/4mmn
Researchers from Boston University School of Medicine (BUSM) have found that the diabetic drug, pramlintide, reduces amyloid-beta peptides, a major component of Alzheimer's disease (AD) in the...

Insufficient evidence to recommend routine screening for cognitive decline. Changes to FDA approval process needed to improve safety
http://mnt.to/l/4mmb
1. USPSTF finds insufficient evidence to recommend routine screening for cognitive declineThe United States Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) found insufficient evidence to recommend...

----------------------------------------------
** ANXIETY / STRESS News **

Beneficial stress hormones in caregivers boosted by adult day-care services
http://mnt.to/l/4mmL
Family caregivers show an increase in the beneficial stress hormone DHEA-S on days when they use an adult day care service for their relatives with dementia, according to researchers at Penn...

Video glasses distract patients during procedures, keep them calm
http://mnt.to/l/4mkR
Music may soothe the soul, but it takes video to calm a patient undergoing medical treatment, notes a study in which individuals watched television shows or movies through special video glasses...

----------------------------------------------
** AUTISM News **

Evidence supports it, so why are parents still reluctant to vaccinate their children?
http://mnt.to/l/4mpv
Controversy over adverse effects of vaccines has reignited across the media recently. New studies also investigate the influence this information has on the decision to vaccinate.

----------------------------------------------
** BACK PAIN News **

Vertebral augmentation device may offer first new treatment option in a decade for individuals with compression fractures
http://mnt.to/l/4mkS
Individuals suffering from spinal fractures - caused by osteoporosis or weakened bones - now have another option to reduce pain, restore function and improve quality of life, according to a...

----------------------------------------------
** BIOLOGY / BIOCHEMISTRY News **

New generation of antibiotics may lie with small peptides
http://mnt.to/l/4mnw
The prospect of current drugs losing their power prompts a study to show how small peptides, which attack bacteria in different ways, may lead to a new generation of antibiotics.


Protein called YAP gives blood vessels strength and shape
http://mnt.to/l/4mmv
When yes-associated protein, or YAP, is deleted from vascular smooth muscle cells during development, the protein makes thin-walled blood vessels that over-dilate in response to the usual...

'Glue' holding together skin cells & other epithelial tissue more active than realized
http://mnt.to/l/4mm2
The strong mechanical attachments - the "glue" - that hold together the cells of the skin and the other epithelial tissues of the body are the adherens junctions.

----------------------------------------------
** BIPOLAR News **

First stem cell model for bipolar disorder could lead to new treatments
http://mnt.to/l/4mpd
Researchers from the University of Michigan School of Medicine have created the first stem cell model for bipolar disorder, which they say could lead to new treatments.

----------------------------------------------
** BLOOD / HEMATOLOGY News **

New enhanced microbial killing discovered in neutrophils
http://mnt.to/l/4mmw
Case Western Reserve University researchers have discovered a novel population of neutrophils, which are the body's infection control workhorses.

----------------------------------------------
** BONES / ORTHOPEDICS News **

Exercise in youth makes for stronger, bigger bones through life
http://mnt.to/l/4mnt
A new study of major league baseball players suggests that getting plenty of exercise in youth ensures bones are bigger and stronger throughout life, even into old age.

Elsevier's Maturitas publishes position statement on the management of postmenopausal women with vertebral osteoporotic fracture
http://mnt.to/l/4mmh
Elsevier, a world-leading provider of scientific, technical and medical information products and services, has announced the publication of a position statement by the European Menopause and...

Vertebral augmentation device may offer first new treatment option in a decade for individuals with compression fractures
http://mnt.to/l/4mkS
Individuals suffering from spinal fractures - caused by osteoporosis or weakened bones - now have another option to reduce pain, restore function and improve quality of life, according to a...

----------------------------------------------
** BREAST CANCER News **

The breast microbiota
http://mnt.to/l/4mmM
The female breast contains a unique population of microbes relative to the rest of the body, according to the first-ever study of the breast microbiome.

Weill Cornell scientists find gene implicated in progression and relapse of deadly breast cancer
http://mnt.to/l/4mmt
Scientists from Weill Cornell Medical College and Houston Methodist have found that a gene previously unassociated with breast cancer plays a pivotal role in the growth and progression of the...

Minimally invasive treatment may slow disease progression of metastatic breast cancer in liver while maintaining quality of life
http://mnt.to/l/4mkQ
A minimally invasive treatment that delivers cancer-killing radiation directly to tumors shows promise in treating breast cancer that has spread to the liver when no other treatment options...

----------------------------------------------
** CANCER / ONCOLOGY News **

When exposed to heat and crowded environments, unfolded proteins collapse
http://mnt.to/l/4mms
Proteins are important molecules in our body and they fulfill a broad range of functions.

Certain genetic variants may put bladder cancer patients at increased risk of cancer recurrence
http://mnt.to/l/4mm9
In the Western world, bladder cancer is the fourth most common cancer in men and the eighth most common in women, with many patients experiencing recurrence after treatment.

Invading cancer cells cut off by p53
http://mnt.to/l/4mm8
The tumor suppressor p53 does all it can to prevent oncogenes from transforming normal cells into tumor cells by killing defective cells or causing them to become inactive.

