Medical News Today daily newsletter - 9 April 2014

Dear kostik,

Welcome to today's Medical News Today newsletter, containing the most recent headlines from your chosen news categories.

----------------------------------------------
** ADHD News **

Antipsychotic drug use among ADHD-diagnosed foster care youth is increasing
http://mnt.to/l/4mDV
Antipsychotic medications are often used for unlabeled indications, such as treatment of children and adolescents with attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD).

Those with a genetic predisposition to liking amphetamine are at a reduced risk of schizophrenia and ADHD
http://mnt.to/l/4mD4
Genetic variants associated with enjoying the effects of d-amphetamine - the active ingredient in Adderall - are also associated with a reduced risk for developing schizophrenia and attention...

----------------------------------------------
** ALCOHOL / ADDICTION / ILLEGAL DRUGS News **

Why is underage drinking targeted when studies suggest it is in decline?
http://mnt.to/l/4mFQ
This year, Alcohol Awareness Month tackles the issue of underage drinking. We take a look at the associated statistics to see how much of a problem underage drinking is in 2014.

Emotion brain region linked to problem gambling
http://mnt.to/l/4mFx
New study suggests the distorted thinking that problem gamblers seem more susceptible to is not present in people who have suffered damage to the insula.

Part of the brain linked to gambling addiction identified
http://mnt.to/l/4mDs
New research reveals that brain damage affecting the insula - an area with a key role in emotions - disrupts errors of thinking linked to gambling addiction.

Those with a genetic predisposition to liking amphetamine are at a reduced risk of schizophrenia and ADHD
http://mnt.to/l/4mD4
Genetic variants associated with enjoying the effects of d-amphetamine - the active ingredient in Adderall - are also associated with a reduced risk for developing schizophrenia and attention...

----------------------------------------------
** ALZHEIMER'S / DEMENTIA News **

Complex relationship between slow-wave sleep and odor memory revealed
http://mnt.to/l/4mDK
A failing sense of smell can predict neurodegenerative disorders. Now, researchers investigate how the accuracy of different odor memories can be amplified in slow-wave sleep.

2 new studies find no evidence of Alzheimer's disease-associated changes in adolescents carrying genetic risk factors
http://mnt.to/l/4mDg
Two studies published in the Journal of Alzheimer's Disease indicate that some of the pathologic changes associated with Alzheimer's disease in older individuals are not apparent in young people...

African Americans may be at a greatly increased risk for Alzheimer's disease
http://mnt.to/l/4mD3
The risk for developing Alzheimer's disease among older African Americans may be two to three times greater than in the non-Hispanic white population and that they differ from the non-Hispanic...

----------------------------------------------
** ANXIETY / STRESS News **

Young domestic violence witnesses suffer fear, anxiety while perpetrators rarely face jail time
http://mnt.to/l/4mDm
A nationwide study of children who have witnessed domestic violence found that parents or caregivers were physically injured in more than a third of the cases, yet only a small fraction of...

For some children genes increase the stress of social disadvantage
http://mnt.to/l/4mDj
Genes amplify the stress of harsh environments for some children, and magnify the advantage of supportive environments for other children, according to a study that's one of the first to...

----------------------------------------------
** BIOLOGY / BIOCHEMISTRY News **

Method offers potential for understanding anti-bacterial resistance
http://mnt.to/l/4mFk
Biologists could gain a deeper understanding about how species have evolved - and even find ways to address antibiotic resistance - using tools that were developed recently at Stockholm's KTH...

----------------------------------------------
** BLOOD / HEMATOLOGY News **

Solving platelet 'puzzle' uncovers blood disorder link
http://mnt.to/l/4mDb
The puzzle as to how an essential blood-making hormone stimulates production of the blood clotting cells known as platelets has been solved by Melbourne researchers.

----------------------------------------------
** BONES / ORTHOPEDICS News **

New functional details of common anti-diabetic drugs revealed
http://mnt.to/l/4mDv
Scientists thought they basically knew how the most common drugs used to treat type 2 diabetes worked, but a new study from the Florida campus of The Scripps Research Institute (TSRI) reveals...

Treating mitochondrial disease with vitamin B3
http://mnt.to/l/4mD9
B vitamins have recently turned out to be potent modifiers of energy metabolism, especially the function of mitochondria.

Human bones are remarkably plastic and respond surprisingly quickly to change
http://mnt.to/l/4mD2
Human bones are remarkably plastic and respond surprisingly quickly to change.

Fewer bone fractures among non-white women in higher social classes
http://mnt.to/l/4mC9
If you are a middle-aged African-American or Asian woman, your social class may play a significant role in how likely you are to suffer bone fractures, a UCLA-led study suggests.

----------------------------------------------
** BREAST CANCER News **

Scientists find link between brain development and breast cancer gene
http://mnt.to/l/4mFV
Mutations in the BRCA1 gene are known to increase the risk of breast and ovarian cancer. Now, researchers have uncovered a link between this gene and brain development.

