Medical News Today daily newsletter - 27 June 2014

Dear kostik,

Welcome to today's Medical News Today newsletter, containing the most recent headlines from your chosen news categories.

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** ALCOHOL / ADDICTION / ILLEGAL DRUGS News **

CDC: 1 in 10 deaths among working-age adults due to excessive drinking
http://mnt.to/l/4p8Y
A new study from the CDC reveals that between 2006 and 2010, excessive alcohol use accounted for 9.8% of total deaths among American adults ages 20-64.

Portable cocaine testing device is fast and accurate
http://mnt.to/l/4p82
Testing for cocaine and other drugs usually involves two steps: a quick on-site prescreen, and then a more accurate confirmatory test at a distant laboratory.

----------------------------------------------
** BONES / ORTHOPEDICS News **

Fitness and health of socially deprived men boosted by street football
http://mnt.to/l/4p8c
Research carried out by the Copenhagen Centre for Team Sport and Health in Denmark shows that street football (soccer) improves fitness and multiple health markers in homeless men.

Muscle pacing method saw rats gain 30 percent of bone within targeted areas
http://mnt.to/l/4p8b
In an important development for the health of elderly people, University of Liverpool researchers have developed a new method to target bone growth.

----------------------------------------------
** BREAST CANCER News **

Blood test to indicate breast cancer risk 'in development'
http://mnt.to/l/4p7n
Researchers have discovered that women both with and without the BRCA1 mutation who go on to develop breast cancer share a common epigenetic signature.

----------------------------------------------
** CANCER / ONCOLOGY News **

How herpes and other dormant viruses 'reactivate' explained in new study
http://mnt.to/l/4p9F
Scientists are mystified by the mechanism that 'reactivates' dormant viruses such as herpes. Now, a new study suggests interactions with other infections may be responsible.

Blood test to indicate breast cancer risk 'in development'
http://mnt.to/l/4p7n
Researchers have discovered that women both with and without the BRCA1 mutation who go on to develop breast cancer share a common epigenetic signature.

----------------------------------------------
** CARDIOVASCULAR / CARDIOLOGY News **

Lab-grown mini beating human hearts 'may lead to a cure for heart disease'
http://mnt.to/l/4p9Y
Researchers from Abertay University in the UK have grown mini beating human hearts in which they can induce heart disease, allowing them to test newly created drugs.

No link discovered between insomnia symptoms and high blood pressure
http://mnt.to/l/4p7X
There's good news for the 30 per cent or more of adults who suffer from insomnia - difficulty falling asleep, waking up for prolonged periods during the night or unwanted early morning...

----------------------------------------------
** CLINICAL TRIALS / DRUG TRIALS News **

New approach to clinical trials could boost participation
http://mnt.to/l/4p89
It's a classic Catch-22: medical researchers need to figure out if a promising new treatment is truly better than a current one, by randomly assigning half of a group of patients to get each...

----------------------------------------------
** CONFERENCES News **

The 2nd Africa Healthcare Summit 2015, February 26th & 27th, London
http://mnt.to/l/4p9D
The leading event in Europe to bring together Ministries of Health, International Investors, Hospital CEOs, Directors and many more to discuss the developments and achievements in recent...

----------------------------------------------
** DERMATOLOGY News **

Some acne products can cause serious allergic reactions, FDA warns
http://mnt.to/l/4p94
Over the counter skin products for acne that contain benzoyl peroxide or salicylic acid can cause rare but serious and potentially life-threatening reactions, say FDA.

----------------------------------------------
** ENDOCRINOLOGY News **

For hazard assessment, animal testing methods for endocrine disruptors should change
http://mnt.to/l/4p7J
Challenging risk assessment methods used for decades by toxicologists, a new review of the literature led by environmental health scientist Laura Vandenberg at the University of Massachusetts...

----------------------------------------------
** EYE HEALTH / BLINDNESS News **

Higher education levels linked to increased nearsightedness
http://mnt.to/l/4p9R
Those of us on our computers may want to take a break and head outside; new research suggests the more time spent studying and the less time outside, the higher the risk of myopia.

Progress made in understanding how the brain processes visual information
http://mnt.to/l/4p7w
A Montana State University assistant professor in neuroscience is part of a team that has made progress understanding how the brain processes visual information.

----------------------------------------------
** FERTILITY News **

Longevity in women likely indicated by reproduction later in life
http://mnt.to/l/4p7Q
Women who are able to naturally have children later in life tend to live longer and the genetic variants that allow them to do so might also facilitate exceptionally long life spans.

----------------------------------------------
** GASTROINTESTINAL / GASTROENTEROLOGY News **

Vaccine needed: noroviruses cause 18% of acute gastroenteritis cases worldwide
http://mnt.to/l/4p8t
In the largest review to date, researchers from the CDC found that worldwide estimates of gastroenteritis caused by norovirus are higher than previously estimated.

----------------------------------------------
** GENETICS News **

Clinician's 'primer' to genome and exome sequencing published
http://mnt.to/l/4p93
To help clinicians make best use of genome and exome sequencing, a new report offers a primer that distils the technology of the Human Genome Project down to practical tools.

Genetic study suggests causal link between vitamin D deficiency and hypertension
http://mnt.to/l/4p8k
New genetic research provides compelling evidence that low levels of vitamin D have a causal role in the development of high blood pressure (hypertension).

Aging contributes to rapid rates of genomic change, signaling challenges for personalized medicine
http://mnt.to/l/4p7x
Exploiting individual genomes for personalized medicine may be more complicated than medical scientists have suspected, researchers at Virginia Bioinformatics Institute have discovered.