'Glue' holding together skin cells & other epithelial tissue more active than realized
http://mnt.to/l/4mm2
The strong mechanical attachments - the "glue" - that hold together the cells of the skin and the other epithelial tissues of the body are the adherens junctions.

Body fat reduced, aging slowed by deletion of FAT10 gene in mice
http://mnt.to/l/4mkZ
A single gene appears to play a crucial role in coordinating the immune system and metabolism, and deleting the gene in mice reduces body fat and extends lifespan, according to new research by...

Oncologists differ widely on offering cancer gene testing, study finds
http://mnt.to/l/4mkX
Many cancer researchers believe that cutting-edge advances in genomics will pave the way for personalized or "precision" cancer medicine for all patients in the near future.

Study identifies path to safer drugs for heart disease, cancer
http://mnt.to/l/4mkj
Massachusetts General Hospital (MGH) investigators may have found a way to solve a problem that has plagued a group of drugs called ligand-mimicking integrin inhibitors, which have the potential...

----------------------------------------------
** CARDIOVASCULAR / CARDIOLOGY News **

Study finds substantial decrease in use of cardiac imaging procedure
http://mnt.to/l/4mn6
There has been a sharp decline since 2006 in the use of nuclear myocardial perfusion imaging (MPI; an imaging procedure used to determine areas of the heart with decreased blood flow), a...

Blood glucose measure appears to provide little benefit in predicting risk of cardiovascular disease
http://mnt.to/l/4mn5
In a study that included nearly 300,000 adults without a known history of diabetes or cardiovascular disease (CVD), adding information about glycated hemoglobin (HbA 1c ), a measure of...

New measures for curbing lifetime heart disease risk
http://mnt.to/l/4mmC
A new risk calculator predicts lifetime risk of heart disease, and new recommendations are presented for the prevention of this disease, which is the number 1 killer worldwide.

IU researchers identify key molecular factors in heart development, related birth defects
http://mnt.to/l/4mmB
Researchers at the Indiana University School of Medicine have identified a series of molecular signals that control a crucial process of heart development spanning a period from shortly before...

Protein called YAP gives blood vessels strength and shape
http://mnt.to/l/4mmv
When yes-associated protein, or YAP, is deleted from vascular smooth muscle cells during development, the protein makes thin-walled blood vessels that over-dilate in response to the usual...

Study identifies path to safer drugs for heart disease, cancer
http://mnt.to/l/4mkj
Massachusetts General Hospital (MGH) investigators may have found a way to solve a problem that has plagued a group of drugs called ligand-mimicking integrin inhibitors, which have the potential...

----------------------------------------------
** CAREGIVERS / HOMECARE News **

Beneficial stress hormones in caregivers boosted by adult day-care services
http://mnt.to/l/4mmL
Family caregivers show an increase in the beneficial stress hormone DHEA-S on days when they use an adult day care service for their relatives with dementia, according to researchers at Penn...

----------------------------------------------
** CJD / VCJD / MAD COW DISEASE News **

Potential for future prevention of prion conversion and disease using heparin
http://mnt.to/l/4mkV
Prions are infectious agents responsible for neurodegenerative diseases such as bovine spongiform encephalitis (commonly known as "mad cow disease") and Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease in humans.

----------------------------------------------
** COLORECTAL CANCER News **

First treat tumors with radiotherapy to directly kill cancer cells, making immunotherapy more effective
http://mnt.to/l/4mm5
Radiation therapy fights cancer in more ways than one. Not only does it force cancer cells to self-destruct, but several studies demonstrate that it also activates the immune system to attack...

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** CONFERENCES News **

Life Sciences & Healthcare Venture Summit, April 2nd 2014, Digital Sandbox, New York City
http://mnt.to/l/4mpj
Come meet, interact and network with more than 400 VCs, Corporate VCs, angel investors, investment bankers and CEOs of early stage and emerging growth life sciences, med-tech, healthcare and...

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** COPD News **

Can cleaner cooking fuels and kitchen ventilation reduce lung disease?
http://mnt.to/l/4mmx
Biomass cooking fuels are widely used in developing countries but can cause COPD and impair lung function. A study assesses the long-term health consequences of alternative fuels.

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** DEPRESSION News **

Peptide treatment delivered through nasal passageways to treat depression
http://mnt.to/l/4mmp
A nasal spray that delivers a peptide to treat depression holds promise as a potential alternative therapeutic approach, research from the Centre for Addiction and Mental Health (CAMH) shows.

----------------------------------------------
** DERMATOLOGY News **

'Glue' holding together skin cells & other epithelial tissue more active than realized
http://mnt.to/l/4mm2
The strong mechanical attachments - the "glue" - that hold together the cells of the skin and the other epithelial tissues of the body are the adherens junctions.

Minorities would benefit from increased awareness about skin cancer
http://mnt.to/l/4mkY
More awareness about skin cancer is needed for minorities because they believe they are at low risk of developing it, says Henry Ford Hospital dermatologist Diane Jackson-Richards, M.D.