Tissue testing during breast cancer lumpectomies prevents need for reoperation 96 percent of time
http://mnt.to/l/4mDL
Unique laboratory testing during breast cancer lumpectomies to make sure surgeons remove all cancerous tissue spares patients the need for a repeat lumpectomy in roughly 96 percent of cases at...

Could controversial Canadian mammography study spark new thinking in the U.S.?
http://mnt.to/l/4mD7
A recent report from the Canadian National Breast Screening Study (CNBSS) concluded that mammography screening does not reduce deaths from breast cancer.

Radiotherapy for breast cancer may increase risk of developing lung cancer
http://mnt.to/l/4mCn
Women who have radiotherapy for breast cancer have a small but significantly increased risk of subsequently developing a primary lung tumour, and now research has shown that this risk increases...

----------------------------------------------
** CANCER / ONCOLOGY News **

Hope for children with previously incurable brain cancer
http://mnt.to/l/4mDB
Imagine the anguish of a parent whose child is diagnosed with an incurable form of childhood brain cancer.

New leads to improved outcomes for children with high-grade glioma brain tumors; particularly youngest patients
http://mnt.to/l/4mD8
New mutations in pediatric brain tumors, known as high-grade gliomas (HGGs), which most often occur in the youngest patients, identified by the St.

Immune response to cancer cuts both ways
http://mnt.to/l/4mD5
The difference between an immune response that kills cancer cells and one that conversely stimulates tumor growth can be as narrow as a "double-edged sword," report researchers at the University...

New mechanism discovered for unleashing immune system against cancer
http://mnt.to/l/4mCZ
A major discovery that brings a new drug target to the increasingly exciting landscape of cancer immunotherapy was published by researchers from La Jolla Institute for Allergy and Immunology...

Growth and metastases of epithelial ovarian cancer promoted by scaffolding protein
http://mnt.to/l/4mCr
NEDD9
, a scaffolding protein responsible for regulating signaling pathways in the cell, promotes the growth and spread of epithelial ovarian cancer according to researchers from Fox Chase Cancer...

Potential drug targets identified for pediatric high-grade astrocytomas
http://mnt.to/l/4mCj
Researchers studying a rare, always fatal brain tumor in children have found several molecular alterations that drive the cancer, according to a new study from scientists at Dana-Farber/Boston...

----------------------------------------------
** CARDIOVASCULAR / CARDIOLOGY News **

Painkillers linked to heightened irregular heartbeat risk in older adults
http://mnt.to/l/4mDF
Current and recent use of painkillers/anti-inflammatories may be linked to a heightened risk of an irregular heartbeat (atrial fibrillation) among older adults, finds a large population study...

Solving platelet 'puzzle' uncovers blood disorder link
http://mnt.to/l/4mDb
The puzzle as to how an essential blood-making hormone stimulates production of the blood clotting cells known as platelets has been solved by Melbourne researchers.

----------------------------------------------
** CERVICAL CANCER / HPV VACCINE News **

Gardasil® approved in the European Union for a 2-dose schedule in children aged from 9 to 13 years
http://mnt.to/l/4mDD
Sanofi Pasteur MSD has announced that the European Commission has granted marketing authorization for its quadrivalent Human Papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine, Gardasil®, for a 2-dose schedule...

----------------------------------------------
** CLINICAL TRIALS / DRUG TRIALS News **

Arno Therapeutics enrolls first patient in a Phase I/II trial evaluating onapristone in men with advanced castration-resistant prostate cancer
http://mnt.to/l/4mDQ
Arno Therapeutics, Inc., a clinical stage biopharmaceutical company focused on the development of oncology therapeutics, has announced that it has enrolled the first patient in a Phase I/II...

Induction of systemic immunity following treatment of tumors with PV-10 reported by Moffitt Cancer Center Researchers
http://mnt.to/l/4mDJ
Provectus Biopharmaceuticals, Inc., a development-stage oncology and dermatology biopharmaceutical company, has announced that a poster presentation detailing significant decrease in melanoma...

----------------------------------------------
** COLORECTAL CANCER News **

Gut bacteria may encourage colon cancer by suppressing DNA repair
http://mnt.to/l/4mFw
Research suggests gut bacteria may promote cancer by changing the environment of tumors in ways that help them grow and spread, such as by making proteins that prevent DNA repair.

Patients over 65 have more complications after colorectal cancer surgery
http://mnt.to/l/4mF3
Most colorectal cancer surgeries are performed on patients older than 65 years, and older patients have worse outcomes than younger patients, although the total number of colon cancer...

----------------------------------------------
** CROHN'S / IBD News **

A natural protein, Elafin against gluten intolerance?
http://mnt.to/l/4mF5
Scientists from INRA and INSERM (France) in collaboration with scientists from McMaster University (Canada) and the Ecole polytechnique fédérale of Zurich (Switzerland) have shown that...

----------------------------------------------
** DEPRESSION News **

Part of the brain linked to gambling addiction identified
http://mnt.to/l/4mDs
New research reveals that brain damage affecting the insula - an area with a key role in emotions - disrupts errors of thinking linked to gambling addiction.

