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Doctors Tell Pregnant Women to Mix Caution With Holi Colors

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In every woman's life, pregnancy is an exciting time, in anticipation of new beginnings. With Holi round the corner on Monday, doctors recommend some basic care so as not to let pregnancy mar the festive spirit. For instance, did you know that some colours, despite being branded "natural" or "organic" can still be harmful? "Some colours termed natural are made from fruits and flowers, but their powder base could have harmful chemicals such as lead and ...

Ancient Baby Care Center Unearthed Deep in the Sea

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New fossil species revealing parental care of the young from 450 million years ago have been unearthed by scientists. A portrait of pre-historic parenthood captured deep in the fossil record has been uncovered by an international team of scientists led by geologist professor David Siveter from University of Leicester in Britain. The 'nursery in the sea' has revealed a species new to science - with specimens preserved incubating their eggs together with ...

Study Finds Half of Parents Think Their Child's Weight is Normal, Even If It is Not

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One out of two parents ignore their child's weight problems and feel that his or her weight is normal, even if it is not, claims a new study. The European study of parents of 16,220 children in the ages 2-9, also found that four out of ten parents of children with overweight or obesity are even worried that their child will get too thin. In pediatric nurse Susann Regber's dissertation at Sahlgrenska Academy, the parents were asked to estimate their child's ...

Researchers Identify Genetic Factors That Help Humans Break Down Milk

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The beginning and successive spread of cattle domestication in Africa is behind humans' ability to digest milk sugar lactose, researchers have found. The findings provide strong evidence that lactase persistence evolved in human populations as a dietary adaptation. Study author Sarah Tishkoff of the University of Pennsylvania, said that the study sheds light on both the genetic basis and evolutionary history of a biologically relevant trait in humans ...

Key to Happy Marriage: Husband's Good Health and Positive Attitude

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One of the key ingredients of a happy and conflict-free long-term marriage is husband's pleasing nature and good health, says a new study. University of Chicago researchers also found that such characteristics in wives play less of a role in limiting marital conflict, perhaps because of different expectations among women and men in durable relationships. Study's lead author James Iveniuk, candidate in the Department of Sociology, said that wives report ...

Research Suggests Good Fungi Keep Bad Ones in Check in Healthy Mouths

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It is common knowledge that human mouths contain a balanced mix of microbes which, when disrupted, can lead to oral diseases. A study published on March 13th in emPLOS Pathogens/em compares the bacteria and fungi present in the mouths of healthy individuals with those from patients infected with HIV, and illustrates why oral candidiasis (aka "thrush") is a common complication of HIV infection. Using high-throughput gene sequencing, Mahmoud Ghannoum, ...

'Unhealthy' Horsemeat from Americas Uncovered by French Animal Lobby

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A leading animal rights group has said that horses from the United States, Canada and other countries in the region whose meat is sold in France for human consumption pose a health risk. L214, which derives its name from an article in a 1976 French law that stipulates that animals have to be kept properly and in healthy conditions, said the conclusions followed a wide-reaching, two-year investigation launched in 2012. Horses from the US, Canada, Mexico, ...

Stamps Used to Tattoo Prisoners Acquired by Auschwitz

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Media reports indicate that rare metal stamps used by the Nazis to tattoo prisoners at the infamous Auschwitz-Birkenau death camp have appeared in Poland. A donor insisting on anonymity handed over the stamps to the memorial museum at the site of the World War II-era camp in Oswiecim, southern Poland. "We obtained the stamps a couple of weeks ago and have confirmed their authenticity," Bartosz Bartyzel, a spokesman for the museum, told AFP on Thursday. ...

Watch Your Surroundings While Walking

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It pays to keep a close watch on your surroundings when walking or running whether you are an athlete or just a bystander. Now, new research by UC San Francisco neuroscientists suggests that the body may get help in these fast-changing situations from a specialized brain circuit that causes visual system neurons to fire more strongly during locomotion. There has been a great deal of research on changes among different brain states during sleep, but ...

Post-Heart Attack Biological Events That Provide Cardioprotection Identified

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It is well-known that heart attack and stroke are among the most serious threats to health. But novel research at UT Southwestern Medical Center has linked two major biological processes that occur at the onset of these traumatic events and, ultimately, can lead to protection for the heart. On one end of the cascade is the so-called Unfolded Protein Response (UPR), and at the other end are numerous proteins with modified glucose molecules attached to ...

