Medical News Today daily newsletter - 1 April 2014

Dear kostik,

Welcome to today's Medical News Today newsletter, containing the most recent headlines from your chosen news categories.

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** ALCOHOL / ADDICTION / ILLEGAL DRUGS News **

World's first fluorescent sensor developed to detect date rape drug
http://mnt.to/l/4mt5
A team of researchers from the National University of Singapore (NUS) has developed the world's first fluorescent sensor to identify the presence of a drug known as GHB that is commonly used to...

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** ALLERGY News **

Are allergies made worse by stress?
http://mnt.to/l/4mvY
Allergies are not caused by stress, but according to new research published in the Annals of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology, stress could make allergy symptoms worse.

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** ANXIETY / STRESS News **

Are allergies made worse by stress?
http://mnt.to/l/4mvY
Allergies are not caused by stress, but according to new research published in the Annals of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology, stress could make allergy symptoms worse.

Anti-anxiety drugs and sleeping pills linked to risk of death
http://mnt.to/l/4mv4
Anti-anxiety
drugs and sleeping pills have been linked to an increased risk of death, according to new research from the University of Warwick.

Stigmas, once evolutionarily sound, are now bad health strategies
http://mnt.to/l/4mtm
Stigmatization may have once served to protect early humans from infectious diseases, but that strategy may do more harm than good for modern humans, according to Penn State researchers.

Chronic stress in early years leads to anxiety, aggression in adulthood
http://mnt.to/l/4msr
In recent years, behavioral neuroscientists have debated the meaning and significance of a plethora of independently conducted experiments seeking to establish the impact of chronic, early-life...

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** BLOOD / HEMATOLOGY News **

Researchers find simple blood iron test predicts fatal outcomes in the general population
http://mnt.to/l/4mv6
A new study led by researchers at the Graduate Entry Medical School (GEMS), University of Limerick (UL) has found that people with low levels and very high levels of a commonly measured...

FDA approves first long-acting recombinant coagulation Factor IX concentrate for patients with Hemophilia B
http://mnt.to/l/4mtT
The U.S. Food and Drug Administration has approved Alprolix, Coagulation Factor IX (Recombinant), Fc Fusion Protein, for use in adults and children who have Hemophilia B.

The incidence and impact of stent thrombosis during PCI reduced by anti-clotting agent
http://mnt.to/l/4msj
A new angiographic analysis of the CHAMPION PHOENIX trial examined the incidence and impact of stent thrombosis (ST) in patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI).

----------------------------------------------
** BONES / ORTHOPEDICS News **

New gel to promote bone growth on implants used in orthopaedic and dental surgical procedures
http://mnt.to/l/4mtG
A research group at Uppsala University has developed a new responsive coating for implants used in surgery to improve their integration into bone and to prevent rejection.

----------------------------------------------
** BREAST CANCER News **

Open dialogue between HCPs and breast cancer patients can improve experience
http://mnt.to/l/4mv5
Research presented at the 9th European Breast Cancer Conference reveals that most breast cancer patients feel their health care providers include them in treatment decisions.

New predictive tool may help to determine if further cancer treatments are necessary
http://mnt.to/l/4mtn
UT Southwestern Medical Center researchers are developing a new predictive tool that could help patients with breast cancer and certain lung cancers decide whether follow-up treatments are...

Markers of molecular aging in the blood of breast cancer survivors increased by adjuvant chemotherapy
http://mnt.to/l/4mt2
Adjuvant chemotherapy for breast cancer is "gerontogenic", accelerating the pace of physiologic aging, according to a new study published in the Journal of the National Cancer Institute.

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** CANCER / ONCOLOGY News **

'Eat seven portions of fruit and veg a day' to lower death risk
http://mnt.to/l/4mv2
According to a new study, everyone should be eating at least seven portions of fruit and vegetables a day. But how can this be encouraged through policy and nutrition guidelines?

Urine test could help predict recurrence of bladder cancer
http://mnt.to/l/4mtY
Bladder cancer is characterized by a high risk of recurrence, but now, researchers have developed a urine test that accurately predicts tumor reappearance.

Low-dose aspirin use linked to improved colon cancer survival
http://mnt.to/l/4mtS
Patients who have been diagnosed with colon cancer and take low-dose aspirin may have better survival than non-asprin users with the cancer, according to new research.

Biomarkers predict effectiveness of radiation treatments for head and neck cancer
http://mnt.to/l/4msf
An international team of researchers, led by Beaumont Health System's Jan Akervall, M.D., Ph.D.

Key protein link discovered by cancer researchers
http://mnt.to/l/4msc
A new understanding of proteins at the nexus of a cell's decision to survive or die has implications for researchers who study cancer and age-related diseases, according to biophysicists at the...

Promising results using adult cancer drugs against aggressive childhood brain tumor
http://mnt.to/l/4ms9
A St. Jude Children's Research Hospital-led study identified two adult cancer drugs with potential to improve treatment of a high-risk childhood brain tumor; the drugs are now part of a...

Preserving fertility in boys with cancer
http://mnt.to/l/4ms7
Scientists have moved a step closer to being able to preserve fertility in young boys who undergo chemotherapy and radiation treatments for cancer.

