Medical News Today daily newsletter - 31 March 2014

Dear kostik,

Welcome to today's Medical News Today newsletter, containing the most recent headlines from your chosen news categories.

----------------------------------------------
** ALCOHOL / ADDICTION / ILLEGAL DRUGS News **

Scientists pinpoint neurons where select memories grow
http://mnt.to/l/4mrf
Memories are difficult to produce, often fragile, and dependent on any number of factors - including changes to various types of nerves.

----------------------------------------------
** ALZHEIMER'S / DEMENTIA News **

Anavex reports predicted clinical effect of both ANAVEX 2-73 and ANAVEX PLUS in a humanized cortical cognitive model for Alzheimer's disease
http://mnt.to/l/4msH
Anavex Life Sciences Corp., a clinical stage biopharmaceutical company developing novel drug candidates to treat Alzheimer's, diseases of the central nervous system (CNS) and various types of...

Potential target identified for treating mitochondrial disorders
http://mnt.to/l/4mrg
Mitochondria, long known as "cellular power plants" for their generation of the key energy source adenosine triphosphate (ATP), are essential for proper cellular functions.

----------------------------------------------
** ANXIETY / STRESS News **

Coping strategies, social circumstances and personality traits that help people through IVF treatment
http://mnt.to/l/4mrH
The whole 'infertility journey' is an emotional rollercoaster and whilst IVF treatment might be successful for some, not knowing if you will be in the 25 per cent who become pregnant demands...

The antidepressant effect of Seroxat enhanced by acupuncture
http://mnt.to/l/4mrx
Acupuncture is more effective than oral antidepressants in improving depressive symptoms, and produces fewer side effects than tricyclic antidepressants.

----------------------------------------------
** AUTISM News **

LA BioMed launches study of MDMA-assisted therapy for social anxiety in autistic adults
http://mnt.to/l/4msv
Seeking new therapies for the treatment of social anxiety in autistic adults, researchers at the Los Angeles Biomedical Research Institute (LA BioMed) has announced that they are initiating a...

----------------------------------------------
** BIOLOGY / BIOCHEMISTRY News **

Cells measure surface area to know when to divide
http://mnt.to/l/4mqY
One of the scientists who revealed how plants "do maths" can now reveal how cells take measurements of size. Size is important to cells as it determines when they divide.

----------------------------------------------
** BIPOLAR News **

Inspiration linked to bipolar disorder risk
http://mnt.to/l/4msp
Inspiration has been linked with people at risk of developing bipolar disorder for the first time in a study led by Lancaster University.

----------------------------------------------
** BLOOD / HEMATOLOGY News **

Blood Clot Alliance asks Congress for $4 million to save 100,000 lives a year
http://mnt.to/l/4msn
The National Blood Clot Alliance (NBCA) is calling on Congress for $4 million in each of the next five years to support better awareness and avoidance of blood clots.

----------------------------------------------
** BONES / ORTHOPEDICS News **

Dietary guidelines for choline may be insufficient
http://mnt.to/l/4mrX
New research suggests that genetic variations influence the risk of developing symptoms of choline deficiency and determine the propensity of liver or muscle damage outcomesWhat is now...

Professionals are divided over best care for hip fracture patients, latest audit results show
http://mnt.to/l/4mpx
The latest report from the Falls and Fragility Fracture Programme (FFFAP) National Hip Fracture Database (NHFD) shows that just over half of patients are receiving pain relieving anaesthetic...

----------------------------------------------
** BREAST CANCER News **

Queen's University discovery signals new treatment for women at high risk of breast and ovarian cancer
http://mnt.to/l/4msm
Cancer researchers at Queen's University Belfast have made a breakthrough which could signal new treatments for women at high risk of breast and ovarian cancer.

Novel study into breast cancer origins paves way for personalised treatment
http://mnt.to/l/4msg
Breast cancers can look and behave very differently. Understanding why and how they do so is key to designing more tailored therapies for patients and sparing them unnecessary treatments.

New finding could lead to more accurate breast cancer prognosis
http://mnt.to/l/4mrZ
The stiffening of breast tissue in breast-cancer development points to a new way to distinguish a type of breast cancer with a poor prognosis from a related, but often less deadly type, UC San...

Discovery signals new treatment for those at high risk of breast and ovarian cancer
http://mnt.to/l/4mrY
Cancer researchers at Queen's University Belfast have made a breakthrough which could signal new treatments for women at high risk of breast and ovarian cancer.

Chemotherapy may be assisted by natural plant compounds
http://mnt.to/l/4mqX
Researchers at Plant & Food Research have identified plant compounds present in carrots and parsley that may one day support more effective delivery of chemotherapy treatments.

----------------------------------------------
** CANCER / ONCOLOGY News **

Organic food does not reduce women's risk of cancer
http://mnt.to/l/4mtq
Researchers who compared women who never eat organic food - food grown free of pesticides - with women who only or mostly do found no difference in overall cancer risk.

Improving understanding of circadian clock mechanisms
http://mnt.to/l/4mrs
You've switched to the night shift and your weight skyrockets, or you wake at 7 a.m. on weekdays but sleep until noon on weekends - a social jet lag that can fog your Saturday and Sunday.

Closely observing the multiplication of cells
http://mnt.to/l/4mrj
Our cells must grow and divide optimally to ensure that our bodies functions properly.