----------------------------------------------
** DIABETES News **

In an experimental model, diabetes drug shows promise in reducing Alzheimer's disease
http://mnt.to/l/4mmn
Researchers from Boston University School of Medicine (BUSM) have found that the diabetic drug, pramlintide, reduces amyloid-beta peptides, a major component of Alzheimer's disease (AD) in the...

----------------------------------------------
** EAR, NOSE AND THROAT News **

Motor learning: Lining up our sights
http://mnt.to/l/4mnc
Neurologists at Ludwig-Maximilians-Universitaet (LMU) in Munich have studied the role of the vestibular system, which controls balance, in optimizing how we direct our gaze.

----------------------------------------------
** EYE HEALTH / BLINDNESS News **

Motor learning: Lining up our sights
http://mnt.to/l/4mnc
Neurologists at Ludwig-Maximilians-Universitaet (LMU) in Munich have studied the role of the vestibular system, which controls balance, in optimizing how we direct our gaze.

----------------------------------------------
** FERTILITY News **

Sperm quality and male fertility
http://mnt.to/l/4mm7
The process of producing high-quality, fertile sperm requires many steps. A study in The Journal of Cell Biology shows how the transcription factor p73 promotes this process by regulating the...

----------------------------------------------
** GASTROINTESTINAL / GASTROENTEROLOGY News **

Treatment helps reduce risk of esophagus disorder progressing to cancer
http://mnt.to/l/4mmV
Among patients with the condition known as Barrett esophagus, treatment of abnormal cells with radiofrequency ablation (use of heat applied through an endoscope to destroy cells) resulted in a...

----------------------------------------------
** GENETICS News **

Powerful new tool for studying DNA elements that regulate genes
http://mnt.to/l/4mmS
An international team led by researchers with the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (Berkeley Lab) has developed a new technique for identifying gene enhancers - sequences of DNA that act to...

Weill Cornell scientists find gene implicated in progression and relapse of deadly breast cancer
http://mnt.to/l/4mmt
Scientists from Weill Cornell Medical College and Houston Methodist have found that a gene previously unassociated with breast cancer plays a pivotal role in the growth and progression of the...

When exposed to heat and crowded environments, unfolded proteins collapse
http://mnt.to/l/4mms
Proteins are important molecules in our body and they fulfill a broad range of functions.

Certain genetic variants may put bladder cancer patients at increased risk of cancer recurrence
http://mnt.to/l/4mm9
In the Western world, bladder cancer is the fourth most common cancer in men and the eighth most common in women, with many patients experiencing recurrence after treatment.

Invading cancer cells cut off by p53
http://mnt.to/l/4mm8
The tumor suppressor p53 does all it can to prevent oncogenes from transforming normal cells into tumor cells by killing defective cells or causing them to become inactive.

Sperm quality and male fertility
http://mnt.to/l/4mm7
The process of producing high-quality, fertile sperm requires many steps. A study in The Journal of Cell Biology shows how the transcription factor p73 promotes this process by regulating the...

Body fat reduced, aging slowed by deletion of FAT10 gene in mice
http://mnt.to/l/4mkZ
A single gene appears to play a crucial role in coordinating the immune system and metabolism, and deleting the gene in mice reduces body fat and extends lifespan, according to new research by...

Oncologists differ widely on offering cancer gene testing, study finds
http://mnt.to/l/4mkX
Many cancer researchers believe that cutting-edge advances in genomics will pave the way for personalized or "precision" cancer medicine for all patients in the near future.

Scientific breakthrough could lead to new ovarian cancer treatments
http://mnt.to/l/4mkf
The cause of a rare type of ovarian cancer that most often strikes girls and young women has been uncovered by an international research team led by the Translational Genomics Research Institute...

----------------------------------------------
** GOUT News **

Gout drug may reduce risk of death
http://mnt.to/l/4mmd
In a recently to be published study in Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases, researchers have found the use of the drug allopurinol was associated with a reduced risk of death in hyperuricemic...

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** HEALTH INSURANCE / MEDICAL INSURANCE News **

More spent on private health insurance by Canadians for smaller payouts
http://mnt.to/l/4mm3
Spending by Canadians on private health insurance has more than doubled over the past 20 years, but insurers paid out a rapidly decreasing proportion as benefits, according to a study published...

----------------------------------------------
** HEART DISEASE News **

New measures for curbing lifetime heart disease risk
http://mnt.to/l/4mmC
A new risk calculator predicts lifetime risk of heart disease, and new recommendations are presented for the prevention of this disease, which is the number 1 killer worldwide.

Study identifies path to safer drugs for heart disease, cancer
http://mnt.to/l/4mkj
Massachusetts General Hospital (MGH) investigators may have found a way to solve a problem that has plagued a group of drugs called ligand-mimicking integrin inhibitors, which have the potential...

----------------------------------------------
** HIV / AIDS News **

Disappointing test results as drugs fail to reawaken dormant HIV infection
http://mnt.to/l/4mkh
Scientists at Johns Hopkins report that compounds they hoped would "wake up" dormant reservoirs of HIV inside immune system T cells - a strategy designed to reverse latency and make the cells...