New Smartphone App can be Used to Grow Marijuana

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It has been announced that iMD is inventing an app that could help in growing marijuana through smartphone. The company said it has added a network interface to an environmental controller designed for hydroponic marijuana farms. It added that it was now readying an app specifically designed to monitor large-scale pot farms, PC World reports. Jim Filkins, the company's vice president of sales, said that the product was a huge advancement ...

New Treatment Guidelines for Skin Abscesses Caused by MRSA

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Doctors continue to grapple with how to diagnose, treat and prevent community-acquired methicillin-resistant iStaphylococcus aureus/i (MRSA), which is immune to many antibiotics. As MRSA cases have increased dramatically over the decade, so have the number of skin abscesses - generally pus-filled boils or pimples with discharge - that characterize these infections. Now, researchers from UCLA have issued updated guidelines outlining the best ways to treat and ...

Increased Gender Variance in Children With Autism and ADHD Reported in Study

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Children with autism spectrum disorders (ASD) or attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) were more likely to exhibit gender variance, the wish to be the other gender, than children with no neurodevelopmental disorder, John F. Strang, PsyD, a pediatric neuropsychologist at Children's National Health System, and colleagues have found. The study, titled "Increased Gender Variance in Autism Spectrum Disorders and Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder" was ...

Negative Experiences are Common for Transgender Patients in Emergency Departments

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A majority of transgender patients have had a negative experience when it comes to receiving emergency department (ED) care, a new study out of Western University, Canada has found. The findings, by first author Greta Bauer, PhD, is in press at the iAnnals of Emergency Medicine/i, the official publication of the American College of Emergency Physicians, and is now posted online. The study used respondent-driven sampling, a methodology developed ...

Brain Explored in Chronic Pain Research

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University of Adelaide researchers reveal that new insights into how the human brain responds to chronic pain could eventually lead to improved treatments for patients. Neuroplasticity is the term used to describe the brain's ability to change structurally and functionally with experience and use. "Neuroplasticity underlies our learning and memory, making it vital during early childhood development and important for continuous learning throughout life," ...

Facts on Sleep Disorder

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Sleep disorder is a medical disorder. That occurs due to abnormal changes in sleeping patterns that interfere with physical, mental, and emotional functioning.

Few Takers for Healthcare Issues as India Gears Up for Massive Elections

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Healthcare finds just passing mention in the election manifestos of various political parties in India, although its a major election issue in Western countries. Health has failed to pick up as an election issue in India despite the country having overwhelming concerns over the quality of its delivery systems. While Congress sources said that its manifesto would promise universal healthcare and free medicine for the poor, a BJP spokesperson refused to ...

Kids can Learn Math Better Via Hand Gestures

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Children who use their hands to gesture during a math lesson gain a deep understanding of the problems they are taught, claims a new study. Previous research has found that gestures can help children learn. This study in particular was designed to answer whether abstract gesture can support generalization beyond a particular problem and whether abstract gesture is a more effective teaching tool than concrete action. "We found that acting gave children ...

Copycats are Not Viewed Negatively by Preschoolers

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Preschoolers do not often view a copycat negatively, but they do so by the age of 5 or 6, researchers have revealed. University of Washington psychologist Kristina Olson said that physical property is something that can be seen, but intellectual property is something that can't be seen, and it's hard to understand, let alone place a value on that. She said that it's not surprising that it's so hard for younger kids to understand intellectual property ...

In Short-Term Study, Glucosamine Fails to Prevent Deterioration of Knee Cartilage

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Oral glucosamine supplementation is not associated with a lessening of knee cartilage deterioration among individuals with chronic knee pain, results of a short-term study indicate. Findings published in iArthritis (and) Rheumatology/i, a journal of the American College of Rheumatology (ACR) journal, indicate that glucosamine does not decrease pain or improve knee bone marrow lesions-more commonly known as bone bruises and thought to be a source of pain in those ...

After Fivefold Increase Over a Decade, Prescriptions for Opioids are Stabilizing

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Official data indicates that death rates from opioids have been soaring in the U.S. since the 1990s. To support the appropriate use of these controlled substances and inform public health interventions to prevent drug abuse, most states have implemented a prescription drug monitoring program (PDMP). In a latest study, researchers at Columbia University's Mailman School of Public Health evaluated the impact of these state-wide programs and found that after tripling ...

Plant Growth and Development Understood by New Studies

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A small plant molecule called Auxin was discovered by Charles Darwin more than 100 years ago. Over the years that followed it became understood to be the most important and versatile plant hormone controlling nearly all aspects of plant growth and development, such as bending of shoots toward the source of light (as discovered by Darwin), formation of new leaves, flowers, and roots, growth of roots, and gravity-oriented growth. Just how a small molecule like auxin could play ...