Potential target identified for treating mitochondrial disorders
http://mnt.to/l/4mrg
Mitochondria, long known as "cellular power plants" for their generation of the key energy source adenosine triphosphate (ATP), are essential for proper cellular functions.

Cancer biologists link tumor suppressor gene to stem cells
http://mnt.to/l/4mr9
Just as archeologists try to decipher ancient tablets to discern their meaning, UT Southwestern Medical Center cancer biologists are working to decode the purpose of an ancient gene considered...

Researchers explore function of cancer-causing gene
http://mnt.to/l/4mr3
Developmental biologists at the University of Georgia are discovering new roles for a specific gene known as Max's Giant Associated protein, or MGA.

Chemotherapy may be assisted by natural plant compounds
http://mnt.to/l/4mqX
Researchers at Plant & Food Research have identified plant compounds present in carrots and parsley that may one day support more effective delivery of chemotherapy treatments.

----------------------------------------------
** CARDIOVASCULAR / CARDIOLOGY News **

Spring forward, heart attack: daylight savings ups cardiac risks
http://mnt.to/l/4mtQ
We recently turned our clocks forward by an hour for spring, but new research suggests certain at-risk individuals may be more likely to have a heart attack after the time change.

Marriage linked to reduced risk of cardiovascular disease
http://mnt.to/l/4mtL
Researchers from the NYU Langone Medical Center analyzed surveys of more than 3.5 million Americans to find that married people have a much lower risk of cardiovascular disease.

Statin use guidelines for cholesterol vary in US and Europe
http://mnt.to/l/4msV
New research suggests that because clinicians follow varying cholesterol guidelines, this is leading to differences in statin use recommendations for the general population.

Heart attack patients may benefit from delayed stenting
http://mnt.to/l/4msN
Specialists at the Golden Jubilee National Hospital have shown that in 'high risk' heart attack patients, after blood flow has been restored in the blocked artery, delaying putting a stent could...

Analysis of state efforts show dramatic gains in reducing airborne particulate matter
http://mnt.to/l/4ms3
National efforts in the last decade to clear the air of dangerous particulate matter have been so successful that most urban areas have already attained the next benchmark, according to new...

Men with HIV have a greater risk and extent of coronary artery disease
http://mnt.to/l/4mrD
Men with HIV have a greater risk for coronary artery disease (CAD) and have more severe disease than uninfected men, according to an article being published in Annals of Internal Medicine.

Some heart failure patients benefit from artificial hearts, though risks remain
http://mnt.to/l/4mrC
The largest single-center study of patients implanted with a total artificial heart finds the device may help patients in severe heart failure survive until they can receive a heart transplant...

Heart attack survival rates lag behind in the South of the United States despite overall improvements nationwide
http://mnt.to/l/4mrB
Although heart attack death has declined across all regions of the United States, it is proportionately higher in the South, possibly related to the uneven distribution of socioeconomic and...

----------------------------------------------
** CHOLESTEROL News **

Statins may improve erectile function in men with high cholesterol
http://mnt.to/l/4mtN
It is common for older men with poor cardiovascular health to lose sexual function. However, a new study finds that statins are an effective treatment for both problems.

----------------------------------------------
** CLINICAL TRIALS / DRUG TRIALS News **

Anavex reports predicted clinical effect of both ANAVEX 2-73 and ANAVEX PLUS in a humanized cortical cognitive model for Alzheimer's disease
http://mnt.to/l/4msH
Anavex Life Sciences Corp., a clinical stage biopharmaceutical company developing novel drug candidates to treat Alzheimer's, diseases of the central nervous system (CNS) and various types of...

Synthon announces successful outcome of the Phase III GATE study with its generic Glatiramer Acetate
http://mnt.to/l/4mrP
Synthon has announced that the company's glatiramer acetate met the main endpoint of a late-stage study in patients with relapsing remitting multiple sclerosis (RRMS).

Study questions accuracy of results reported on government database and peer-review journals
http://mnt.to/l/4mrJ
Discrepancies are common between results reported on the ClinicalTrials.gov results database and those published in peer-reviewed medical journals, according to a study published in...

----------------------------------------------
** COMPLEMENTARY MEDICINE / ALTERNATIVE MEDICINE News **

LA BioMed launches study of MDMA-assisted therapy for social anxiety in autistic adults
http://mnt.to/l/4msv
Seeking new therapies for the treatment of social anxiety in autistic adults, researchers at the Los Angeles Biomedical Research Institute (LA BioMed) has announced that they are initiating a...

The antidepressant effect of Seroxat enhanced by acupuncture
http://mnt.to/l/4mrx
Acupuncture is more effective than oral antidepressants in improving depressive symptoms, and produces fewer side effects than tricyclic antidepressants.

----------------------------------------------
** CONFERENCES News **

2nd Annual Next Generation Sequencing Data Congress, 19th & 20th May, London
http://mnt.to/l/4mtK
Who is Speaking at Oxford Global's Next Generation Sequencing Data Congress?

----------------------------------------------
** CROHN'S / IBD News **

New diagnostic test for bowel diseases
http://mnt.to/l/4mrh
A novel method for distinguishing different types of bowel disease using the stool samples of patients has been created by a group of researchers in the UK.

----------------------------------------------
** DEPRESSION News **

Chinese herbal treatment for vascular depression
http://mnt.to/l/4mry
The Chinese compound Kaixin Jieyu Fang can be used to treat vascular depression; however, the underlying mechanism remains unclear.