----------------------------------------------
** IMMUNE SYSTEM / VACCINES News **

Evidence supports it, so why are parents still reluctant to vaccinate their children?
http://mnt.to/l/4mpv
Controversy over adverse effects of vaccines has reignited across the media recently. New studies also investigate the influence this information has on the decision to vaccinate.

Immunotherapy data heralds new era of lung cancer treatment
http://mnt.to/l/4mmK
A new era of lung cancer therapy is close to dawning, using drugs that can prevent tumour cells from evading the immune system, experts have said at the 4th European Lung Cancer Congress.

New enhanced microbial killing discovered in neutrophils
http://mnt.to/l/4mmw
Case Western Reserve University researchers have discovered a novel population of neutrophils, which are the body's infection control workhorses.

First treat tumors with radiotherapy to directly kill cancer cells, making immunotherapy more effective
http://mnt.to/l/4mm5
Radiation therapy fights cancer in more ways than one. Not only does it force cancer cells to self-destruct, but several studies demonstrate that it also activates the immune system to attack...

Disappointing test results as drugs fail to reawaken dormant HIV infection
http://mnt.to/l/4mkh
Scientists at Johns Hopkins report that compounds they hoped would "wake up" dormant reservoirs of HIV inside immune system T cells - a strategy designed to reverse latency and make the cells...

----------------------------------------------
** INFECTIOUS DISEASES / BACTERIA / VIRUSES News **

New generation of antibiotics may lie with small peptides
http://mnt.to/l/4mnw
The prospect of current drugs losing their power prompts a study to show how small peptides, which attack bacteria in different ways, may lead to a new generation of antibiotics.


The breast microbiota
http://mnt.to/l/4mmM
The female breast contains a unique population of microbes relative to the rest of the body, according to the first-ever study of the breast microbiome.

New enhanced microbial killing discovered in neutrophils
http://mnt.to/l/4mmw
Case Western Reserve University researchers have discovered a novel population of neutrophils, which are the body's infection control workhorses.

Mice are reservoirs for tick-borne pathogens, amplify risk of Lyme disease and other tick-borne ailments
http://mnt.to/l/4mmr
People living in northern and central parts of the U.S. are more likely to contract Lyme disease and other tick-borne ailments when white-footed mice are abundant.

Researchers take mathematical route to fighting viruses
http://mnt.to/l/4mmm
Mathematicians at the University of York have joined forces with experimentalists at the University of Leeds to take an important step in discovering how viruses make new copies of themselves...

Low dose injections of artificial properdin provide substantial protection against septic diseases in mice
http://mnt.to/l/4mmf
"I am really excited about this landmark discovery. We demonstrate that boosting the innate immune system can have a significant impact on the body's ability to defend itself against...

----------------------------------------------
** IT / INTERNET / E-MAIL News **

Web-based alcohol screening program shows limited effect among university students
http://mnt.to/l/4mmY
Among university students in New Zealand, a web-based alcohol screening and brief intervention program produced a modest reduction in the amount of alcohol consumed per drinking episode but not...

Patient enrollment, use, and satisfaction with patient portals
http://mnt.to/l/4mmQ
Many physicians are adopting patient portals in response to governmental incentives for meaningful use (MU), but the stage 2 requirements for portal use may be particularly challenging for newer...

When exposed to heat and crowded environments, unfolded proteins collapse
http://mnt.to/l/4mms
Proteins are important molecules in our body and they fulfill a broad range of functions.

----------------------------------------------
** LIVER DISEASE / HEPATITIS News **

Greater distance from transplant center associated with lower likelihood of receiving liver transplant, higher risk of death among U.S. veterans
http://mnt.to/l/4mn3
Among veterans meeting eligibility for liver transplantation, greater distance from a Veterans Affairs transplant center or any transplant center was associated with lower likelihood of being...

Minimally invasive treatment may slow disease progression of metastatic breast cancer in liver while maintaining quality of life
http://mnt.to/l/4mkQ
A minimally invasive treatment that delivers cancer-killing radiation directly to tumors shows promise in treating breast cancer that has spread to the liver when no other treatment options...

----------------------------------------------
** LUNG CANCER News **

Immunotherapy data heralds new era of lung cancer treatment
http://mnt.to/l/4mmK
A new era of lung cancer therapy is close to dawning, using drugs that can prevent tumour cells from evading the immune system, experts have said at the 4th European Lung Cancer Congress.

New technology sheds light on protein interactions, points to better lung cancer therapy
http://mnt.to/l/4mkW
Scientists have a better way to study human proteins - large molecules that are part of every cell in the body - thanks to a new technology developed by University of Toronto researchers.

----------------------------------------------
** MEDICAL DEVICES / DIAGNOSTICS News **

Study finds substantial decrease in use of cardiac imaging procedure
http://mnt.to/l/4mn6
There has been a sharp decline since 2006 in the use of nuclear myocardial perfusion imaging (MPI; an imaging procedure used to determine areas of the heart with decreased blood flow), a...

