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New Study Helps Scientists Understand How E. Coli Clone Has Become Globally Distributed

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Scientists have come closer to the understanding of how a E. coli clone described as the most important of its kind to cause human infections, has spread across the world in a very short time. iE. coli/i clone ST131 is one of the leading causes of urinary tract and blood stream infections and has crossed the globe at a rapid rate. Worryingly, members of this clone are becoming more resistant to antibiotics. As an indication of scale, more than half of all ...

Device That Transforms Smartphone into Instant Thermometer Developed

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A new device developed by a team of scientists turns your smartphone into an instant thermometer. Robocat, the developers of Haze and other smartphone weather apps, created Thermodo, a small device that plugs into the headphone jack of your Android or iPhone. Thanks to a highly-sensitive sensor inside of its minuscule housing, Thermodo can tell you the exact air temperature wherever you are, whether that's at the top of a ski slope or sweating away ...

Cognitive Function Worsening in Middle Age Linked to Early Cardiac Risks

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Significantly worse cognitive function in middle age was found in people who had cardiac risk factors such as high blood pressure and elevated glucose levels at younger age, says a new study by dementia researchers at UC San Francisco. The findings bolster the view that diseases like Alzheimer's develop over an individual's lifespan and may be set in motion early in life. And they offer hope that young adults may be able to lower their risk of developing dementia ...

Healing Chronic Wounds With Vibration

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Low-intensity vibration can help wounds heal more quickly, report researchers at the University of Illinois at Chicago. The finding, in mice, may hold promise for the 18 million Americans who have type 2 diabetes, and especially the quarter of them who will eventually suffer from foot ulcers. Their wounds tend to heal slowly and can become chronic or worsen rapidly. Timothy Koh, UIC professor of kinesiology and nutrition in the UIC College of Applied ...

Dearth of Doctors to Treat Autism, Say Experts

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Health experts say India faces a dearth of doctors to treat autism which is slowly rising, with the illness being considered wrongly by many as mental retardation. Moreover, awareness about the neuro-biological disorder is still very low despite the fact that there are more than four million people with autism in the country. Though, there is no official figure, experts said, the figure is growing. And with just a few to treat this ailment, diagnosis ...

Young Adults Avoid HIV Intervention Counseling Due to Psychological Factors

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Multi-session interventions are more effective than single-session programs in HIV prevention programs and keeping young people involved continuously is a major goal in reducing the incidence of HIV. But a new study from the Annenberg School for Communication found that the way these programs are designed and implemented may turn off the very people they are trying to help. The study, "Motivational barriers to retention of at-risk young adults in HIV-prevention ...

Parental Monitoring of Kids Media Use Is Beneficial: Study

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Bottom Line: Improved school performance, better sleep and behaviour in children has been associated with parental monitoring of the time children spend watching television, playing video games and being online. Author: Douglas A. Gentile, Ph.D., of Iowa State University, Ames, and colleagues. Background: Previous research suggests high levels of screen time are associated with less sleep, attention problems and lower academic progress. How ...

Primary Androgen-Deprivation Therapy Has No Survival Benefit in Cancers Confined to Prostate

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Primary androgen-deprivation therapy (PADT) for men with clinically localized prostate cancer has been to found to be of no effect while it may be of small clinical benefit to men with higher-risk disease. The risks of using PADT outweighs benefits, the researchers observed. a href="http:www.medindia.net/news/androgen-deprivation-therapy-ineffective-for-prostate-cancer-sufferers-133370-1.htm" target="_blank" class="vcontentshlink"Primary ADT/a is the ...

Computer Tags Emotions, Whether Happily Surprised or Sadly Angry

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A new app designed by the US researchers to recognize 21 distinct and often complex facial expressions, like happily disgusted or sadly angry, claiming it to be a breakthrough in the field of cognitive analysis. A team from Ohio State University devised a way for computers to pinpoint more than triple the number of documented facial expressions than currently can be detected. "We've gone beyond facial expressions for simple emotions like 'happy' or 'sad.' ...

Vatican Uses Social Media for Double Pope Sainthood Ceremony

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The Vatican is reaching out to the millions of pilgrims expected to attend the first double canonization in the history of the Catholic Church, using the social media. Rome city officials expect up to five million people to attend the ceremony officially making John Paul II, who led the Catholic Church from 1978-2005, and John XXIII, who was pope from 1958-1963, into saints. Besides the www.2papisanti.org official website, the Vatican has set up several ...

Pubs in British to Stay Open Late for World Cup

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Thirsty fans of the World Cup viewers need to celebrate or drown their sorrows, for which the pubs will be open for them during the World Cup finals in Brazil. The British government made a u-turn on Monday and announced that it would extend famously strict last orders so that bars and pubs can screen England's matches. Under laws usually reserved for royal occasions, pubs will stay open past the usual closing time of 11:00 pm until 1:00 am, to take ...