The antidepressant effect of Seroxat enhanced by acupuncture
http://mnt.to/l/4mrx
Acupuncture is more effective than oral antidepressants in improving depressive symptoms, and produces fewer side effects than tricyclic antidepressants.

Risk of kidney failure in diabetics nearly doubled by major depression
http://mnt.to/l/4mrq
Major depression may increase diabetes patients' risk of developing kidney failure, according to a study appearing in an upcoming issue of the Clinical Journal of the American Society of...

----------------------------------------------
** DIABETES News **

Stronger kids have lower risks for diabetes and heart disease
http://mnt.to/l/4msF
Adolescents with greater strength-to-body-mass ratios have significantly lower risks of diabetes and heart disease, researchers say, who publish their results in Pediatrics.

Australia's Generation X could overtake Baby Boomers for poor health
http://mnt.to/l/4mrz
Researchers at the University of Adelaide have confirmed that if current trends continue, Australia's Generation X will overtake Baby Boomers for poor health, including rates of obesity and...

Risk of kidney failure in diabetics nearly doubled by major depression
http://mnt.to/l/4mrq
Major depression may increase diabetes patients' risk of developing kidney failure, according to a study appearing in an upcoming issue of the Clinical Journal of the American Society of...

Kidney disease caused by diabetes may be prevented by autoimmune drug
http://mnt.to/l/4mrp
A drug currently used to treat autoimmune disease may also help prevent the kidney-damaging effects of diabetes, according to a study appearing in an upcoming issue of the Journal of the...

----------------------------------------------
** ERECTILE DYSFUNCTION / PREMATURE EJACULATION News **

Statins may improve erectile function in men with high cholesterol
http://mnt.to/l/4mtN
It is common for older men with poor cardiovascular health to lose sexual function. However, a new study finds that statins are an effective treatment for both problems.

----------------------------------------------
** FERTILITY News **

Coping strategies, social circumstances and personality traits that help people through IVF treatment
http://mnt.to/l/4mrH
The whole 'infertility journey' is an emotional rollercoaster and whilst IVF treatment might be successful for some, not knowing if you will be in the 25 per cent who become pregnant demands...

----------------------------------------------
** FLU / COLD / SARS News **

New study shows flu vaccine reduced children's risk of intensive care unit flu admission by three-fourths
http://mnt.to/l/4msk
Getting a flu vaccine reduces a child's risk of flu-related intensive care hospitalization by 74 percent, according to a CDC study published in the Journal of Infectious Diseases.

Results of world's first cost-effectiveness analysis of flu responses will help governments plan for epidemics
http://mnt.to/l/4ms6
A €1.2 million European project, which concludes on 28th March, will help policymakers develop reliable plans for responding to flu epidemics, including pandemics.

----------------------------------------------
** GASTROINTESTINAL / GASTROENTEROLOGY News **

Cameroon to protect its children against leading cause of severe diarrhoea
http://mnt.to/l/4msK
Children in Cameroon will receive protection against rotavirus diarrhoea, thanks to the introduction of rotavirus vaccines in Cameroon's routine immunization programme with GAVI Alliance...

A drug that strengthens the analgesic effect of opioids without increasing constipation has been tested successfully on animals
http://mnt.to/l/4msd
Scientists from the University of Granada have taken part, alongside the Esteve laboratory, in the development of a new drug that multiplies the analgesic effect of opioids (drugs for treating...

Mitochondria affected in Gulf War illness
http://mnt.to/l/4mrk
Researchers at the UC San Diego School of Medicine have demonstrated for the first time that veterans of the 1990-91 Persian Gulf War who suffer from "Gulf War illness" have impaired function of...

----------------------------------------------
** GENETICS News **

Erasing a genetic mutation - MIT team reverses a liver disorder in mice by correcting a mutated gene
http://mnt.to/l/4msS
Using a new gene-editing system based on bacterial proteins, MIT researchers have cured mice of a rare liver disorder caused by a single genetic mutation.

Gene involved in carbohydrate digestion 'linked to obesity risk'
http://mnt.to/l/4msQ
The genetic link between a gene controlling digestive enzymes and obesity risk is tested in a new study published the journal Nature Genetics.

Genetic mutations warn of skin cancer risk: New high-risk cancer causing mutation identified for melanoma development
http://mnt.to/l/4msP
Researchers have discovered that mutations in a specific gene are responsible for a hereditary form of melanoma.

Queen's University discovery signals new treatment for women at high risk of breast and ovarian cancer
http://mnt.to/l/4msm
Cancer researchers at Queen's University Belfast have made a breakthrough which could signal new treatments for women at high risk of breast and ovarian cancer.

Novel study into breast cancer origins paves way for personalised treatment
http://mnt.to/l/4msg
Breast cancers can look and behave very differently. Understanding why and how they do so is key to designing more tailored therapies for patients and sparing them unnecessary treatments.

Research from CHORI scientists demonstrates first genome methylation in fruit fly
http://mnt.to/l/4ms5
A group of scientists from Children's Hospital Oakland Research Institute and UC Berkeley report the first mapping of genome methylation in the fruit-fly Drosophila melanogaster in their paper...

International study on genome expression
http://mnt.to/l/4mrw
Genes are the "code" for building the biological elements that form an organism.