----------------------------------------------
** DIABETES News **

New functional details of common anti-diabetic drugs revealed
http://mnt.to/l/4mDv
Scientists thought they basically knew how the most common drugs used to treat type 2 diabetes worked, but a new study from the Florida campus of The Scripps Research Institute (TSRI) reveals...

New ammunition in the fight against Type 2 diabetes
http://mnt.to/l/4mDh
Gastric banding can play a vital role in the treatment of type 2 diabetes in people who are overweight but not obese, according to new research.

Gene therapy for Friedreich's ataxia in animal model
http://mnt.to/l/4mCm
A full and very rapid cure for the heart disease was made possible by the transfer, via a viral vector, of a normal copy of the gene deficient in Friedreich's ataxia patients, in a mouse model.

----------------------------------------------
** EATING DISORDERS News **

Belief that eating disorders 'only affect women' hinders treatment for men
http://mnt.to/l/4mDC
Many individuals believe that eating disorders are female-specific. New research suggests this assumption is stopping men with such disorders from getting the treatment they need.

----------------------------------------------
** ENDOCRINOLOGY News **

Radiotherapy plus six months of hormone therapy improves prostate cancer survival
http://mnt.to/l/4mCp
The findings, which were presented at the 33rd conference of the European Society for Radiotherapy and Oncology (ESTRO33) in Vienna, are expected to change clinical practice.

----------------------------------------------
** GASTROINTESTINAL / GASTROENTEROLOGY News **

Gut bacteria may encourage colon cancer by suppressing DNA repair
http://mnt.to/l/4mFw
Research suggests gut bacteria may promote cancer by changing the environment of tumors in ways that help them grow and spread, such as by making proteins that prevent DNA repair.

A natural protein, Elafin against gluten intolerance?
http://mnt.to/l/4mF5
Scientists from INRA and INSERM (France) in collaboration with scientists from McMaster University (Canada) and the Ecole polytechnique fédérale of Zurich (Switzerland) have shown that...

----------------------------------------------
** GENETICS News **

Scientists find link between brain development and breast cancer gene
http://mnt.to/l/4mFV
Mutations in the BRCA1 gene are known to increase the risk of breast and ovarian cancer. Now, researchers have uncovered a link between this gene and brain development.

Method offers potential for understanding anti-bacterial resistance
http://mnt.to/l/4mFk
Biologists could gain a deeper understanding about how species have evolved - and even find ways to address antibiotic resistance - using tools that were developed recently at Stockholm's KTH...

Exploring the genetics of "I'll do it tomorrow"
http://mnt.to/l/4mDP
Procrastination and impulsivity are genetically linked, suggesting that the two traits stem from similar evolutionary origins, according to research published in Psychological Science, a journal...

For some children genes increase the stress of social disadvantage
http://mnt.to/l/4mDj
Genes amplify the stress of harsh environments for some children, and magnify the advantage of supportive environments for other children, according to a study that's one of the first to...

2 new studies find no evidence of Alzheimer's disease-associated changes in adolescents carrying genetic risk factors
http://mnt.to/l/4mDg
Two studies published in the Journal of Alzheimer's Disease indicate that some of the pathologic changes associated with Alzheimer's disease in older individuals are not apparent in young people...

Growth and metastases of epithelial ovarian cancer promoted by scaffolding protein
http://mnt.to/l/4mCr
NEDD9
, a scaffolding protein responsible for regulating signaling pathways in the cell, promotes the growth and spread of epithelial ovarian cancer according to researchers from Fox Chase Cancer...

The 3D structure for the malaria parasite genome could help identify new anti-malaria strategies
http://mnt.to/l/4mCb
A research team led by a cell biologist at the University of California, Riverside has generated a 3D model of the human malaria parasite genome at three different stages in the parasite's life...

----------------------------------------------
** HEART DISEASE News **

New functional details of common anti-diabetic drugs revealed
http://mnt.to/l/4mDv
Scientists thought they basically knew how the most common drugs used to treat type 2 diabetes worked, but a new study from the Florida campus of The Scripps Research Institute (TSRI) reveals...

Gene therapy for Friedreich's ataxia in animal model
http://mnt.to/l/4mCm
A full and very rapid cure for the heart disease was made possible by the transfer, via a viral vector, of a normal copy of the gene deficient in Friedreich's ataxia patients, in a mouse model.

----------------------------------------------
** HIV / AIDS News **

Added benefit not proven rilpivirine combination product in hiv-1 patients with previous antiretroviral treatment:
http://mnt.to/l/4mDN
Only study cited in the dossier was too short / appropriate comparator therapy not implementedThe German Institute for Quality and Efficiency in Health Care (IQWiG) reassessed the...

----------------------------------------------
** HYPERTENSION News **

Daily low-dose aspirin may protect against preeclampsia complications
http://mnt.to/l/4mD6
Daily low-dose aspirin beginning as early as the second trimester of pregnancy may prevent complications from preeclampsia, according to an article being published in Annals of Internal Medicine.