----------------------------------------------
** CARDIOVASCULAR / CARDIOLOGY News **

Mid-life mental function linked back to heart health in young adulthood
http://mnt.to/l/4mvZ
New study links heart health in early adulthood with cognitive function in mid-life and suggests keeping blood pressure, blood sugar and cholesterol in check before the age of 30.

Study further illuminates heart-healthy benefits of Mediterranean diet
http://mnt.to/l/4mv7
New research further illuminates the heart-healthy benefits of the Mediterranean diet, tying the eating plan to lower levels of platelets and white blood cells, two markers of inflammation.

Researchers find simple blood iron test predicts fatal outcomes in the general population
http://mnt.to/l/4mv6
A new study led by researchers at the Graduate Entry Medical School (GEMS), University of Limerick (UL) has found that people with low levels and very high levels of a commonly measured...

Results of pooled analysis confirms HORIZONS-AMI/EUROMAX results in STEMI patients
http://mnt.to/l/4mtW
The Medicines Company has reported a presentation of a pooled analysis of 5,800 patients in the EUROMAX and HORIZONS-AMI trials, two international clinical trials comparing Angiomax(R)...

World's first transcatheter valve, Medtronic Melody® transcatheter pulmonary valve shows positive clinical outcomes in real-world study
http://mnt.to/l/4mtV
Medtronic, Inc. has announced the one-year results of the Melody® Transcatheter Pulmonary Valve (TPV) U.S.

Medtronic CoreValve® System results superior to open-heart surgery at one year in U.S. pivotal trial
http://mnt.to/l/4mtP
Medtronic, Inc. has announced that the CoreValve® System showed results superior to surgical aortic valve replacement (SAVR) at one year in the High Risk Study of its CoreValve U.S.

Hospital readmission rates not a reliable measure of hospital quality in cardiac surgical care
http://mnt.to/l/4mtD
Hospital readmission rates are not a reliable measure of hospital quality in cardiac surgical care because they are driven by chance rather than statistically significant measurements, according...

Setting clocks ahead 1 hour may accelerate cardiac events
http://mnt.to/l/4mtb
Still feeling the residual effects of springing ahead for daylight saving time?

Older women who consume too many diet drinks at increased risk for heart trouble
http://mnt.to/l/4mt9
It appears healthy postmenopausal women who drink two or more diet drinks a day may be more likely to have a heart attack, stroke or other cardiovascular problems, according to research to be...

More heart patients could benefit from commonly used intra-aortic balloon pump
http://mnt.to/l/4mt7
The most frequently used mechanical circulatory assist device in the world may have untapped potential, physicians say.

Reversing erectile dysfunction without medication
http://mnt.to/l/4mt6
Men suffering from sexual dysfunction can be successful at reversing their problem, by focusing on lifestyle factors and not just relying on medication, according to research at the University...

Fruit and vegetable consumption linked to healthier arteries later in life
http://mnt.to/l/4msW
Women who ate a diet high in fresh fruits and vegetables as young adults were much less likely to have plaque build-up in their arteries 20 years later compared with those who consumed lower...

Giving birth to 4 or more babies increases mom's risk of heart disease
http://mnt.to/l/4msJ
Women who give birth to four or more children are much more likely to have evidence of plaque in their heart or thickening of their arteries - early signs of cardiovascular disease - compared...

The incidence and impact of stent thrombosis during PCI reduced by anti-clotting agent
http://mnt.to/l/4msj
A new angiographic analysis of the CHAMPION PHOENIX trial examined the incidence and impact of stent thrombosis (ST) in patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI).

----------------------------------------------
** CERVICAL CANCER / HPV VACCINE News **

Safety and immunogenicity of 2 doses of the HPV-16/18 AS04 adjuvanted vaccine Cervarix
http://mnt.to/l/4mtk
A recent study in the journal Human Vaccines & Immunotherapeutics, showed that two doses of the HPV-16/18 AS04-adjuvanted vaccine Cervarix (GlaxoSmithKline) are non-inferior to three-doses in...

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** CHOLESTEROL News **

Children in the US: 1 in 3 may have high cholesterol
http://mnt.to/l/4mvR
New research reveals that 1 in 3 children in the US may have high cholesterol - putting them at higher risk for cardiovascular disease and atherosclerosis later in life.

Findings underscore the importance of universal pediatric cholesterol screening
http://mnt.to/l/4msD
Roughly one out of three kids screened for high cholesterol between the ages of 9 and 11 has borderline or high cholesterol, potentially placing them at greater risk for future cardiovascular...

----------------------------------------------
** CLINICAL TRIALS / DRUG TRIALS News **

Results of pooled analysis confirms HORIZONS-AMI/EUROMAX results in STEMI patients
http://mnt.to/l/4mtW
The Medicines Company has reported a presentation of a pooled analysis of 5,800 patients in the EUROMAX and HORIZONS-AMI trials, two international clinical trials comparing Angiomax(R)...

----------------------------------------------
** COLORECTAL CANCER News **

Low-dose aspirin use linked to improved colon cancer survival
http://mnt.to/l/4mtS
Patients who have been diagnosed with colon cancer and take low-dose aspirin may have better survival than non-asprin users with the cancer, according to new research.

Key regulator of colon cancer discovered
http://mnt.to/l/4msh
A team headed by Angel R. Nebreda at the Institute for Research in Biomedicine (IRB) identifies a dual role of the p38 protein in colon cancer.