Study reports major advance in synthetic biology
http://mnt.to/l/4mrm
An international team of scientists led by Jef Boeke, PhD, director of NYU Langone Medical Center's Institute for Systems Genetics, has synthesized the first functional chromosome in yeast, an...

Closely observing the multiplication of cells
http://mnt.to/l/4mrj
Our cells must grow and divide optimally to ensure that our bodies functions properly.

Cancer biologists link tumor suppressor gene to stem cells
http://mnt.to/l/4mr9
Just as archeologists try to decipher ancient tablets to discern their meaning, UT Southwestern Medical Center cancer biologists are working to decode the purpose of an ancient gene considered...

Researchers explore function of cancer-causing gene
http://mnt.to/l/4mr3
Developmental biologists at the University of Georgia are discovering new roles for a specific gene known as Max's Giant Associated protein, or MGA.

----------------------------------------------
** HEART DISEASE News **

Spring forward, heart attack: daylight savings ups cardiac risks
http://mnt.to/l/4mtQ
We recently turned our clocks forward by an hour for spring, but new research suggests certain at-risk individuals may be more likely to have a heart attack after the time change.

Marriage linked to reduced risk of cardiovascular disease
http://mnt.to/l/4mtL
Researchers from the NYU Langone Medical Center analyzed surveys of more than 3.5 million Americans to find that married people have a much lower risk of cardiovascular disease.

Heart attack patients may benefit from delayed stenting
http://mnt.to/l/4msN
Specialists at the Golden Jubilee National Hospital have shown that in 'high risk' heart attack patients, after blood flow has been restored in the blocked artery, delaying putting a stent could...

Men with HIV have a greater risk and extent of coronary artery disease
http://mnt.to/l/4mrD
Men with HIV have a greater risk for coronary artery disease (CAD) and have more severe disease than uninfected men, according to an article being published in Annals of Internal Medicine.

Some heart failure patients benefit from artificial hearts, though risks remain
http://mnt.to/l/4mrC
The largest single-center study of patients implanted with a total artificial heart finds the device may help patients in severe heart failure survive until they can receive a heart transplant...

Heart attack survival rates lag behind in the South of the United States despite overall improvements nationwide
http://mnt.to/l/4mrB
Although heart attack death has declined across all regions of the United States, it is proportionately higher in the South, possibly related to the uneven distribution of socioeconomic and...

First small left ventricular assist device implant for young patient
http://mnt.to/l/4mqZ
"Today, we're going to make history," said 18-year-old Eric Ramos on the day UT Southwestern Medical Center doctors operated on his ailing heart.

----------------------------------------------
** HIV / AIDS News **

Men with HIV have a greater risk and extent of coronary artery disease
http://mnt.to/l/4mrD
Men with HIV have a greater risk for coronary artery disease (CAD) and have more severe disease than uninfected men, according to an article being published in Annals of Internal Medicine.

----------------------------------------------
** HYPERTENSION News **

Heart attack survival rates lag behind in the South of the United States despite overall improvements nationwide
http://mnt.to/l/4mrB
Although heart attack death has declined across all regions of the United States, it is proportionately higher in the South, possibly related to the uneven distribution of socioeconomic and...

Risk of second stroke can be halved by consistent blood pressure control
http://mnt.to/l/4mrn
Stroke survivors who consistently control their blood pressure may reduce the likelihood of a second stroke by more than half, according to new research in the American Heart Association journal...

----------------------------------------------
** IMMUNE SYSTEM / VACCINES News **

Cameroon to protect its children against leading cause of severe diarrhoea
http://mnt.to/l/4msK
Children in Cameroon will receive protection against rotavirus diarrhoea, thanks to the introduction of rotavirus vaccines in Cameroon's routine immunization programme with GAVI Alliance...

New study shows flu vaccine reduced children's risk of intensive care unit flu admission by three-fourths
http://mnt.to/l/4msk
Getting a flu vaccine reduces a child's risk of flu-related intensive care hospitalization by 74 percent, according to a CDC study published in the Journal of Infectious Diseases.

Discovery helps explain a rare immunodeficiency syndrome
http://mnt.to/l/4mrQ
IRCM researchers led by Javier M. Di Noia, PhD, uncovered a new function of AID, a crucial enzyme for the immune response.

Kidney disease caused by diabetes may be prevented by autoimmune drug
http://mnt.to/l/4mrp
A drug currently used to treat autoimmune disease may also help prevent the kidney-damaging effects of diabetes, according to a study appearing in an upcoming issue of the Journal of the...

----------------------------------------------
** IRRITABLE-BOWEL SYNDROME News **

New diagnostic test for bowel diseases
http://mnt.to/l/4mrh
A novel method for distinguishing different types of bowel disease using the stool samples of patients has been created by a group of researchers in the UK.

----------------------------------------------
** LIVER DISEASE / HEPATITIS News **

Erasing a genetic mutation - MIT team reverses a liver disorder in mice by correcting a mutated gene
http://mnt.to/l/4msS
Using a new gene-editing system based on bacterial proteins, MIT researchers have cured mice of a rare liver disorder caused by a single genetic mutation.

Dietary guidelines for choline may be insufficient
http://mnt.to/l/4mrX
New research suggests that genetic variations influence the risk of developing symptoms of choline deficiency and determine the propensity of liver or muscle damage outcomesWhat is now...

----------------------------------------------
** LYMPHOMA / LEUKEMIA / MYELOMA News **

Researchers explore function of cancer-causing gene
http://mnt.to/l/4mr3
Developmental biologists at the University of Georgia are discovering new roles for a specific gene known as Max's Giant Associated protein, or MGA.