----------------------------------------------
** IMMUNE SYSTEM / VACCINES News **

Rewards improve vaccination rates in those at risk for hepatitis B
http://mnt.to/l/4mFh
People who inject drugs are at higher risk for hepatitis B, a liver disease that can cause serious problems. But vaccination rates for the condition improve with financial rewards.

Induction of systemic immunity following treatment of tumors with PV-10 reported by Moffitt Cancer Center Researchers
http://mnt.to/l/4mDJ
Provectus Biopharmaceuticals, Inc., a development-stage oncology and dermatology biopharmaceutical company, has announced that a poster presentation detailing significant decrease in melanoma...

An important role in regulating immune response played by disruption of VISTA
http://mnt.to/l/4mDx
Researchers at the Geisel School of Medicine at Dartmouth have found that the body's immune system response was enhanced when they disrupted VISTA, a protein that prevents the immune system from...

Shedding new light on key bacterial immune system
http://mnt.to/l/4mDk
Researchers from New Zealand's University of Otago and the Netherlands reveal new insights into a surprisingly flexible immune system present in bacteria for combating viruses and other foreign...

Immune response to cancer cuts both ways
http://mnt.to/l/4mD5
The difference between an immune response that kills cancer cells and one that conversely stimulates tumor growth can be as narrow as a "double-edged sword," report researchers at the University...

New mechanism discovered for unleashing immune system against cancer
http://mnt.to/l/4mCZ
A major discovery that brings a new drug target to the increasingly exciting landscape of cancer immunotherapy was published by researchers from La Jolla Institute for Allergy and Immunology...

----------------------------------------------
** INFECTIOUS DISEASES / BACTERIA / VIRUSES News **

Gut bacteria may encourage colon cancer by suppressing DNA repair
http://mnt.to/l/4mFw
Research suggests gut bacteria may promote cancer by changing the environment of tumors in ways that help them grow and spread, such as by making proteins that prevent DNA repair.

Method offers potential for understanding anti-bacterial resistance
http://mnt.to/l/4mFk
Biologists could gain a deeper understanding about how species have evolved - and even find ways to address antibiotic resistance - using tools that were developed recently at Stockholm's KTH...

Shedding new light on key bacterial immune system
http://mnt.to/l/4mDk
Researchers from New Zealand's University of Otago and the Netherlands reveal new insights into a surprisingly flexible immune system present in bacteria for combating viruses and other foreign...

----------------------------------------------
** LIVER DISEASE / HEPATITIS News **

Rewards improve vaccination rates in those at risk for hepatitis B
http://mnt.to/l/4mFh
People who inject drugs are at higher risk for hepatitis B, a liver disease that can cause serious problems. But vaccination rates for the condition improve with financial rewards.

----------------------------------------------
** LUNG CANCER News **

Comparison of treatments for advanced lung cancer shows chemotherapy may be best for certain patients
http://mnt.to/l/4mDc
Among patients with advanced non-small cell lung cancer without a mutation of a certain gene (EGFR), conventional chemotherapy, compared with treatment using epidermal growth factor receptor...

Radiotherapy for breast cancer may increase risk of developing lung cancer
http://mnt.to/l/4mCn
Women who have radiotherapy for breast cancer have a small but significantly increased risk of subsequently developing a primary lung tumour, and now research has shown that this risk increases...

----------------------------------------------
** MEDICAL DEVICES / DIAGNOSTICS News **

Tissue testing during breast cancer lumpectomies prevents need for reoperation 96 percent of time
http://mnt.to/l/4mDL
Unique laboratory testing during breast cancer lumpectomies to make sure surgeons remove all cancerous tissue spares patients the need for a repeat lumpectomy in roughly 96 percent of cases at...

Google Glass puts the focus on Parkinson's
http://mnt.to/l/4mDH
The next generation of wearable computing is being trialled for the first time to evaluate its potential to support people with Parkinson's.

Study examines criteria for "choosing wisely" lists of least beneficial medical services
http://mnt.to/l/4mDd
In the creation of lists by specialty societies of medical services deemed least beneficial (the "Choosing Wisely" initiative), inclusion was often justified by evidence suggesting no...

----------------------------------------------
** MEDICAL PRACTICE MANAGEMENT News **

Health outcomes for major medical conditions vary considerably across Europe
http://mnt.to/l/4mF9
Health outcomes for major medical conditions requiring hospital care vary considerably between and within European countries, according to a study evaluating the performance of seven European...

----------------------------------------------
** MELANOMA / SKIN CANCER News **

Induction of systemic immunity following treatment of tumors with PV-10 reported by Moffitt Cancer Center Researchers
http://mnt.to/l/4mDJ
Provectus Biopharmaceuticals, Inc., a development-stage oncology and dermatology biopharmaceutical company, has announced that a poster presentation detailing significant decrease in melanoma...