----------------------------------------------
** CONFERENCES News **

Open dialogue between HCPs and breast cancer patients can improve experience
http://mnt.to/l/4mv5
Research presented at the 9th European Breast Cancer Conference reveals that most breast cancer patients feel their health care providers include them in treatment decisions.

----------------------------------------------
** CROHN'S / IBD News **

Key regulator of colon cancer discovered
http://mnt.to/l/4msh
A team headed by Angel R. Nebreda at the Institute for Research in Biomedicine (IRB) identifies a dual role of the p38 protein in colon cancer.

----------------------------------------------
** DENTISTRY News **

New gel to promote bone growth on implants used in orthopaedic and dental surgical procedures
http://mnt.to/l/4mtG
A research group at Uppsala University has developed a new responsive coating for implants used in surgery to improve their integration into bone and to prevent rejection.

----------------------------------------------
** DIABETES News **

Weight loss surgery treats type 2 diabetes in obese patients
http://mnt.to/l/4mv9
Bariatric surgery is a lasting treatment for obese patients with type 2 diabetes, suggests a new study, in which many patients were free of medication and insulin 3 years later.

----------------------------------------------
** EAR, NOSE AND THROAT News **

Hearing loss affects old people's personality
http://mnt.to/l/4mv8
As people approach old age, they generally become less outgoing. New research from the University of Gothenburg shows that this change in personality is amplified among people with impaired...

Biomarkers predict effectiveness of radiation treatments for head and neck cancer
http://mnt.to/l/4msf
An international team of researchers, led by Beaumont Health System's Jan Akervall, M.D., Ph.D.

----------------------------------------------
** ENDOCRINOLOGY News **

Pollution "feminizes" more male fish on the basque coast
http://mnt.to/l/4mt4
Members of the Cell Biology in Environmental Toxicology group have discovered evidence of "feminization" of male fish in the estuaries of Gernika, Arriluze, Santurtzi, Plentzia, Ondarroa, Deba...

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** ERECTILE DYSFUNCTION / PREMATURE EJACULATION News **

Statins may offer added benefit for men with erectile dysfunction
http://mnt.to/l/4mtd
Statins are associated with a significant improvement in erectile function, a fact researchers hope will encourage men who need statins to reduce their risk of heart attack to take them...

Reversing erectile dysfunction without medication
http://mnt.to/l/4mt6
Men suffering from sexual dysfunction can be successful at reversing their problem, by focusing on lifestyle factors and not just relying on medication, according to research at the University...

----------------------------------------------
** FERTILITY News **

Preserving fertility in boys with cancer
http://mnt.to/l/4ms7
Scientists have moved a step closer to being able to preserve fertility in young boys who undergo chemotherapy and radiation treatments for cancer.

----------------------------------------------
** GASTROINTESTINAL / GASTROENTEROLOGY News **

Study adds to mounting evidence of the role systemic inflammation may play in heart health
http://mnt.to/l/4mtf
People with celiac disease may have a near two-fold increased risk of coronary artery disease compared with the general population, according to research presented at the American College of...

Researchers identify cause for exaggerated insulin response in subset of bariatric surgery patients
http://mnt.to/l/4mst
University of Cincinnati (UC) researchers have discovered that altered islet cell function and reduced insulin clearance contribute to excessive post-meal insulin response in patients...

----------------------------------------------
** GENETICS News **

Urine test could help predict recurrence of bladder cancer
http://mnt.to/l/4mtY
Bladder cancer is characterized by a high risk of recurrence, but now, researchers have developed a urine test that accurately predicts tumor reappearance.

Researchers testing gene therapy to thwart effects of multiple sclerosis
http://mnt.to/l/4mtH
In patients with multiple sclerosis, the body turns on itself, launching an immune system attack that destroys the coating around nerve fibers in the central nervous system, leaving them exposed...

New predictive tool may help to determine if further cancer treatments are necessary
http://mnt.to/l/4mtn
UT Southwestern Medical Center researchers are developing a new predictive tool that could help patients with breast cancer and certain lung cancers decide whether follow-up treatments are...

Trends in genetics and epigenetics of aging and longevity
http://mnt.to/l/4mth
Since the dawn of civilization people were searching for clues to longevity and trying to extend human lifespan.

New approach to leukemia testing may better define prognosis, treatment
http://mnt.to/l/4mt8
Nearly half of patients with the most common form of adult leukemia are said to have normal chromosomes but appear instead to have a distinct pattern of genetic abnormalities that could better...

----------------------------------------------
** HEADACHE / MIGRAINE News **

FDA approves Topamax for migraine prevention in adolescents
http://mnt.to/l/4mtM
The U.S. Food and Drug Administration has approved Topamax (topiramate) for prevention (prophylaxis) of migraine headaches in adolescents ages 12 to 17.

----------------------------------------------
** HEART DISEASE News **

Mid-life mental function linked back to heart health in young adulthood
http://mnt.to/l/4mvZ
New study links heart health in early adulthood with cognitive function in mid-life and suggests keeping blood pressure, blood sugar and cholesterol in check before the age of 30.

Study further illuminates heart-healthy benefits of Mediterranean diet
http://mnt.to/l/4mv7
New research further illuminates the heart-healthy benefits of the Mediterranean diet, tying the eating plan to lower levels of platelets and white blood cells, two markers of inflammation.