Blood glucose measure appears to provide little benefit in predicting risk of cardiovascular disease
http://mnt.to/l/4mn5
In a study that included nearly 300,000 adults without a known history of diabetes or cardiovascular disease (CVD), adding information about glycated hemoglobin (HbA 1c ), a measure of...

New measures for curbing lifetime heart disease risk
http://mnt.to/l/4mmC
A new risk calculator predicts lifetime risk of heart disease, and new recommendations are presented for the prevention of this disease, which is the number 1 killer worldwide.

Insufficient evidence to recommend routine screening for cognitive decline. Changes to FDA approval process needed to improve safety
http://mnt.to/l/4mmb
1. USPSTF finds insufficient evidence to recommend routine screening for cognitive declineThe United States Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) found insufficient evidence to recommend...

New technology sheds light on protein interactions, points to better lung cancer therapy
http://mnt.to/l/4mkW
Scientists have a better way to study human proteins - large molecules that are part of every cell in the body - thanks to a new technology developed by University of Toronto researchers.

Vertebral augmentation device may offer first new treatment option in a decade for individuals with compression fractures
http://mnt.to/l/4mkS
Individuals suffering from spinal fractures - caused by osteoporosis or weakened bones - now have another option to reduce pain, restore function and improve quality of life, according to a...

----------------------------------------------
** MEDICARE / MEDICAID / SCHIP News **

Patient enrollment, use, and satisfaction with patient portals
http://mnt.to/l/4mmQ
Many physicians are adopting patient portals in response to governmental incentives for meaningful use (MU), but the stage 2 requirements for portal use may be particularly challenging for newer...

----------------------------------------------
** MELANOMA / SKIN CANCER News **

Minorities would benefit from increased awareness about skin cancer
http://mnt.to/l/4mkY
More awareness about skin cancer is needed for minorities because they believe they are at low risk of developing it, says Henry Ford Hospital dermatologist Diane Jackson-Richards, M.D.

----------------------------------------------
** MEN'S HEALTH News **

One in 10 male, same-sex Craigslist ads seek men who don't identify as gay
http://mnt.to/l/4mmH
Online sexual hook-ups present a unique opportunity to explore many factors of decision-making that inform sexual health.

Sperm quality and male fertility
http://mnt.to/l/4mm7
The process of producing high-quality, fertile sperm requires many steps. A study in The Journal of Cell Biology shows how the transcription factor p73 promotes this process by regulating the...

----------------------------------------------
** MENOPAUSE News **

Elsevier's Maturitas publishes position statement on the management of postmenopausal women with vertebral osteoporotic fracture
http://mnt.to/l/4mmh
Elsevier, a world-leading provider of scientific, technical and medical information products and services, has announced the publication of a position statement by the European Menopause and...

----------------------------------------------
** MENTAL HEALTH News **

Suicide more likely in frequent-attenders at GPs
http://mnt.to/l/4mmR
Patients who visited their GP more than twice per month over a year were 12 times more likely to die by suicide, new research by The University of Manchester found.

----------------------------------------------
** MRSA / DRUG RESISTANCE News **

More effort needed to fight hospital infections, say CDC
http://mnt.to/l/4mph
According to the CDC, around 722,000 infections contracted during a hospital stay occur annually in the US, a number revealing that more work is needed to improve patient safety.

New generation of antibiotics may lie with small peptides
http://mnt.to/l/4mnw
The prospect of current drugs losing their power prompts a study to show how small peptides, which attack bacteria in different ways, may lead to a new generation of antibiotics.


----------------------------------------------
** MUSCULAR DYSTROPHY / ALS News **

Potential for future prevention of prion conversion and disease using heparin
http://mnt.to/l/4mkV
Prions are infectious agents responsible for neurodegenerative diseases such as bovine spongiform encephalitis (commonly known as "mad cow disease") and Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease in humans.

----------------------------------------------
** NEUROLOGY / NEUROSCIENCE News **

First stem cell model for bipolar disorder could lead to new treatments
http://mnt.to/l/4mpd
Researchers from the University of Michigan School of Medicine have created the first stem cell model for bipolar disorder, which they say could lead to new treatments.

Motor learning: Lining up our sights
http://mnt.to/l/4mnc
Neurologists at Ludwig-Maximilians-Universitaet (LMU) in Munich have studied the role of the vestibular system, which controls balance, in optimizing how we direct our gaze.

New technique provides method to noninvasively measure human neural networks in order to characterize how they form
http://mnt.to/l/4mmJ
Using spatial light interference microscopy (SLIM) techniques developed by Gabriel Popescu, director of the lab, the researchers were able to show for the first time how human embryonic stem...

New depths of complexity in nerve cells discovered
http://mnt.to/l/4mmG
Research from the Oklahoma Medical Research Foundation reveals a new complexity to nerve cells in the brain that could affect future therapies aimed at altering mood and memory in humans.

In an experimental model, diabetes drug shows promise in reducing Alzheimer's disease
http://mnt.to/l/4mmn
Researchers from Boston University School of Medicine (BUSM) have found that the diabetic drug, pramlintide, reduces amyloid-beta peptides, a major component of Alzheimer's disease (AD) in the...