----------------------------------------------
** MEN'S HEALTH News **

Belief that eating disorders 'only affect women' hinders treatment for men
http://mnt.to/l/4mDC
Many individuals believe that eating disorders are female-specific. New research suggests this assumption is stopping men with such disorders from getting the treatment they need.

----------------------------------------------
** MRI / PET / ULTRASOUND News **

For active monitoring of prostate cancer, non-invasive imaging can be used instead of repeated biopsy
http://mnt.to/l/4mCg
Your body's cells have two major interconnected energy sources: the lipid metabolism and the glucose metabolism.

----------------------------------------------
** MRSA / DRUG RESISTANCE News **

Shedding new light on key bacterial immune system
http://mnt.to/l/4mDk
Researchers from New Zealand's University of Otago and the Netherlands reveal new insights into a surprisingly flexible immune system present in bacteria for combating viruses and other foreign...

----------------------------------------------
** NEUROLOGY / NEUROSCIENCE News **

Scientists find link between brain development and breast cancer gene
http://mnt.to/l/4mFV
Mutations in the BRCA1 gene are known to increase the risk of breast and ovarian cancer. Now, researchers have uncovered a link between this gene and brain development.

Emotion brain region linked to problem gambling
http://mnt.to/l/4mFx
New study suggests the distorted thinking that problem gamblers seem more susceptible to is not present in people who have suffered damage to the insula.

Neuroscientists make advances in improving error awareness in older people
http://mnt.to/l/4mFf
Neuroscientists at Trinity College Dublin have found that people in their 70s are on average less aware of mistakes they make than younger people.

Complex relationship between slow-wave sleep and odor memory revealed
http://mnt.to/l/4mDK
A failing sense of smell can predict neurodegenerative disorders. Now, researchers investigate how the accuracy of different odor memories can be amplified in slow-wave sleep.

Regular aerobic exercise boosts memory area of brain in older women
http://mnt.to/l/4mDG
Regular aerobic exercise seems to boost the size of the area of the brain (hippocampus) involved in verbal memory and learning among women whose intellectual capacity has been affected by age...

Hope for children with previously incurable brain cancer
http://mnt.to/l/4mDB
Imagine the anguish of a parent whose child is diagnosed with an incurable form of childhood brain cancer.

New leads to improved outcomes for children with high-grade glioma brain tumors; particularly youngest patients
http://mnt.to/l/4mD8
New mutations in pediatric brain tumors, known as high-grade gliomas (HGGs), which most often occur in the youngest patients, identified by the St.

Gene therapy for Friedreich's ataxia in animal model
http://mnt.to/l/4mCm
A full and very rapid cure for the heart disease was made possible by the transfer, via a viral vector, of a normal copy of the gene deficient in Friedreich's ataxia patients, in a mouse model.

Potential drug targets identified for pediatric high-grade astrocytomas
http://mnt.to/l/4mCj
Researchers studying a rare, always fatal brain tumor in children have found several molecular alterations that drive the cancer, according to a new study from scientists at Dana-Farber/Boston...

Research from Scripps has helped solve a long-standing mystery about the sense of touch
http://mnt.to/l/4mCh
A study led by scientists at The Scripps Research Institute (TSRI)The "gentle touch" sensations that convey the stroke of a finger, the fine texture of something grasped and the light...

----------------------------------------------
** NUTRITION / DIET News **

Treating mitochondrial disease with vitamin B3
http://mnt.to/l/4mD9
B vitamins have recently turned out to be potent modifiers of energy metabolism, especially the function of mitochondria.

----------------------------------------------
** OBESITY / WEIGHT LOSS / FITNESS News **

Obese people feel full sooner than people of normal weight
http://mnt.to/l/4mF8
Obese people take less time to feel full than those of normal weight. Despite this, they consume more calories.

New ammunition in the fight against Type 2 diabetes
http://mnt.to/l/4mDh
Gastric banding can play a vital role in the treatment of type 2 diabetes in people who are overweight but not obese, according to new research.

----------------------------------------------
** OVARIAN CANCER News **

Growth and metastases of epithelial ovarian cancer promoted by scaffolding protein
http://mnt.to/l/4mCr
NEDD9
, a scaffolding protein responsible for regulating signaling pathways in the cell, promotes the growth and spread of epithelial ovarian cancer according to researchers from Fox Chase Cancer...

----------------------------------------------
** PAIN / ANESTHETICS News **

Painkillers linked to heightened irregular heartbeat risk in older adults
http://mnt.to/l/4mDF
Current and recent use of painkillers/anti-inflammatories may be linked to a heightened risk of an irregular heartbeat (atrial fibrillation) among older adults, finds a large population study...

Treating mitochondrial disease with vitamin B3
http://mnt.to/l/4mD9
B vitamins have recently turned out to be potent modifiers of energy metabolism, especially the function of mitochondria.

Daily low-dose aspirin may protect against preeclampsia complications
http://mnt.to/l/4mD6
Daily low-dose aspirin beginning as early as the second trimester of pregnancy may prevent complications from preeclampsia, according to an article being published in Annals of Internal Medicine.