EMG Testing Could Help Brachial Plexus Injury Patients

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Electromyography testing done to determine the quality of donor nerves could affect the outcome of nerve transfer surgery and help patients with brachial plexus injury, a new study found. EMG is a sophisticated test used to objectively measure muscle and nerve function. The paper, "Does Pre-operative Donor Nerve Electromyography Predict Nerve Transfer Outcomes?," will be presented at the annual meeting of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons on March 13 ...

Pain Killers may Help Kill Bacteria!

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Some drugs that are commonly used as painkillers may actually have the ability to kill bacteria. New research appearing online on March 13 in the Cell Press journal emChemistry (and) Biology/em reveals that these drugs, better known as NSAIDs, act on bacteria in a way that is fundamentally different from current antibiotics. The discovery could open up new strategies for fighting drug-resistant infections and "superbugs." "We discovered that some anti-inflammatory ...

Study Finds Senior Centres to be Effective

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A new study found how a low cost program could reduce falls in the elderly by 17 percent, thus demonstrating the effectiveness of using ageing services such as senior centers. Pitt Public Health researchers followed nearly 2,000 older Pennsylvanians between 2010 and 2011 to determine the effectiveness of the state's Healthy Steps for Older Adults, a voluntary fall-prevention program. Results of the study, funded by the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention ...

Protein Defects Could Lessen Immune Tolerance in the Gut

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A new study revealed how the protein GM-CSF plays an important role in strengthening the immune tolerance in the gut, but defects in the protein could cause inflammatory bowel disease. IBD is a severe intestinal disease characterized by chronic intestinal inflammation that results from a dysregulated immune response to microbes and food antigens. Writing in the peer reviewed journal iScience/i published online March 13, 2014, the research team writes that this advances ...

Liver Transplant may be the Answer for Lathosterolosis

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Link Between Soy Formula and Seizures in Children With Autism Identified

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A higher rate of seizures among children with autism who were fed infant formula containing soy protein rather than milk protein has been identified by a University of Wisconsin-Madison researcher. The study found excess seizures among girls and in the total sample of 1,949 children. The soy-seizure link reached borderline significance among boys, who comprised 87 percent of the children described in the database under study. Seizures - caused by ...

Public Comments to Help FDA Shape Its Final Food Labels on Packaged Food

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With an eye on helping people choose healthy food, the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has planned changes in the food labels of packaged foods. The FDA will come up with a final decision on the basis of the result of a 90-day public comment period. The new label will contain two important points. First, will be details about added sugar. Second will be the details about serving size. The main idea is to make the portion size more realistic. At present, ...

Blood Poisoning Increases Blood Clot Risk

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A new research work finds blood poisoning boosts the risk of suffering a blood clot in either the brain or the heart. The risk of a blood clot was highest within the first 30 days after the infection, where the risk was 3.6 percent against 1.7 percent for the other acutely admitted patients, and only 0.2 percent among the population in general. The study has just been published in iCirculation/i, which is one of the world's most respected ...

India Emerging as Liver Transplant Hub, Says Expert

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Health expert says India is emerging as a global hub for liver transplant with expanded medical facilities. "Around 50-60 percent of live transplant patients are from foreign countries," said Vivek Vij, director, Liver Transplant Programme in Fortis Hospital here. "The reason India has emerged as a hub for liver transplant is because of the poor medical facilities in countries like Bangladesh, Pakistan, Nepal, Cambodia and other African nations," ...

Now, Blood Test can Determine and Treat Brain Injury Among Athletes

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Swedish researchers have come up with a blood test method that can help in diagnosing brain injuries or concussion among sportspersons. Until now, doctors could neither diagnose concussion nor determine its seriousness, thus preventing athletes from taking proper medication. The new blood test method finds out the amount of protein tau (T-tau) released when the brain is injured. The amount of T-tau present helps in determining the concussion problem in athletes. This ...

Critical Role of One Gene to Our Brain Development Identified

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Researchers have found that a gene linked to intellectual disability is critical to the earliest stages of the development of human brains. Known as iUSP9X/i, the gene has been investigated by Adelaide researchers for more than a decade, but in recent years scientists have begun to understand its particular importance to brain development. In a new paper published online in the iAmerican Journal of Human Genetics/i/a, an international ...