Results of pooled analysis confirms HORIZONS-AMI/EUROMAX results in STEMI patients
http://mnt.to/l/4mtW
The Medicines Company has reported a presentation of a pooled analysis of 5,800 patients in the EUROMAX and HORIZONS-AMI trials, two international clinical trials comparing Angiomax(R)...

World's first transcatheter valve, Medtronic Melody® transcatheter pulmonary valve shows positive clinical outcomes in real-world study
http://mnt.to/l/4mtV
Medtronic, Inc. has announced the one-year results of the Melody® Transcatheter Pulmonary Valve (TPV) U.S.

Medtronic CoreValve® System results superior to open-heart surgery at one year in U.S. pivotal trial
http://mnt.to/l/4mtP
Medtronic, Inc. has announced that the CoreValve® System showed results superior to surgical aortic valve replacement (SAVR) at one year in the High Risk Study of its CoreValve U.S.

Hospital readmission rates not a reliable measure of hospital quality in cardiac surgical care
http://mnt.to/l/4mtD
Hospital readmission rates are not a reliable measure of hospital quality in cardiac surgical care because they are driven by chance rather than statistically significant measurements, according...

Study adds to mounting evidence of the role systemic inflammation may play in heart health
http://mnt.to/l/4mtf
People with celiac disease may have a near two-fold increased risk of coronary artery disease compared with the general population, according to research presented at the American College of...

Setting clocks ahead 1 hour may accelerate cardiac events
http://mnt.to/l/4mtb
Still feeling the residual effects of springing ahead for daylight saving time?

More heart patients could benefit from commonly used intra-aortic balloon pump
http://mnt.to/l/4mt7
The most frequently used mechanical circulatory assist device in the world may have untapped potential, physicians say.

Reversing erectile dysfunction without medication
http://mnt.to/l/4mt6
Men suffering from sexual dysfunction can be successful at reversing their problem, by focusing on lifestyle factors and not just relying on medication, according to research at the University...

Fruit and vegetable consumption linked to healthier arteries later in life
http://mnt.to/l/4msW
Women who ate a diet high in fresh fruits and vegetables as young adults were much less likely to have plaque build-up in their arteries 20 years later compared with those who consumed lower...

Giving birth to 4 or more babies increases mom's risk of heart disease
http://mnt.to/l/4msJ
Women who give birth to four or more children are much more likely to have evidence of plaque in their heart or thickening of their arteries - early signs of cardiovascular disease - compared...

Findings underscore the importance of universal pediatric cholesterol screening
http://mnt.to/l/4msD
Roughly one out of three kids screened for high cholesterol between the ages of 9 and 11 has borderline or high cholesterol, potentially placing them at greater risk for future cardiovascular...

----------------------------------------------
** HIV / AIDS News **

Good bacteria identified that protects against HIV
http://mnt.to/l/4msy
Researchers at the University of Texas Medical Branch at Galveston by growing vaginal skin cells outside the body and studying the way they interact with "good and bad" bacteria, think they may...

----------------------------------------------
** HYPERTENSION News **

Obesity prevention programs can lower kids' blood pressure, even if they don't reduce body fat
http://mnt.to/l/4mtj
One of the serious health consequences of obesity is elevated blood pressure (BP), a particular problem in children because research has found that high BP in children usually follows them into...

----------------------------------------------
** IMMUNE SYSTEM / VACCINES News **

Nano-paper filter removes viruses
http://mnt.to/l/4mtR
Researchers at the Division of Nanotechnology and Functional Materials, Uppsala University have developed a paper filter, which can remove virus particles with the efficiency matching that of...

Researchers testing gene therapy to thwart effects of multiple sclerosis
http://mnt.to/l/4mtH
In patients with multiple sclerosis, the body turns on itself, launching an immune system attack that destroys the coating around nerve fibers in the central nervous system, leaving them exposed...

----------------------------------------------
** INFECTIOUS DISEASES / BACTERIA / VIRUSES News **

Nano-paper filter removes viruses
http://mnt.to/l/4mtR
Researchers at the Division of Nanotechnology and Functional Materials, Uppsala University have developed a paper filter, which can remove virus particles with the efficiency matching that of...

Stigmas, once evolutionarily sound, are now bad health strategies
http://mnt.to/l/4mtm
Stigmatization may have once served to protect early humans from infectious diseases, but that strategy may do more harm than good for modern humans, according to Penn State researchers.

Good bacteria identified that protects against HIV
http://mnt.to/l/4msy
Researchers at the University of Texas Medical Branch at Galveston by growing vaginal skin cells outside the body and studying the way they interact with "good and bad" bacteria, think they may...

----------------------------------------------
** IT / INTERNET / E-MAIL News **

UGent researchers demonstrate information processing using a light-based chip inspired by our brain
http://mnt.to/l/4mtJ
In a paper in Nature Communications, researchers from Ghent University report on a novel paradigm to do optical information processing on a chip, using techniques inspired by the way our brain...

Minimally invasive surgery set to improve with new guidance system
http://mnt.to/l/4mss
Johns Hopkins researchers have devised a computerized process that could make minimally invasive surgery more accurate and streamlined using equipment already common in the operating room.