Research from Scripps has helped solve a long-standing mystery about the sense of touch
http://mnt.to/l/4mCh
A study led by scientists at The Scripps Research Institute (TSRI)The "gentle touch" sensations that convey the stroke of a finger, the fine texture of something grasped and the light...

----------------------------------------------
** PARKINSON'S DISEASE News **

Google Glass puts the focus on Parkinson's
http://mnt.to/l/4mDH
The next generation of wearable computing is being trialled for the first time to evaluate its potential to support people with Parkinson's.

----------------------------------------------
** PEDIATRICS / CHILDREN'S HEALTH News **

Teen pregnancy: despite progress, more prevention needed
http://mnt.to/l/4mG3
A report released by the CDC shows that the rate of births to teenage girls has declined, but there are still around 1,700 births each week to girls aged 15-17.

Why is underage drinking targeted when studies suggest it is in decline?
http://mnt.to/l/4mFQ
This year, Alcohol Awareness Month tackles the issue of underage drinking. We take a look at the associated statistics to see how much of a problem underage drinking is in 2014.

Antipsychotic drug use among ADHD-diagnosed foster care youth is increasing
http://mnt.to/l/4mDV
Antipsychotic medications are often used for unlabeled indications, such as treatment of children and adolescents with attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD).

Gardasil® approved in the European Union for a 2-dose schedule in children aged from 9 to 13 years
http://mnt.to/l/4mDD
Sanofi Pasteur MSD has announced that the European Commission has granted marketing authorization for its quadrivalent Human Papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine, Gardasil®, for a 2-dose schedule...

Hope for children with previously incurable brain cancer
http://mnt.to/l/4mDB
Imagine the anguish of a parent whose child is diagnosed with an incurable form of childhood brain cancer.

Decline in pediatric emergency visits as a result of educational interventions at early head start
http://mnt.to/l/4mDp
Researchers at Columbia University Medical Center found that integrating an educational intervention regarding upper respiratory infections (URI) into Early Head Start programs led to a...

Young domestic violence witnesses suffer fear, anxiety while perpetrators rarely face jail time
http://mnt.to/l/4mDm
A nationwide study of children who have witnessed domestic violence found that parents or caregivers were physically injured in more than a third of the cases, yet only a small fraction of...

For some children genes increase the stress of social disadvantage
http://mnt.to/l/4mDj
Genes amplify the stress of harsh environments for some children, and magnify the advantage of supportive environments for other children, according to a study that's one of the first to...

2 new studies find no evidence of Alzheimer's disease-associated changes in adolescents carrying genetic risk factors
http://mnt.to/l/4mDg
Two studies published in the Journal of Alzheimer's Disease indicate that some of the pathologic changes associated with Alzheimer's disease in older individuals are not apparent in young people...

New leads to improved outcomes for children with high-grade glioma brain tumors; particularly youngest patients
http://mnt.to/l/4mD8
New mutations in pediatric brain tumors, known as high-grade gliomas (HGGs), which most often occur in the youngest patients, identified by the St.

Most schools meet new USDA drinking water mandate; more steps needed to encourage consumption
http://mnt.to/l/4mCL
A new USDA mandate calling for access to free drinking water during lunchtime at schools participating in the National School Lunch Program went into effect at the start of the 2011-12 school...

Potential drug targets identified for pediatric high-grade astrocytomas
http://mnt.to/l/4mCj
Researchers studying a rare, always fatal brain tumor in children have found several molecular alterations that drive the cancer, according to a new study from scientists at Dana-Farber/Boston...

----------------------------------------------
** PREGNANCY / OBSTETRICS News **

Teen pregnancy: despite progress, more prevention needed
http://mnt.to/l/4mG3
A report released by the CDC shows that the rate of births to teenage girls has declined, but there are still around 1,700 births each week to girls aged 15-17.

Daily low-dose aspirin may protect against preeclampsia complications
http://mnt.to/l/4mD6
Daily low-dose aspirin beginning as early as the second trimester of pregnancy may prevent complications from preeclampsia, according to an article being published in Annals of Internal Medicine.

----------------------------------------------
** PRIMARY CARE / GENERAL PRACTICE News **

Teen pregnancy: despite progress, more prevention needed
http://mnt.to/l/4mG3
A report released by the CDC shows that the rate of births to teenage girls has declined, but there are still around 1,700 births each week to girls aged 15-17.

Belief that eating disorders 'only affect women' hinders treatment for men
http://mnt.to/l/4mDC
Many individuals believe that eating disorders are female-specific. New research suggests this assumption is stopping men with such disorders from getting the treatment they need.

----------------------------------------------
** PROSTATE / PROSTATE CANCER News **

Arno Therapeutics enrolls first patient in a Phase I/II trial evaluating onapristone in men with advanced castration-resistant prostate cancer
http://mnt.to/l/4mDQ
Arno Therapeutics, Inc., a clinical stage biopharmaceutical company focused on the development of oncology therapeutics, has announced that it has enrolled the first patient in a Phase I/II...