----------------------------------------------
** MEDICAL DEVICES / DIAGNOSTICS News **

Heart attack patients may benefit from delayed stenting
http://mnt.to/l/4msN
Specialists at the Golden Jubilee National Hospital have shown that in 'high risk' heart attack patients, after blood flow has been restored in the blocked artery, delaying putting a stent could...

Some heart failure patients benefit from artificial hearts, though risks remain
http://mnt.to/l/4mrC
The largest single-center study of patients implanted with a total artificial heart finds the device may help patients in severe heart failure survive until they can receive a heart transplant...

New diagnostic test for bowel diseases
http://mnt.to/l/4mrh
A novel method for distinguishing different types of bowel disease using the stool samples of patients has been created by a group of researchers in the UK.

First small left ventricular assist device implant for young patient
http://mnt.to/l/4mqZ
"Today, we're going to make history," said 18-year-old Eric Ramos on the day UT Southwestern Medical Center doctors operated on his ailing heart.

----------------------------------------------
** MEDICAL PRACTICE MANAGEMENT News **

Statin use guidelines for cholesterol vary in US and Europe
http://mnt.to/l/4msV
New research suggests that because clinicians follow varying cholesterol guidelines, this is leading to differences in statin use recommendations for the general population.

----------------------------------------------
** MEDICAL STUDENTS / TRAINING News **

Health workers "inadequately" trained to treat minority ethnic groups
http://mnt.to/l/4msT
Health professionals are suffering from severe professional anxiety because they are being inadequately trained to treat minority ethnic groups - with their treatment often based on cultural...

----------------------------------------------
** MELANOMA / SKIN CANCER News **

Genetic mutations warn of skin cancer risk: New high-risk cancer causing mutation identified for melanoma development
http://mnt.to/l/4msP
Researchers have discovered that mutations in a specific gene are responsible for a hereditary form of melanoma.

----------------------------------------------
** MEN'S HEALTH News **

Sexual harassment harmful for both genders, but military men may be less able to cope
http://mnt.to/l/4mrT
Military men who are targets of frightening and threatening sexual harassment may experience more distress and work performance problems than military women who face the same treatment...

----------------------------------------------
** MULTIPLE SCLEROSIS News **

Synthon announces successful outcome of the Phase III GATE study with its generic Glatiramer Acetate
http://mnt.to/l/4mrP
Synthon has announced that the company's glatiramer acetate met the main endpoint of a late-stage study in patients with relapsing remitting multiple sclerosis (RRMS).

----------------------------------------------
** MUSCULAR DYSTROPHY / ALS News **

Key player identified in motor neuron death in Lou Gehrig's disease
http://mnt.to/l/4mr4
Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, also known as Lou Gehrig's disease, is marked by a cascade of cellular and inflammatory events that weakens and kills vital motor neurons in the brain and spinal...

First small left ventricular assist device implant for young patient
http://mnt.to/l/4mqZ
"Today, we're going to make history," said 18-year-old Eric Ramos on the day UT Southwestern Medical Center doctors operated on his ailing heart.

----------------------------------------------
** NEUROLOGY / NEUROSCIENCE News **

Chinese herbal treatment for vascular depression
http://mnt.to/l/4mry
The Chinese compound Kaixin Jieyu Fang can be used to treat vascular depression; however, the underlying mechanism remains unclear.

International study on genome expression
http://mnt.to/l/4mrw
Genes are the "code" for building the biological elements that form an organism.

Mitochondria affected in Gulf War illness
http://mnt.to/l/4mrk
Researchers at the UC San Diego School of Medicine have demonstrated for the first time that veterans of the 1990-91 Persian Gulf War who suffer from "Gulf War illness" have impaired function of...

Scientists pinpoint neurons where select memories grow
http://mnt.to/l/4mrf
Memories are difficult to produce, often fragile, and dependent on any number of factors - including changes to various types of nerves.

Key player identified in motor neuron death in Lou Gehrig's disease
http://mnt.to/l/4mr4
Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, also known as Lou Gehrig's disease, is marked by a cascade of cellular and inflammatory events that weakens and kills vital motor neurons in the brain and spinal...

----------------------------------------------
** NURSING / MIDWIFERY News **

Health workers "inadequately" trained to treat minority ethnic groups
http://mnt.to/l/4msT
Health professionals are suffering from severe professional anxiety because they are being inadequately trained to treat minority ethnic groups - with their treatment often based on cultural...

----------------------------------------------
** NUTRITION / DIET News **

Like obesity, being underweight is also tied to earlier death
http://mnt.to/l/4mtr
A review of 51 studies finds that, compared with normal weight people, the risk of death is 1.8 times higher for underweight people and 1.3 times higher for obese people.

Organic food does not reduce women's risk of cancer
http://mnt.to/l/4mtq
Researchers who compared women who never eat organic food - food grown free of pesticides - with women who only or mostly do found no difference in overall cancer risk.

Dietary guidelines for choline may be insufficient
http://mnt.to/l/4mrX
New research suggests that genetic variations influence the risk of developing symptoms of choline deficiency and determine the propensity of liver or muscle damage outcomesWhat is now...

Food insecurity a growing challenge in Canada's northern and remote Aboriginal communities
http://mnt.to/l/4mrV
A new expert panel report on food security in Northern Canada, has found that food insecurity among northern Aboriginal peoples requires urgent attention in order to mitigate impacts on health...