----------------------------------------------
** LIVER DISEASE / HEPATITIS News **

Screening for hepatocellular carcinoma associated with curative treatment and longer survival in patients with cirrhosis
http://mnt.to/l/4mpm
In a systematic review and meta-analysis of 47 studies with 15,158 patients, Amit Singal (University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center) and colleagues found that patients with cirrhosis who...

----------------------------------------------
** LUNG CANCER News **

New predictive tool may help to determine if further cancer treatments are necessary
http://mnt.to/l/4mtn
UT Southwestern Medical Center researchers are developing a new predictive tool that could help patients with breast cancer and certain lung cancers decide whether follow-up treatments are...

----------------------------------------------
** LYMPHOMA / LEUKEMIA / MYELOMA News **

New approach to leukemia testing may better define prognosis, treatment
http://mnt.to/l/4mt8
Nearly half of patients with the most common form of adult leukemia are said to have normal chromosomes but appear instead to have a distinct pattern of genetic abnormalities that could better...

----------------------------------------------
** MEDICAL DEVICES / DIAGNOSTICS News **

Researchers find simple blood iron test predicts fatal outcomes in the general population
http://mnt.to/l/4mv6
A new study led by researchers at the Graduate Entry Medical School (GEMS), University of Limerick (UL) has found that people with low levels and very high levels of a commonly measured...

Nano-paper filter removes viruses
http://mnt.to/l/4mtR
Researchers at the Division of Nanotechnology and Functional Materials, Uppsala University have developed a paper filter, which can remove virus particles with the efficiency matching that of...

Medtronic CoreValve® System results superior to open-heart surgery at one year in U.S. pivotal trial
http://mnt.to/l/4mtP
Medtronic, Inc. has announced that the CoreValve® System showed results superior to surgical aortic valve replacement (SAVR) at one year in the High Risk Study of its CoreValve U.S.

More heart patients could benefit from commonly used intra-aortic balloon pump
http://mnt.to/l/4mt7
The most frequently used mechanical circulatory assist device in the world may have untapped potential, physicians say.

Minimally invasive surgery set to improve with new guidance system
http://mnt.to/l/4mss
Johns Hopkins researchers have devised a computerized process that could make minimally invasive surgery more accurate and streamlined using equipment already common in the operating room.

Screening for hepatocellular carcinoma associated with curative treatment and longer survival in patients with cirrhosis
http://mnt.to/l/4mpm
In a systematic review and meta-analysis of 47 studies with 15,158 patients, Amit Singal (University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center) and colleagues found that patients with cirrhosis who...

----------------------------------------------
** MEDICAL PRACTICE MANAGEMENT News **

Children in the US: 1 in 3 may have high cholesterol
http://mnt.to/l/4mvR
New research reveals that 1 in 3 children in the US may have high cholesterol - putting them at higher risk for cardiovascular disease and atherosclerosis later in life.

----------------------------------------------
** MENOPAUSE News **

Older women who consume too many diet drinks at increased risk for heart trouble
http://mnt.to/l/4mt9
It appears healthy postmenopausal women who drink two or more diet drinks a day may be more likely to have a heart attack, stroke or other cardiovascular problems, according to research to be...

----------------------------------------------
** MENTAL HEALTH News **

UCL and Max Planck Society invest €5m to open world's first computational psychiatry centre
http://mnt.to/l/4mtF
The world's first centre for computational psychiatry opens today (Tuesday 1st April), following a €5m investment from the Max Planck Society and UCL to be spent over the next 5 years.

----------------------------------------------
** MRI / PET / ULTRASOUND News **

Screening for hepatocellular carcinoma associated with curative treatment and longer survival in patients with cirrhosis
http://mnt.to/l/4mpm
In a systematic review and meta-analysis of 47 studies with 15,158 patients, Amit Singal (University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center) and colleagues found that patients with cirrhosis who...

----------------------------------------------
** MULTIPLE SCLEROSIS News **

Researchers testing gene therapy to thwart effects of multiple sclerosis
http://mnt.to/l/4mtH
In patients with multiple sclerosis, the body turns on itself, launching an immune system attack that destroys the coating around nerve fibers in the central nervous system, leaving them exposed...

----------------------------------------------
** NEUROLOGY / NEUROSCIENCE News **

Mid-life mental function linked back to heart health in young adulthood
http://mnt.to/l/4mvZ
New study links heart health in early adulthood with cognitive function in mid-life and suggests keeping blood pressure, blood sugar and cholesterol in check before the age of 30.

UGent researchers demonstrate information processing using a light-based chip inspired by our brain
http://mnt.to/l/4mtJ
In a paper in Nature Communications, researchers from Ghent University report on a novel paradigm to do optical information processing on a chip, using techniques inspired by the way our brain...

Prognosis of children with deadly inherited disorder may be improved by repeated hUCB injections
http://mnt.to/l/4mtp
New insight has been gained into treating an inherited disorder that creates serious neurological and behavioral disabilities in children and usually leads to death in the teen years.

A biomarker for postoperative cognitive dysfunction - aspartic acid in the hippocampus:
http://mnt.to/l/4mt3
Postoperative cognitive dysfunction is the deterioration of cognitive performance after anesthesia and surgery, and manifests as impairments in short-term memory, concentration, language...