Research suggests prostate cancer may be prevented by circumcision
http://mnt.to/l/4mCq
Men circumcised after the age of 35 were 45% less at risk of later developing prostate cancer than uncircumcised men, as shown by researchers at the University of Montreal and the...

Radiotherapy plus six months of hormone therapy improves prostate cancer survival
http://mnt.to/l/4mCp
The findings, which were presented at the 33rd conference of the European Society for Radiotherapy and Oncology (ESTRO33) in Vienna, are expected to change clinical practice.

For active monitoring of prostate cancer, non-invasive imaging can be used instead of repeated biopsy
http://mnt.to/l/4mCg
Your body's cells have two major interconnected energy sources: the lipid metabolism and the glucose metabolism.

----------------------------------------------
** PSYCHOLOGY / PSYCHIATRY News **

Emotion brain region linked to problem gambling
http://mnt.to/l/4mFx
New study suggests the distorted thinking that problem gamblers seem more susceptible to is not present in people who have suffered damage to the insula.

Neuroscientists make advances in improving error awareness in older people
http://mnt.to/l/4mFf
Neuroscientists at Trinity College Dublin have found that people in their 70s are on average less aware of mistakes they make than younger people.

Antipsychotic drug use among ADHD-diagnosed foster care youth is increasing
http://mnt.to/l/4mDV
Antipsychotic medications are often used for unlabeled indications, such as treatment of children and adolescents with attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD).

Study finds Twitter use linked to infidelity and divorce
http://mnt.to/l/4mDS
Twitter and other social networking services have revolutionized the way people create and maintain relationships.

Exploring the genetics of "I'll do it tomorrow"
http://mnt.to/l/4mDP
Procrastination and impulsivity are genetically linked, suggesting that the two traits stem from similar evolutionary origins, according to research published in Psychological Science, a journal...

Identification of the social circuits that track how we like people and ideas
http://mnt.to/l/4mDM
Whether at the office, dorm, PTA meeting, or any other social setting, we all know intuitively who the popular people are - who is most liked - even if we can't always put our finger on why.

Part of the brain linked to gambling addiction identified
http://mnt.to/l/4mDs
New research reveals that brain damage affecting the insula - an area with a key role in emotions - disrupts errors of thinking linked to gambling addiction.

Young domestic violence witnesses suffer fear, anxiety while perpetrators rarely face jail time
http://mnt.to/l/4mDm
A nationwide study of children who have witnessed domestic violence found that parents or caregivers were physically injured in more than a third of the cases, yet only a small fraction of...

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** PUBLIC HEALTH News **

Why is underage drinking targeted when studies suggest it is in decline?
http://mnt.to/l/4mFQ
This year, Alcohol Awareness Month tackles the issue of underage drinking. We take a look at the associated statistics to see how much of a problem underage drinking is in 2014.

Rewards improve vaccination rates in those at risk for hepatitis B
http://mnt.to/l/4mFh
People who inject drugs are at higher risk for hepatitis B, a liver disease that can cause serious problems. But vaccination rates for the condition improve with financial rewards.

Health outcomes for major medical conditions vary considerably across Europe
http://mnt.to/l/4mF9
Health outcomes for major medical conditions requiring hospital care vary considerably between and within European countries, according to a study evaluating the performance of seven European...

Huge disparities found between the decisions made by coroners
http://mnt.to/l/4mDy
Government plans to overhaul the centuries-old coroner system in England and Wales have been bolstered by the findings of a leading police officer who has become a PhD researcher at the...

Study examines criteria for "choosing wisely" lists of least beneficial medical services
http://mnt.to/l/4mDd
In the creation of lists by specialty societies of medical services deemed least beneficial (the "Choosing Wisely" initiative), inclusion was often justified by evidence suggesting no...

New study maps smoking visibility in city streets
http://mnt.to/l/4mCk
In new research from the University of Otago, Wellington, New Zealand, the visibility of smoking in city streets has for the first time anywhere been mapped.

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** RADIOLOGY / NUCLEAR MEDICINE News **

Could controversial Canadian mammography study spark new thinking in the U.S.?
http://mnt.to/l/4mD7
A recent report from the Canadian National Breast Screening Study (CNBSS) concluded that mammography screening does not reduce deaths from breast cancer.

Radiotherapy plus six months of hormone therapy improves prostate cancer survival
http://mnt.to/l/4mCp
The findings, which were presented at the 33rd conference of the European Society for Radiotherapy and Oncology (ESTRO33) in Vienna, are expected to change clinical practice.

Radiotherapy for breast cancer may increase risk of developing lung cancer
http://mnt.to/l/4mCn
Women who have radiotherapy for breast cancer have a small but significantly increased risk of subsequently developing a primary lung tumour, and now research has shown that this risk increases...

For active monitoring of prostate cancer, non-invasive imaging can be used instead of repeated biopsy
http://mnt.to/l/4mCg
Your body's cells have two major interconnected energy sources: the lipid metabolism and the glucose metabolism.