Public resistance to soda tax, size restrictions
http://mnt.to/l/4mrR
Those hoping to dilute Americans' taste for soda, energy drinks, sweetened tea, and other sugary beverages should take their quest to school lunchrooms rather than legislative chambers...

Chemotherapy may be assisted by natural plant compounds
http://mnt.to/l/4mqX
Researchers at Plant & Food Research have identified plant compounds present in carrots and parsley that may one day support more effective delivery of chemotherapy treatments.

----------------------------------------------
** OBESITY / WEIGHT LOSS / FITNESS News **

Like obesity, being underweight is also tied to earlier death
http://mnt.to/l/4mtr
A review of 51 studies finds that, compared with normal weight people, the risk of death is 1.8 times higher for underweight people and 1.3 times higher for obese people.

Gene involved in carbohydrate digestion 'linked to obesity risk'
http://mnt.to/l/4msQ
The genetic link between a gene controlling digestive enzymes and obesity risk is tested in a new study published the journal Nature Genetics.

Public resistance to soda tax, size restrictions
http://mnt.to/l/4mrR
Those hoping to dilute Americans' taste for soda, energy drinks, sweetened tea, and other sugary beverages should take their quest to school lunchrooms rather than legislative chambers...

Australia's Generation X could overtake Baby Boomers for poor health
http://mnt.to/l/4mrz
Researchers at the University of Adelaide have confirmed that if current trends continue, Australia's Generation X will overtake Baby Boomers for poor health, including rates of obesity and...

Improving understanding of circadian clock mechanisms
http://mnt.to/l/4mrs
You've switched to the night shift and your weight skyrockets, or you wake at 7 a.m. on weekdays but sleep until noon on weekends - a social jet lag that can fog your Saturday and Sunday.

Scientists pinpoint neurons where select memories grow
http://mnt.to/l/4mrf
Memories are difficult to produce, often fragile, and dependent on any number of factors - including changes to various types of nerves.

----------------------------------------------
** OVARIAN CANCER News **

Queen's University discovery signals new treatment for women at high risk of breast and ovarian cancer
http://mnt.to/l/4msm
Cancer researchers at Queen's University Belfast have made a breakthrough which could signal new treatments for women at high risk of breast and ovarian cancer.

Discovery signals new treatment for those at high risk of breast and ovarian cancer
http://mnt.to/l/4mrY
Cancer researchers at Queen's University Belfast have made a breakthrough which could signal new treatments for women at high risk of breast and ovarian cancer.

----------------------------------------------
** PAIN / ANESTHETICS News **

A drug that strengthens the analgesic effect of opioids without increasing constipation has been tested successfully on animals
http://mnt.to/l/4msd
Scientists from the University of Granada have taken part, alongside the Esteve laboratory, in the development of a new drug that multiplies the analgesic effect of opioids (drugs for treating...

Professionals are divided over best care for hip fracture patients, latest audit results show
http://mnt.to/l/4mpx
The latest report from the Falls and Fragility Fracture Programme (FFFAP) National Hip Fracture Database (NHFD) shows that just over half of patients are receiving pain relieving anaesthetic...

----------------------------------------------
** PARKINSON'S DISEASE News **

International study on genome expression
http://mnt.to/l/4mrw
Genes are the "code" for building the biological elements that form an organism.

Potential target identified for treating mitochondrial disorders
http://mnt.to/l/4mrg
Mitochondria, long known as "cellular power plants" for their generation of the key energy source adenosine triphosphate (ATP), are essential for proper cellular functions.

----------------------------------------------
** PEDIATRICS / CHILDREN'S HEALTH News **

Cameroon to protect its children against leading cause of severe diarrhoea
http://mnt.to/l/4msK
Children in Cameroon will receive protection against rotavirus diarrhoea, thanks to the introduction of rotavirus vaccines in Cameroon's routine immunization programme with GAVI Alliance...

Stronger kids have lower risks for diabetes and heart disease
http://mnt.to/l/4msF
Adolescents with greater strength-to-body-mass ratios have significantly lower risks of diabetes and heart disease, researchers say, who publish their results in Pediatrics.

New study shows flu vaccine reduced children's risk of intensive care unit flu admission by three-fourths
http://mnt.to/l/4msk
Getting a flu vaccine reduces a child's risk of flu-related intensive care hospitalization by 74 percent, according to a CDC study published in the Journal of Infectious Diseases.

Public resistance to soda tax, size restrictions
http://mnt.to/l/4mrR
Those hoping to dilute Americans' taste for soda, energy drinks, sweetened tea, and other sugary beverages should take their quest to school lunchrooms rather than legislative chambers...

4 in 10 infants lack strong parental attachments
http://mnt.to/l/4mrN
In a study of 14,000 U.S. children, 40 percent lack strong emotional bonds - what psychologists call "secure attachment" - with their parents that are crucial to success later in life, according...

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** PHARMA INDUSTRY / BIOTECH INDUSTRY News **

Study reports major advance in synthetic biology
http://mnt.to/l/4mrm
An international team of scientists led by Jef Boeke, PhD, director of NYU Langone Medical Center's Institute for Systems Genetics, has synthesized the first functional chromosome in yeast, an...