Optimal duration of percutaneous microballoon compression for trigeminal nerve injury
http://mnt.to/l/4msZ
Percutaneous microballoon compression of the trigeminal ganglion is a brand new operative technique for the treatment of trigeminal neuralgia.

Promising results using adult cancer drugs against aggressive childhood brain tumor
http://mnt.to/l/4ms9
A St. Jude Children's Research Hospital-led study identified two adult cancer drugs with potential to improve treatment of a high-risk childhood brain tumor; the drugs are now part of a...

----------------------------------------------
** NUTRITION / DIET News **

Study further illuminates heart-healthy benefits of Mediterranean diet
http://mnt.to/l/4mv7
New research further illuminates the heart-healthy benefits of the Mediterranean diet, tying the eating plan to lower levels of platelets and white blood cells, two markers of inflammation.

'Eat seven portions of fruit and veg a day' to lower death risk
http://mnt.to/l/4mv2
According to a new study, everyone should be eating at least seven portions of fruit and vegetables a day. But how can this be encouraged through policy and nutrition guidelines?

Older women who consume too many diet drinks at increased risk for heart trouble
http://mnt.to/l/4mt9
It appears healthy postmenopausal women who drink two or more diet drinks a day may be more likely to have a heart attack, stroke or other cardiovascular problems, according to research to be...

Influence of TV on snacking habits, cardiovascular risk in middle schoolers
http://mnt.to/l/4msX
Middle school kids who park themselves in front of the TV for two hours or more each day are more likely to consume junk food and have risk factors for cardiovascular disease, even compared to...

Fruit and vegetable consumption linked to healthier arteries later in life
http://mnt.to/l/4msW
Women who ate a diet high in fresh fruits and vegetables as young adults were much less likely to have plaque build-up in their arteries 20 years later compared with those who consumed lower...

----------------------------------------------
** OBESITY / WEIGHT LOSS / FITNESS News **

Weight loss surgery treats type 2 diabetes in obese patients
http://mnt.to/l/4mv9
Bariatric surgery is a lasting treatment for obese patients with type 2 diabetes, suggests a new study, in which many patients were free of medication and insulin 3 years later.

Obesity prevention programs can lower kids' blood pressure, even if they don't reduce body fat
http://mnt.to/l/4mtj
One of the serious health consequences of obesity is elevated blood pressure (BP), a particular problem in children because research has found that high BP in children usually follows them into...

Influence of TV on snacking habits, cardiovascular risk in middle schoolers
http://mnt.to/l/4msX
Middle school kids who park themselves in front of the TV for two hours or more each day are more likely to consume junk food and have risk factors for cardiovascular disease, even compared to...

Researchers identify cause for exaggerated insulin response in subset of bariatric surgery patients
http://mnt.to/l/4mst
University of Cincinnati (UC) researchers have discovered that altered islet cell function and reduced insulin clearance contribute to excessive post-meal insulin response in patients...

----------------------------------------------
** PAIN / ANESTHETICS News **

A biomarker for postoperative cognitive dysfunction - aspartic acid in the hippocampus:
http://mnt.to/l/4mt3
Postoperative cognitive dysfunction is the deterioration of cognitive performance after anesthesia and surgery, and manifests as impairments in short-term memory, concentration, language...

Optimal duration of percutaneous microballoon compression for trigeminal nerve injury
http://mnt.to/l/4msZ
Percutaneous microballoon compression of the trigeminal ganglion is a brand new operative technique for the treatment of trigeminal neuralgia.

Patient satisfaction scores in the ER are not affected by receipt of painkillers
http://mnt.to/l/4msb
Factors other than receipt of painkillers - including opiates - in the emergency department appear to be more important to patient satisfaction, as reflected in an analysis of Press Ganey&reg...

----------------------------------------------
** PEDIATRICS / CHILDREN'S HEALTH News **

Children in the US: 1 in 3 may have high cholesterol
http://mnt.to/l/4mvR
New research reveals that 1 in 3 children in the US may have high cholesterol - putting them at higher risk for cardiovascular disease and atherosclerosis later in life.

Popular teens are also bullied, study shows
http://mnt.to/l/4mvb
Study finds as teenagers' popularity rises, so does the risk of them being victimized and the higher the risk of negative consequences, possibly because they have farther to fall.

FDA approves Topamax for migraine prevention in adolescents
http://mnt.to/l/4mtM
The U.S. Food and Drug Administration has approved Topamax (topiramate) for prevention (prophylaxis) of migraine headaches in adolescents ages 12 to 17.

Prognosis of children with deadly inherited disorder may be improved by repeated hUCB injections
http://mnt.to/l/4mtp
New insight has been gained into treating an inherited disorder that creates serious neurological and behavioral disabilities in children and usually leads to death in the teen years.

Obesity prevention programs can lower kids' blood pressure, even if they don't reduce body fat
http://mnt.to/l/4mtj
One of the serious health consequences of obesity is elevated blood pressure (BP), a particular problem in children because research has found that high BP in children usually follows them into...

Influence of TV on snacking habits, cardiovascular risk in middle schoolers
http://mnt.to/l/4msX
Middle school kids who park themselves in front of the TV for two hours or more each day are more likely to consume junk food and have risk factors for cardiovascular disease, even compared to...