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** RESPIRATORY / ASTHMA News **

Insight into low oxygen tolerance offered by running geese
http://mnt.to/l/4mDq
A new study into how the world's highest flying bird, the bar-headed goose, is able to survive at extreme altitudes may have future implications for low oxygen medical conditions in humans.

Decline in pediatric emergency visits as a result of educational interventions at early head start
http://mnt.to/l/4mDp
Researchers at Columbia University Medical Center found that integrating an educational intervention regarding upper respiratory infections (URI) into Early Head Start programs led to a...

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** SCHIZOPHRENIA News **

Those with a genetic predisposition to liking amphetamine are at a reduced risk of schizophrenia and ADHD
http://mnt.to/l/4mD4
Genetic variants associated with enjoying the effects of d-amphetamine - the active ingredient in Adderall - are also associated with a reduced risk for developing schizophrenia and attention...

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** SENIORS / AGING News **

Neuroscientists make advances in improving error awareness in older people
http://mnt.to/l/4mFf
Neuroscientists at Trinity College Dublin have found that people in their 70s are on average less aware of mistakes they make than younger people.

Patients over 65 have more complications after colorectal cancer surgery
http://mnt.to/l/4mF3
Most colorectal cancer surgeries are performed on patients older than 65 years, and older patients have worse outcomes than younger patients, although the total number of colon cancer...

Regular aerobic exercise boosts memory area of brain in older women
http://mnt.to/l/4mDG
Regular aerobic exercise seems to boost the size of the area of the brain (hippocampus) involved in verbal memory and learning among women whose intellectual capacity has been affected by age...

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** SEXUAL HEALTH / STDS News **

Research suggests prostate cancer may be prevented by circumcision
http://mnt.to/l/4mCq
Men circumcised after the age of 35 were 45% less at risk of later developing prostate cancer than uncircumcised men, as shown by researchers at the University of Montreal and the...

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** SLEEP / SLEEP DISORDERS / INSOMNIA News **

Complex relationship between slow-wave sleep and odor memory revealed
http://mnt.to/l/4mDK
A failing sense of smell can predict neurodegenerative disorders. Now, researchers investigate how the accuracy of different odor memories can be amplified in slow-wave sleep.

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** SMOKING / QUIT SMOKING News **

New study maps smoking visibility in city streets
http://mnt.to/l/4mCk
In new research from the University of Otago, Wellington, New Zealand, the visibility of smoking in city streets has for the first time anywhere been mapped.

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** SPORTS MEDICINE / FITNESS News **

Regular aerobic exercise boosts memory area of brain in older women
http://mnt.to/l/4mDG
Regular aerobic exercise seems to boost the size of the area of the brain (hippocampus) involved in verbal memory and learning among women whose intellectual capacity has been affected by age...

Insight into low oxygen tolerance offered by running geese
http://mnt.to/l/4mDq
A new study into how the world's highest flying bird, the bar-headed goose, is able to survive at extreme altitudes may have future implications for low oxygen medical conditions in humans.

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** STROKE News **

Painkillers linked to heightened irregular heartbeat risk in older adults
http://mnt.to/l/4mDF
Current and recent use of painkillers/anti-inflammatories may be linked to a heightened risk of an irregular heartbeat (atrial fibrillation) among older adults, finds a large population study...

Solving platelet 'puzzle' uncovers blood disorder link
http://mnt.to/l/4mDb
The puzzle as to how an essential blood-making hormone stimulates production of the blood clotting cells known as platelets has been solved by Melbourne researchers.

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** TRANSPLANTS / ORGAN DONATIONS News **

Innovative kidney transplant technique developed by Henry Ford Hospital
http://mnt.to/l/4mDw
An innovative kidney transplant technique developed by Henry Ford Hospital is credited as the first in the world to use a new set of patient safety standards coordinated by the University of...

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** TROPICAL DISEASES News **

The 3D structure for the malaria parasite genome could help identify new anti-malaria strategies
http://mnt.to/l/4mCb
A research team led by a cell biologist at the University of California, Riverside has generated a 3D model of the human malaria parasite genome at three different stages in the parasite's life...

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** UROLOGY / NEPHROLOGY News **

Innovative kidney transplant technique developed by Henry Ford Hospital
http://mnt.to/l/4mDw
An innovative kidney transplant technique developed by Henry Ford Hospital is credited as the first in the world to use a new set of patient safety standards coordinated by the University of...

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** WATER - AIR QUALITY / AGRICULTURE News **

Most schools meet new USDA drinking water mandate; more steps needed to encourage consumption
http://mnt.to/l/4mCL
A new USDA mandate calling for access to free drinking water during lunchtime at schools participating in the National School Lunch Program went into effect at the start of the 2011-12 school...

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** WOMEN'S HEALTH / GYNECOLOGY News **

Fewer bone fractures among non-white women in higher social classes
http://mnt.to/l/4mC9
If you are a middle-aged African-American or Asian woman, your social class may play a significant role in how likely you are to suffer bone fractures, a UCLA-led study suggests.

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