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** PHARMACY / PHARMACIST News **

Nearly a third of patients fail to fill first-time prescriptions
http://mnt.to/l/4mrF
Nearly a third of patients fail to fill first-time prescriptions, which may be important in determining clinical outcomes, according to an article published in Annals of Internal Medicine.

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** PRIMARY CARE / GENERAL PRACTICE News **

Spring forward, heart attack: daylight savings ups cardiac risks
http://mnt.to/l/4mtQ
We recently turned our clocks forward by an hour for spring, but new research suggests certain at-risk individuals may be more likely to have a heart attack after the time change.

Marriage linked to reduced risk of cardiovascular disease
http://mnt.to/l/4mtL
Researchers from the NYU Langone Medical Center analyzed surveys of more than 3.5 million Americans to find that married people have a much lower risk of cardiovascular disease.

Nearly a third of patients fail to fill first-time prescriptions
http://mnt.to/l/4mrF
Nearly a third of patients fail to fill first-time prescriptions, which may be important in determining clinical outcomes, according to an article published in Annals of Internal Medicine.

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** PSYCHOLOGY / PSYCHIATRY News **

Is laughter the best medicine? Cartoons could help patients cope with their chronic conditions
http://mnt.to/l/4msR
Researchers from the University of Southampton have shown that cartoons could be a beneficial way of educating patients and empowering them to cope better with their long term conditions.

LA BioMed launches study of MDMA-assisted therapy for social anxiety in autistic adults
http://mnt.to/l/4msv
Seeking new therapies for the treatment of social anxiety in autistic adults, researchers at the Los Angeles Biomedical Research Institute (LA BioMed) has announced that they are initiating a...

Inspiration linked to bipolar disorder risk
http://mnt.to/l/4msp
Inspiration has been linked with people at risk of developing bipolar disorder for the first time in a study led by Lancaster University.

Sexual harassment harmful for both genders, but military men may be less able to cope
http://mnt.to/l/4mrT
Military men who are targets of frightening and threatening sexual harassment may experience more distress and work performance problems than military women who face the same treatment...

4 in 10 infants lack strong parental attachments
http://mnt.to/l/4mrN
In a study of 14,000 U.S. children, 40 percent lack strong emotional bonds - what psychologists call "secure attachment" - with their parents that are crucial to success later in life, according...

Coping strategies, social circumstances and personality traits that help people through IVF treatment
http://mnt.to/l/4mrH
The whole 'infertility journey' is an emotional rollercoaster and whilst IVF treatment might be successful for some, not knowing if you will be in the 25 per cent who become pregnant demands...

Gaming augments players' social lives
http://mnt.to/l/4mrv
New research finds that online social behavior isn't replacing offline social behavior in the gaming community. Instead, online gaming is expanding players' social lives.

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** PUBLIC HEALTH News **

Like obesity, being underweight is also tied to earlier death
http://mnt.to/l/4mtr
A review of 51 studies finds that, compared with normal weight people, the risk of death is 1.8 times higher for underweight people and 1.3 times higher for obese people.

Blood Clot Alliance asks Congress for $4 million to save 100,000 lives a year
http://mnt.to/l/4msn
The National Blood Clot Alliance (NBCA) is calling on Congress for $4 million in each of the next five years to support better awareness and avoidance of blood clots.

Results of world's first cost-effectiveness analysis of flu responses will help governments plan for epidemics
http://mnt.to/l/4ms6
A €1.2 million European project, which concludes on 28th March, will help policymakers develop reliable plans for responding to flu epidemics, including pandemics.

Food insecurity a growing challenge in Canada's northern and remote Aboriginal communities
http://mnt.to/l/4mrV
A new expert panel report on food security in Northern Canada, has found that food insecurity among northern Aboriginal peoples requires urgent attention in order to mitigate impacts on health...

Sexual harassment harmful for both genders, but military men may be less able to cope
http://mnt.to/l/4mrT
Military men who are targets of frightening and threatening sexual harassment may experience more distress and work performance problems than military women who face the same treatment...

Improving patient safety in the operating room
http://mnt.to/l/4mrK
Clemson University research assistant professor Ashley Kay Childers has been selected to participate in a forum to discuss quality improvement programs in U.S.

Nearly a third of patients fail to fill first-time prescriptions
http://mnt.to/l/4mrF
Nearly a third of patients fail to fill first-time prescriptions, which may be important in determining clinical outcomes, according to an article published in Annals of Internal Medicine.

Australia's Generation X could overtake Baby Boomers for poor health
http://mnt.to/l/4mrz
Researchers at the University of Adelaide have confirmed that if current trends continue, Australia's Generation X will overtake Baby Boomers for poor health, including rates of obesity and...

Congress budget pact good for global health but NIH cuts threaten US innovations
http://mnt.to/l/4mrt
While a ceasefire in Washington's budget wars has restored funding for a range of programs targeting global health threats like AIDS and tuberculosis (TB), the simultaneous underfunding of the...

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** RESPIRATORY / ASTHMA News **

Climbers at risk set to benefit from altitude sickness study
http://mnt.to/l/4msM
Climbers and skiers who suffer from a potentially deadly condition called altitude sickness could be treated more effectively thanks to new insights into the illness.

Analysis of state efforts show dramatic gains in reducing airborne particulate matter
http://mnt.to/l/4ms3
National efforts in the last decade to clear the air of dangerous particulate matter have been so successful that most urban areas have already attained the next benchmark, according to new...