Study strengthens the case for specialized brain mechanisms for recognizing faces
http://mnt.to/l/4mmk
When it comes to recognizing faces, humans are extraordinarily skillful. It's no surprise - after all, from the moment humans leave the womb, the infant brains already have a preference for...

Low dose injections of artificial properdin provide substantial protection against septic diseases in mice
http://mnt.to/l/4mmf
"I am really excited about this landmark discovery. We demonstrate that boosting the innate immune system can have a significant impact on the body's ability to defend itself against...

----------------------------------------------
** NUTRITION / DIET News **

What are the health benefits of peaches?
http://mnt.to/l/4mpw
Learn about the potential health benefits of peaches, including the ability to help kill breast cancer cells, reduce wrinkles, maintain eyesight and support heart health.

Availability of sugar-sweetened beverages in schools increases odds of adolescent obesity
http://mnt.to/l/4mn9
The availability and consumption of sugar-sweetened beverages (SSBs) in secondary schools is associated with higher adolescent obesity rates in British Columbia (BC), Canada, according to a...

Carrying extra weight could be healthier for older people
http://mnt.to/l/4mmN
Older people with a BMI (body mass index) in the overweight range live longer, according to the results of a new study.

Elderly women may benefit from higher amounts of protein
http://mnt.to/l/4mmz
Elderly women could benefit from consuming 29 percent more protein than the current nutrition guidelines recommend, according to new research from Purdue University.

Weight loss: counting calories more important than 'eating little and often'
http://mnt.to/l/4mkH
Though the advice of eating many small meals throughout the day has been widely spread in nutrition circles, researchers suggest this method does not encourage weight loss.

----------------------------------------------
** OBESITY / WEIGHT LOSS / FITNESS News **

Availability of sugar-sweetened beverages in schools increases odds of adolescent obesity
http://mnt.to/l/4mn9
The availability and consumption of sugar-sweetened beverages (SSBs) in secondary schools is associated with higher adolescent obesity rates in British Columbia (BC), Canada, according to a...

Children's physical activity influenced by their mothers
http://mnt.to/l/4mm4
Parents are strong influences in the lives of young children, with patterns of behaviour established in the early years laying the foundation for future choices.

Body fat reduced, aging slowed by deletion of FAT10 gene in mice
http://mnt.to/l/4mkZ
A single gene appears to play a crucial role in coordinating the immune system and metabolism, and deleting the gene in mice reduces body fat and extends lifespan, according to new research by...

Weight loss: counting calories more important than 'eating little and often'
http://mnt.to/l/4mkH
Though the advice of eating many small meals throughout the day has been widely spread in nutrition circles, researchers suggest this method does not encourage weight loss.

----------------------------------------------
** OVARIAN CANCER News **

Scientific breakthrough could lead to new ovarian cancer treatments
http://mnt.to/l/4mkf
The cause of a rare type of ovarian cancer that most often strikes girls and young women has been uncovered by an international research team led by the Translational Genomics Research Institute...

----------------------------------------------
** PARKINSON'S DISEASE News **

Potential for future prevention of prion conversion and disease using heparin
http://mnt.to/l/4mkV
Prions are infectious agents responsible for neurodegenerative diseases such as bovine spongiform encephalitis (commonly known as "mad cow disease") and Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease in humans.

----------------------------------------------
** PEDIATRICS / CHILDREN'S HEALTH News **

Exercise in youth makes for stronger, bigger bones through life
http://mnt.to/l/4mnt
A new study of major league baseball players suggests that getting plenty of exercise in youth ensures bones are bigger and stronger throughout life, even into old age.

Availability of sugar-sweetened beverages in schools increases odds of adolescent obesity
http://mnt.to/l/4mn9
The availability and consumption of sugar-sweetened beverages (SSBs) in secondary schools is associated with higher adolescent obesity rates in British Columbia (BC), Canada, according to a...

Children's physical activity influenced by their mothers
http://mnt.to/l/4mm4
Parents are strong influences in the lives of young children, with patterns of behaviour established in the early years laying the foundation for future choices.

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** PRIMARY CARE / GENERAL PRACTICE News **

Suicide more likely in frequent-attenders at GPs
http://mnt.to/l/4mmR
Patients who visited their GP more than twice per month over a year were 12 times more likely to die by suicide, new research by The University of Manchester found.

Patient enrollment, use, and satisfaction with patient portals
http://mnt.to/l/4mmQ
Many physicians are adopting patient portals in response to governmental incentives for meaningful use (MU), but the stage 2 requirements for portal use may be particularly challenging for newer...

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** PROSTATE / PROSTATE CANCER News **

For nonsurgical prostate artery embolization, prostate size, severe symptoms not a barrier to success
http://mnt.to/l/4mkT
Shrinking the prostate without surgery can provide long-term relief to men with this common condition that causes annoying symptoms, such as frequent trips to the bathroom, suggests a study of...

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** PSYCHOLOGY / PSYCHIATRY News **

One in 10 male, same-sex Craigslist ads seek men who don't identify as gay
http://mnt.to/l/4mmH
Online sexual hook-ups present a unique opportunity to explore many factors of decision-making that inform sexual health.