Findings underscore the importance of universal pediatric cholesterol screening
http://mnt.to/l/4msD
Roughly one out of three kids screened for high cholesterol between the ages of 9 and 11 has borderline or high cholesterol, potentially placing them at greater risk for future cardiovascular...

Life-threatening experiences in infants likely involve esophageal function
http://mnt.to/l/4msz
About 1 percent of all emergency room visits are prompted by near-death experiences in infants, such as extended periods without breathing or sudden changes in skin pallor or muscle tone.

Chronic stress in early years leads to anxiety, aggression in adulthood
http://mnt.to/l/4msr
In recent years, behavioral neuroscientists have debated the meaning and significance of a plethora of independently conducted experiments seeking to establish the impact of chronic, early-life...

Promising results using adult cancer drugs against aggressive childhood brain tumor
http://mnt.to/l/4ms9
A St. Jude Children's Research Hospital-led study identified two adult cancer drugs with potential to improve treatment of a high-risk childhood brain tumor; the drugs are now part of a...

Preserving fertility in boys with cancer
http://mnt.to/l/4ms7
Scientists have moved a step closer to being able to preserve fertility in young boys who undergo chemotherapy and radiation treatments for cancer.

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** PREGNANCY / OBSTETRICS News **

Giving birth to 4 or more babies increases mom's risk of heart disease
http://mnt.to/l/4msJ
Women who give birth to four or more children are much more likely to have evidence of plaque in their heart or thickening of their arteries - early signs of cardiovascular disease - compared...

The connection between being underweight and the higher risk of dying is true for both adults and fetuses
http://mnt.to/l/4msC
Being underweight puts people at highest risk of dying, just as obesity does, new research has found.

----------------------------------------------
** PREVENTIVE MEDICINE News **

'Eat seven portions of fruit and veg a day' to lower death risk
http://mnt.to/l/4mv2
According to a new study, everyone should be eating at least seven portions of fruit and vegetables a day. But how can this be encouraged through policy and nutrition guidelines?

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** PRIMARY CARE / GENERAL PRACTICE News **

Open dialogue between HCPs and breast cancer patients can improve experience
http://mnt.to/l/4mv5
Research presented at the 9th European Breast Cancer Conference reveals that most breast cancer patients feel their health care providers include them in treatment decisions.

Low-dose aspirin use linked to improved colon cancer survival
http://mnt.to/l/4mtS
Patients who have been diagnosed with colon cancer and take low-dose aspirin may have better survival than non-asprin users with the cancer, according to new research.

----------------------------------------------
** PSYCHOLOGY / PSYCHIATRY News **

Are allergies made worse by stress?
http://mnt.to/l/4mvY
Allergies are not caused by stress, but according to new research published in the Annals of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology, stress could make allergy symptoms worse.

Popular teens are also bullied, study shows
http://mnt.to/l/4mvb
Study finds as teenagers' popularity rises, so does the risk of them being victimized and the higher the risk of negative consequences, possibly because they have farther to fall.

Hearing loss affects old people's personality
http://mnt.to/l/4mv8
As people approach old age, they generally become less outgoing. New research from the University of Gothenburg shows that this change in personality is amplified among people with impaired...

UCL and Max Planck Society invest €5m to open world's first computational psychiatry centre
http://mnt.to/l/4mtF
The world's first centre for computational psychiatry opens today (Tuesday 1st April), following a €5m investment from the Max Planck Society and UCL to be spent over the next 5 years.

Stigmas, once evolutionarily sound, are now bad health strategies
http://mnt.to/l/4mtm
Stigmatization may have once served to protect early humans from infectious diseases, but that strategy may do more harm than good for modern humans, according to Penn State researchers.

Concern for justice linked with reason, not emotion
http://mnt.to/l/4msx
People who care about justice are swayed more by reason than emotion, according to new brain scan research from the Department of Psychology and Center for Cognitive and Social Neuroscience.

Health influenced by religion and spirituality in different but complementary ways
http://mnt.to/l/4msw
Religion and spirituality have distinct but complementary influences on health, new research from Oregon State University indicates.

Chronic stress in early years leads to anxiety, aggression in adulthood
http://mnt.to/l/4msr
In recent years, behavioral neuroscientists have debated the meaning and significance of a plethora of independently conducted experiments seeking to establish the impact of chronic, early-life...

----------------------------------------------
** PUBLIC HEALTH News **

Anti-anxiety drugs and sleeping pills linked to risk of death
http://mnt.to/l/4mv4
Anti-anxiety
drugs and sleeping pills have been linked to an increased risk of death, according to new research from the University of Warwick.

Air pollution from agriculture: research clarifies the health costs
http://mnt.to/l/4mtg
Ammonia pollution from agricultural sources poses larger health costs than previously estimated, according to NASA-funded research.

World's first fluorescent sensor developed to detect date rape drug
http://mnt.to/l/4mt5
A team of researchers from the National University of Singapore (NUS) has developed the world's first fluorescent sensor to identify the presence of a drug known as GHB that is commonly used to...

Pollution "feminizes" more male fish on the basque coast
http://mnt.to/l/4mt4
Members of the Cell Biology in Environmental Toxicology group have discovered evidence of "feminization" of male fish in the estuaries of Gernika, Arriluze, Santurtzi, Plentzia, Ondarroa, Deba...