Link Between HIV Infection and Coronary Artery Disease Discovered

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A new study published in iAnnals of Internal Medicine/i finds men with long-term HIV infections are at increased risk than uninfected men of developing plaque in their coronary arteries. The finding is important, investigators say, because advances in treatment have led to long-term survival of people living with HIV/AIDS and the emergence of chronic, age-related heart and other diseases among this population. Coronary artery disease may lead to heart ...

Diabetes Managed Best With Surgery in Overweight: Study

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Researchers said Monday that managing type 2 diabetes in overweight people is most effective with stomach-shrinking surgeries than trying to shed weight with pills and lifestyle changes. Three years into a study that compares the various approaches -- medical therapy, gastric bypass and sleeve gastrectomy -- the findings show that the two procedures are still superior at reducing glycemic levels and weight. The latest results from the largest randomized ...

Ebola Epidemic in Guinea An 'Unprecedented Epidemic': MSF

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An Ebola outbreak suspected of killing at least 78 people in Guinea has been called an "unprecedented epidemic" spreading across the west African nation, by the Aid organisation Doctors Without Borders on Monday. "We are facing an epidemic of a magnitude never before seen in terms of the distribution of cases in the country: Gueckedou, Macenta, Kissidougou, Nzerekore, and now Conakry," Mariano Lugli, the organisation's coordinator in the Guinean capital, said in ...

Viruses Removed by Nano-Paper Filter

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Uppsala University, Nanotechnology and Functional Materials, have come up with a paper filter that can remove virus particles as effectively as the best industrial virus filters. The paper filter consists of 100 percent high purity cellulose nanofibers, directly derived from nature. The research was carried out in collaboration with virologists from the Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences/Swedish National Veterinary Institute and is published in the iAdvanced ...

Role of NTS in Protection of Pre-Moxibustion on Gastric Mucosal Lesions

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Protective effects on the stomach mucous membrane by Moxibustion against stress gastric ulcer is known. The potential mechanism of moxibustion may be mediated by transforming growth factor- (and) #945;, gastric mucosa cell proliferation, inhibition of apoptosis, and the expression of heat shock protein-70. Previous studies have shown that somatic sensation by acupuncture and visceral nociceptive stimulation can converge in the nucleus tractus solitarii (NTS) where neurons ...

First Ebola Cases Confirmed in Liberia

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Two cases of deadly Ebola virus has been confirmed in Liberia, a disease suspected to have killed 78 people in neighbouring Guinea, reveals the World Health Organization. The WHO said in a statement released on Sunday the cases were among seven samples tested from the northern Foya district, which shares a border with southern Guinea. "Two of those samples have tested positive for the Ebola virus. There have been two deaths among the suspected cases, ...

Baker's Yeast Helps Fight Brain Disease

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Baker's yeast provides new insights into the understanding of the basic processes involved in Parkinson's disease and cancer. Scientists have found a key feature in cellular development linked to the onset of these devastating diseases. The findings of the study are published in I PNAS /I. The research team is from the University Medical Center Goettingen, University of Leicester, and Instituto de Medicina Molecular, Lisbon, directed by long-time collaborators ...

Excessive Hospital Occupancy Level Increases the Risk of Avoidable Mortality

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Once a hospital reaches a certain occupancy level, the quality of care it provides deteriorates, which increases the risk of mortality of critically ill patients. What is worrying is that this safety 'tipping point' is reached at occupancy levels that are below 100%. The findings are reported by a team of researchers led by Ludwig Kuntz, Professor of Health Management at the University of Cologne. Their paper (Stress on the Ward: Evidence of Safety Tipping Points ...

UK Drug Firm GlaxoSmithKline Announces Africa Investment

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GlaxoSmithKline, British pharmaceutical giant, announced a five-year investment programme for sub-Saharan Africa to fuel the company's growth and to serve an area with "pressing health needs". GSK will invest up to 130 million ( (Dollar) 216 million, 157 million euros), including 100 million to expand existing manufacturing operations in Nigeria and Kenya and build up to five new factories in Africa, it said in a statement. "The company is currently reviewing ...

Clonidine Doesn't Reduce Heart Attack After Non-Cardiac Surgery

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Clonidine - a drug that reduces blood pressure and heart rate - increased rates of clinically concerning hypotension and non-fatal cardiac arrest after noncardiac surgery. This is according to the POISE-2 trial presented at the American College of Cardiology's 63rd Annual Scientific Session. With more than 10,000 patients in 23 countries, this randomized clinical trial is the largest study of clonidine in surgical patients. The study's findings caught ...

High Risk of Serious Bleeding With Perioperative Aspirin for Non-Cardiac Surgery

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After non-heart-related surgery, patients given aspirin to prevent heart problems had a higher risk of serious bleeding than the patients who did not receive aspirin. At the same time, aspirin did not reduce incidence of post-operative heart attacks and death, according to data from POISE-2 presented at the American College of Cardiology's 63rd Annual Scientific Session. POISE-2 is the largest clinical trial focused on major cardiovascular complications in non-cardiac ...