New depths of complexity in nerve cells discovered
http://mnt.to/l/4mmG
Research from the Oklahoma Medical Research Foundation reveals a new complexity to nerve cells in the brain that could affect future therapies aimed at altering mood and memory in humans.

Study strengthens the case for specialized brain mechanisms for recognizing faces
http://mnt.to/l/4mmk
When it comes to recognizing faces, humans are extraordinarily skillful. It's no surprise - after all, from the moment humans leave the womb, the infant brains already have a preference for...

Burnout a greater risk for fair bosses
http://mnt.to/l/4mmj
Bosses who are fair make their workers happier and their companies more productive, but in the end may be burning themselves out.A new study led by Michigan State University's Russell E.

Video glasses distract patients during procedures, keep them calm
http://mnt.to/l/4mkR
Music may soothe the soul, but it takes video to calm a patient undergoing medical treatment, notes a study in which individuals watched television shows or movies through special video glasses...

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** PUBLIC HEALTH News **

Evidence supports it, so why are parents still reluctant to vaccinate their children?
http://mnt.to/l/4mpv
Controversy over adverse effects of vaccines has reignited across the media recently. New studies also investigate the influence this information has on the decision to vaccinate.

More effort needed to fight hospital infections, say CDC
http://mnt.to/l/4mph
According to the CDC, around 722,000 infections contracted during a hospital stay occur annually in the US, a number revealing that more work is needed to improve patient safety.

Moving public assistance payments from cash to plastic cuts crime
http://mnt.to/l/4mmP
Counties that change their delivery of public assistance benefits from paper checks to an Electronic Benefit Transfer (EBT) system - using debit cards - see their street crimes drop...

Can cleaner cooking fuels and kitchen ventilation reduce lung disease?
http://mnt.to/l/4mmx
Biomass cooking fuels are widely used in developing countries but can cause COPD and impair lung function. A study assesses the long-term health consequences of alternative fuels.

The role played by alcohol in traffic deaths is vastly under-reported
http://mnt.to/l/4mmc
It's no secret that drinking and driving can be a deadly mix. But the role of alcohol in U.S.

Weight loss: counting calories more important than 'eating little and often'
http://mnt.to/l/4mkH
Though the advice of eating many small meals throughout the day has been widely spread in nutrition circles, researchers suggest this method does not encourage weight loss.

Warmer summers in Southeast England likely to lead to an increase in deaths
http://mnt.to/l/4mkg
Warmer summers brought on by climate change will cause more deaths in London and southeast England than the rest of the country, scientists predict.

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** RADIOLOGY / NUCLEAR MEDICINE News **

Study finds substantial decrease in use of cardiac imaging procedure
http://mnt.to/l/4mn6
There has been a sharp decline since 2006 in the use of nuclear myocardial perfusion imaging (MPI; an imaging procedure used to determine areas of the heart with decreased blood flow), a...

First treat tumors with radiotherapy to directly kill cancer cells, making immunotherapy more effective
http://mnt.to/l/4mm5
Radiation therapy fights cancer in more ways than one. Not only does it force cancer cells to self-destruct, but several studies demonstrate that it also activates the immune system to attack...

For nonsurgical prostate artery embolization, prostate size, severe symptoms not a barrier to success
http://mnt.to/l/4mkT
Shrinking the prostate without surgery can provide long-term relief to men with this common condition that causes annoying symptoms, such as frequent trips to the bathroom, suggests a study of...

Video glasses distract patients during procedures, keep them calm
http://mnt.to/l/4mkR
Music may soothe the soul, but it takes video to calm a patient undergoing medical treatment, notes a study in which individuals watched television shows or movies through special video glasses...

Minimally invasive treatment may slow disease progression of metastatic breast cancer in liver while maintaining quality of life
http://mnt.to/l/4mkQ
A minimally invasive treatment that delivers cancer-killing radiation directly to tumors shows promise in treating breast cancer that has spread to the liver when no other treatment options...

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** REGULATORY AFFAIRS / DRUG APPROVALS News **

Insufficient evidence to recommend routine screening for cognitive decline. Changes to FDA approval process needed to improve safety
http://mnt.to/l/4mmb
1. USPSTF finds insufficient evidence to recommend routine screening for cognitive declineThe United States Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) found insufficient evidence to recommend...

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** RESPIRATORY / ASTHMA News **

Tracheal bioengineering should be shown to be effective and safe before further transplants
http://mnt.to/l/4mmD
Reports of the two earliest tissue-engineered whole organ transplants using a windpipe, or trachea, created using the patient's own stem cells, were hailed as a breakthrough for regenerative...

Low dose injections of artificial properdin provide substantial protection against septic diseases in mice
http://mnt.to/l/4mmf
"I am really excited about this landmark discovery. We demonstrate that boosting the innate immune system can have a significant impact on the body's ability to defend itself against...

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** SENIORS / AGING News **

Carrying extra weight could be healthier for older people
http://mnt.to/l/4mmN
Older people with a BMI (body mass index) in the overweight range live longer, according to the results of a new study.