The connection between being underweight and the higher risk of dying is true for both adults and fetuses
http://mnt.to/l/4msC
Being underweight puts people at highest risk of dying, just as obesity does, new research has found.

Health influenced by religion and spirituality in different but complementary ways
http://mnt.to/l/4msw
Religion and spirituality have distinct but complementary influences on health, new research from Oregon State University indicates.

Patient satisfaction scores in the ER are not affected by receipt of painkillers
http://mnt.to/l/4msb
Factors other than receipt of painkillers - including opiates - in the emergency department appear to be more important to patient satisfaction, as reflected in an analysis of Press Ganey&reg...

----------------------------------------------
** RADIOLOGY / NUCLEAR MEDICINE News **

Biomarkers predict effectiveness of radiation treatments for head and neck cancer
http://mnt.to/l/4msf
An international team of researchers, led by Beaumont Health System's Jan Akervall, M.D., Ph.D.

----------------------------------------------
** REGULATORY AFFAIRS / DRUG APPROVALS News **

FDA approves first long-acting recombinant coagulation Factor IX concentrate for patients with Hemophilia B
http://mnt.to/l/4mtT
The U.S. Food and Drug Administration has approved Alprolix, Coagulation Factor IX (Recombinant), Fc Fusion Protein, for use in adults and children who have Hemophilia B.

FDA approves Topamax for migraine prevention in adolescents
http://mnt.to/l/4mtM
The U.S. Food and Drug Administration has approved Topamax (topiramate) for prevention (prophylaxis) of migraine headaches in adolescents ages 12 to 17.

----------------------------------------------
** RESPIRATORY / ASTHMA News **

Life-threatening experiences in infants likely involve esophageal function
http://mnt.to/l/4msz
About 1 percent of all emergency room visits are prompted by near-death experiences in infants, such as extended periods without breathing or sudden changes in skin pallor or muscle tone.

----------------------------------------------
** SENIORS / AGING News **

Hearing loss affects old people's personality
http://mnt.to/l/4mv8
As people approach old age, they generally become less outgoing. New research from the University of Gothenburg shows that this change in personality is amplified among people with impaired...

Trends in genetics and epigenetics of aging and longevity
http://mnt.to/l/4mth
Since the dawn of civilization people were searching for clues to longevity and trying to extend human lifespan.

Markers of molecular aging in the blood of breast cancer survivors increased by adjuvant chemotherapy
http://mnt.to/l/4mt2
Adjuvant chemotherapy for breast cancer is "gerontogenic", accelerating the pace of physiologic aging, according to a new study published in the Journal of the National Cancer Institute.

Key protein link discovered by cancer researchers
http://mnt.to/l/4msc
A new understanding of proteins at the nexus of a cell's decision to survive or die has implications for researchers who study cancer and age-related diseases, according to biophysicists at the...

----------------------------------------------
** SEXUAL HEALTH / STDS News **

World's first fluorescent sensor developed to detect date rape drug
http://mnt.to/l/4mt5
A team of researchers from the National University of Singapore (NUS) has developed the world's first fluorescent sensor to identify the presence of a drug known as GHB that is commonly used to...

Good bacteria identified that protects against HIV
http://mnt.to/l/4msy
Researchers at the University of Texas Medical Branch at Galveston by growing vaginal skin cells outside the body and studying the way they interact with "good and bad" bacteria, think they may...

----------------------------------------------
** SLEEP / SLEEP DISORDERS / INSOMNIA News **

Anti-anxiety drugs and sleeping pills linked to risk of death
http://mnt.to/l/4mv4
Anti-anxiety
drugs and sleeping pills have been linked to an increased risk of death, according to new research from the University of Warwick.

Setting clocks ahead 1 hour may accelerate cardiac events
http://mnt.to/l/4mtb
Still feeling the residual effects of springing ahead for daylight saving time?

----------------------------------------------
** STATINS News **

Statins may offer added benefit for men with erectile dysfunction
http://mnt.to/l/4mtd
Statins are associated with a significant improvement in erectile function, a fact researchers hope will encourage men who need statins to reduce their risk of heart attack to take them...

----------------------------------------------
** STEM CELL RESEARCH News **

Prognosis of children with deadly inherited disorder may be improved by repeated hUCB injections
http://mnt.to/l/4mtp
New insight has been gained into treating an inherited disorder that creates serious neurological and behavioral disabilities in children and usually leads to death in the teen years.

----------------------------------------------
** UROLOGY / NEPHROLOGY News **

Urine test could help predict recurrence of bladder cancer
http://mnt.to/l/4mtY
Bladder cancer is characterized by a high risk of recurrence, but now, researchers have developed a urine test that accurately predicts tumor reappearance.

----------------------------------------------
** WATER - AIR QUALITY / AGRICULTURE News **

Air pollution from agriculture: research clarifies the health costs
http://mnt.to/l/4mtg
Ammonia pollution from agricultural sources poses larger health costs than previously estimated, according to NASA-funded research.

Pollution "feminizes" more male fish on the basque coast
http://mnt.to/l/4mt4
Members of the Cell Biology in Environmental Toxicology group have discovered evidence of "feminization" of male fish in the estuaries of Gernika, Arriluze, Santurtzi, Plentzia, Ondarroa, Deba...

-------------------------------------------------------------

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