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** SLEEP / SLEEP DISORDERS / INSOMNIA News **

Improving understanding of circadian clock mechanisms
http://mnt.to/l/4mrs
You've switched to the night shift and your weight skyrockets, or you wake at 7 a.m. on weekdays but sleep until noon on weekends - a social jet lag that can fog your Saturday and Sunday.

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** SPORTS MEDICINE / FITNESS News **

Climbers at risk set to benefit from altitude sickness study
http://mnt.to/l/4msM
Climbers and skiers who suffer from a potentially deadly condition called altitude sickness could be treated more effectively thanks to new insights into the illness.

Stronger kids have lower risks for diabetes and heart disease
http://mnt.to/l/4msF
Adolescents with greater strength-to-body-mass ratios have significantly lower risks of diabetes and heart disease, researchers say, who publish their results in Pediatrics.

----------------------------------------------
** STATINS News **

Statins may improve erectile function in men with high cholesterol
http://mnt.to/l/4mtN
It is common for older men with poor cardiovascular health to lose sexual function. However, a new study finds that statins are an effective treatment for both problems.

Statin use guidelines for cholesterol vary in US and Europe
http://mnt.to/l/4msV
New research suggests that because clinicians follow varying cholesterol guidelines, this is leading to differences in statin use recommendations for the general population.

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** STEM CELL RESEARCH News **

A step forward in adult vertebrate tissue regeneration
http://mnt.to/l/4mrM
The reason why some animals can regenerate tissues after severe organ loss or amputation while others, such as humans, cannot renew some structures has always intrigued scientists.

Cancer biologists link tumor suppressor gene to stem cells
http://mnt.to/l/4mr9
Just as archeologists try to decipher ancient tablets to discern their meaning, UT Southwestern Medical Center cancer biologists are working to decode the purpose of an ancient gene considered...

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** STROKE News **

Chinese herbal treatment for vascular depression
http://mnt.to/l/4mry
The Chinese compound Kaixin Jieyu Fang can be used to treat vascular depression; however, the underlying mechanism remains unclear.

Risk of second stroke can be halved by consistent blood pressure control
http://mnt.to/l/4mrn
Stroke survivors who consistently control their blood pressure may reduce the likelihood of a second stroke by more than half, according to new research in the American Heart Association journal...

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** TROPICAL DISEASES News **

Congress budget pact good for global health but NIH cuts threaten US innovations
http://mnt.to/l/4mrt
While a ceasefire in Washington's budget wars has restored funding for a range of programs targeting global health threats like AIDS and tuberculosis (TB), the simultaneous underfunding of the...

New tobacco plant produced therapeutics effective against West Nile virus, even days after infection
http://mnt.to/l/4mrr
An international research group led by Arizona State University professor Qiang "Shawn" Chen has developed a new generation of potentially safer and more cost-effective therapeutics against West...

Study reports major advance in synthetic biology
http://mnt.to/l/4mrm
An international team of scientists led by Jef Boeke, PhD, director of NYU Langone Medical Center's Institute for Systems Genetics, has synthesized the first functional chromosome in yeast, an...

----------------------------------------------
** TUBERCULOSIS News **

Congress budget pact good for global health but NIH cuts threaten US innovations
http://mnt.to/l/4mrt
While a ceasefire in Washington's budget wars has restored funding for a range of programs targeting global health threats like AIDS and tuberculosis (TB), the simultaneous underfunding of the...

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** UROLOGY / NEPHROLOGY News **

Risk of kidney failure in diabetics nearly doubled by major depression
http://mnt.to/l/4mrq
Major depression may increase diabetes patients' risk of developing kidney failure, according to a study appearing in an upcoming issue of the Clinical Journal of the American Society of...

Kidney disease caused by diabetes may be prevented by autoimmune drug
http://mnt.to/l/4mrp
A drug currently used to treat autoimmune disease may also help prevent the kidney-damaging effects of diabetes, according to a study appearing in an upcoming issue of the Journal of the...

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** VASCULAR News **

Blood Clot Alliance asks Congress for $4 million to save 100,000 lives a year
http://mnt.to/l/4msn
The National Blood Clot Alliance (NBCA) is calling on Congress for $4 million in each of the next five years to support better awareness and avoidance of blood clots.

----------------------------------------------
** VETERANS / EX-SERVICEMEN News **

Mitochondria affected in Gulf War illness
http://mnt.to/l/4mrk
Researchers at the UC San Diego School of Medicine have demonstrated for the first time that veterans of the 1990-91 Persian Gulf War who suffer from "Gulf War illness" have impaired function of...

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** WATER - AIR QUALITY / AGRICULTURE News **

Analysis of state efforts show dramatic gains in reducing airborne particulate matter
http://mnt.to/l/4ms3
National efforts in the last decade to clear the air of dangerous particulate matter have been so successful that most urban areas have already attained the next benchmark, according to new...

New tobacco plant produced therapeutics effective against West Nile virus, even days after infection
http://mnt.to/l/4mrr
An international research group led by Arizona State University professor Qiang "Shawn" Chen has developed a new generation of potentially safer and more cost-effective therapeutics against West...

----------------------------------------------
** WOMEN'S HEALTH / GYNECOLOGY News **

Organic food does not reduce women's risk of cancer
http://mnt.to/l/4mtq
Researchers who compared women who never eat organic food - food grown free of pesticides - with women who only or mostly do found no difference in overall cancer risk.

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