Elderly women may benefit from higher amounts of protein
http://mnt.to/l/4mmz
Elderly women could benefit from consuming 29 percent more protein than the current nutrition guidelines recommend, according to new research from Purdue University.

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** SEXUAL HEALTH / STDS News **

One in 10 male, same-sex Craigslist ads seek men who don't identify as gay
http://mnt.to/l/4mmH
Online sexual hook-ups present a unique opportunity to explore many factors of decision-making that inform sexual health.

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** SMOKING / QUIT SMOKING News **

Uneven progress among counties emphasizes the need for expanded tobacco control
http://mnt.to/l/4mkP
Nationally, smoking rates have decreased since 1996, but the declines have been driven by a relatively small share of counties across the US, according to new research from the Institute for...

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** SPORTS MEDICINE / FITNESS News **

Exercise in youth makes for stronger, bigger bones through life
http://mnt.to/l/4mnt
A new study of major league baseball players suggests that getting plenty of exercise in youth ensures bones are bigger and stronger throughout life, even into old age.

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** STEM CELL RESEARCH News **

First stem cell model for bipolar disorder could lead to new treatments
http://mnt.to/l/4mpd
Researchers from the University of Michigan School of Medicine have created the first stem cell model for bipolar disorder, which they say could lead to new treatments.

Powerful new tool for studying DNA elements that regulate genes
http://mnt.to/l/4mmS
An international team led by researchers with the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (Berkeley Lab) has developed a new technique for identifying gene enhancers - sequences of DNA that act to...

New technique provides method to noninvasively measure human neural networks in order to characterize how they form
http://mnt.to/l/4mmJ
Using spatial light interference microscopy (SLIM) techniques developed by Gabriel Popescu, director of the lab, the researchers were able to show for the first time how human embryonic stem...

Leading surgeons warn against media hype about tracheal regeneration
http://mnt.to/l/4mmF
Reports of the two earliest tissue-engineered whole organ transplants using a windpipe, or trachea, created using the patient's own stem cells, were hailed as a breakthrough for regenerative...

Tracheal bioengineering should be shown to be effective and safe before further transplants
http://mnt.to/l/4mmD
Reports of the two earliest tissue-engineered whole organ transplants using a windpipe, or trachea, created using the patient's own stem cells, were hailed as a breakthrough for regenerative...

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** TRANSPLANTS / ORGAN DONATIONS News **

Greater distance from transplant center associated with lower likelihood of receiving liver transplant, higher risk of death among U.S. veterans
http://mnt.to/l/4mn3
Among veterans meeting eligibility for liver transplantation, greater distance from a Veterans Affairs transplant center or any transplant center was associated with lower likelihood of being...

Leading surgeons warn against media hype about tracheal regeneration
http://mnt.to/l/4mmF
Reports of the two earliest tissue-engineered whole organ transplants using a windpipe, or trachea, created using the patient's own stem cells, were hailed as a breakthrough for regenerative...

Tracheal bioengineering should be shown to be effective and safe before further transplants
http://mnt.to/l/4mmD
Reports of the two earliest tissue-engineered whole organ transplants using a windpipe, or trachea, created using the patient's own stem cells, were hailed as a breakthrough for regenerative...

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** UROLOGY / NEPHROLOGY News **

Certain genetic variants may put bladder cancer patients at increased risk of cancer recurrence
http://mnt.to/l/4mm9
In the Western world, bladder cancer is the fourth most common cancer in men and the eighth most common in women, with many patients experiencing recurrence after treatment.

For nonsurgical prostate artery embolization, prostate size, severe symptoms not a barrier to success
http://mnt.to/l/4mkT
Shrinking the prostate without surgery can provide long-term relief to men with this common condition that causes annoying symptoms, such as frequent trips to the bathroom, suggests a study of...

----------------------------------------------
** VASCULAR News **

Protein called YAP gives blood vessels strength and shape
http://mnt.to/l/4mmv
When yes-associated protein, or YAP, is deleted from vascular smooth muscle cells during development, the protein makes thin-walled blood vessels that over-dilate in response to the usual...

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** VETERANS / EX-SERVICEMEN News **

Greater distance from transplant center associated with lower likelihood of receiving liver transplant, higher risk of death among U.S. veterans
http://mnt.to/l/4mn3
Among veterans meeting eligibility for liver transplantation, greater distance from a Veterans Affairs transplant center or any transplant center was associated with lower likelihood of being...

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** WOMEN'S HEALTH / GYNECOLOGY News **

Elderly women may benefit from higher amounts of protein
http://mnt.to/l/4mmz
Elderly women could benefit from consuming 29 percent more protein than the current nutrition guidelines recommend, according to new research from Purdue University.

Elsevier's Maturitas publishes position statement on the management of postmenopausal women with vertebral osteoporotic fracture
http://mnt.to/l/4mmh
Elsevier, a world-leading provider of scientific, technical and medical information products and services, has announced the publication of a position statement by the European Menopause and...

Children's physical activity influenced by their mothers
http://mnt.to/l/4mm4
Parents are strong influences in the lives of young children, with patterns of behaviour established in the early years laying the foundation for future choices.

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