----------------------------------------------
** HEART DISEASE News **

Lab-grown mini beating human hearts 'may lead to a cure for heart disease'
http://mnt.to/l/4p9Y
Researchers from Abertay University in the UK have grown mini beating human hearts in which they can induce heart disease, allowing them to test newly created drugs.

----------------------------------------------
** HIV / AIDS News **

Lowering toxicity of new HIV drugs predicted to improve life expectancy
http://mnt.to/l/4p8p
While bringing new drugs to market is important for increasing life expectancy in younger people with HIV, lowering the toxicity of those drugs may have an even greater health impact on all...

Preparing to meet the complex medical and social needs of aging HIV and AIDS patients
http://mnt.to/l/4p87
As the first people with HIV grow old, a new study from St. Michael's Hospital questions whether the health care system and other government policies are prepared to meet their complex medical...

----------------------------------------------
** HYPERTENSION News **

Genetic study suggests causal link between vitamin D deficiency and hypertension
http://mnt.to/l/4p8k
New genetic research provides compelling evidence that low levels of vitamin D have a causal role in the development of high blood pressure (hypertension).

No link discovered between insomnia symptoms and high blood pressure
http://mnt.to/l/4p7X
There's good news for the 30 per cent or more of adults who suffer from insomnia - difficulty falling asleep, waking up for prolonged periods during the night or unwanted early morning...

----------------------------------------------
** IMMUNE SYSTEM / VACCINES News **

How herpes and other dormant viruses 'reactivate' explained in new study
http://mnt.to/l/4p9F
Scientists are mystified by the mechanism that 'reactivates' dormant viruses such as herpes. Now, a new study suggests interactions with other infections may be responsible.

Vaccine needed: noroviruses cause 18% of acute gastroenteritis cases worldwide
http://mnt.to/l/4p8t
In the largest review to date, researchers from the CDC found that worldwide estimates of gastroenteritis caused by norovirus are higher than previously estimated.

----------------------------------------------
** INFECTIOUS DISEASES / BACTERIA / VIRUSES News **

How herpes and other dormant viruses 'reactivate' explained in new study
http://mnt.to/l/4p9F
Scientists are mystified by the mechanism that 'reactivates' dormant viruses such as herpes. Now, a new study suggests interactions with other infections may be responsible.

Vaccine needed: noroviruses cause 18% of acute gastroenteritis cases worldwide
http://mnt.to/l/4p8t
In the largest review to date, researchers from the CDC found that worldwide estimates of gastroenteritis caused by norovirus are higher than previously estimated.

Human antibody therapy successfully combats Nipah virus 5 days after infection
http://mnt.to/l/4p7T
An interdisciplinary research team from the University of Texas Medical Branch at Galveston, the Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences and three groups within the National...

----------------------------------------------
** LIVER DISEASE / HEPATITIS News **

New report calls on governments to play their part and improve surveillance, screening and diagnosis of hepatitis C worldwide
http://mnt.to/l/4p8d
Even though incremental progress has been made the report states that, 'concrete initiatives remain thin on the ground' because of limited resources, data and information about the impact of...

----------------------------------------------
** MEDICAL DEVICES / DIAGNOSTICS News **

Clinician's 'primer' to genome and exome sequencing published
http://mnt.to/l/4p93
To help clinicians make best use of genome and exome sequencing, a new report offers a primer that distils the technology of the Human Genome Project down to practical tools.

New report calls on governments to play their part and improve surveillance, screening and diagnosis of hepatitis C worldwide
http://mnt.to/l/4p8d
Even though incremental progress has been made the report states that, 'concrete initiatives remain thin on the ground' because of limited resources, data and information about the impact of...

Portable cocaine testing device is fast and accurate
http://mnt.to/l/4p82
Testing for cocaine and other drugs usually involves two steps: a quick on-site prescreen, and then a more accurate confirmatory test at a distant laboratory.

Blood test to indicate breast cancer risk 'in development'
http://mnt.to/l/4p7n
Researchers have discovered that women both with and without the BRCA1 mutation who go on to develop breast cancer share a common epigenetic signature.

----------------------------------------------
** MEN'S HEALTH News **

Fitness and health of socially deprived men boosted by street football
http://mnt.to/l/4p8c
Research carried out by the Copenhagen Centre for Team Sport and Health in Denmark shows that street football (soccer) improves fitness and multiple health markers in homeless men.

----------------------------------------------
** MRSA / DRUG RESISTANCE News **

High doses of antibiotics may have the potential to promote increased cross-resistance
http://mnt.to/l/4p7s
Antibiotic resistance has become an increasing public health concern, with MRSA infections and last lines of antibiotic drug treatments having to be increasingly deployed in hospitals and...

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** NEUROLOGY / NEUROSCIENCE News **

New insights for coping with personality changes in acquired brain injury
http://mnt.to/l/4p8n
Individuals with brain injury and their families often struggle to accept the associated personality changes.

Neurotoxin tetrodotoxin found in terrestrial environment for first time
http://mnt.to/l/4p84
The neurotoxin tetrodotoxin (TTX) has been found for the first time in two species living out of water, according to a study published in the open access journal PLOS ONE by Amber Stokes from...

New pediatric concussion guidelines
http://mnt.to/l/4p7K
Pediatric emergency medicine researchers at the Children's Hospital of Eastern Ontario (CHEO) together with the Ontario Neurotrauma Foundation (ONF) have launched the first comprehensive...

Those with episodic amnesia are not 'stuck in time,' says philosopher Carl Craver
http://mnt.to/l/4p7D
In 1981, a motorcycle accident left Toronto native Kent Cochrane with severe brain damage and dramatically impaired episodic memory.

Progress made in understanding how the brain processes visual information
http://mnt.to/l/4p7w
A Montana State University assistant professor in neuroscience is part of a team that has made progress understanding how the brain processes visual information.

----------------------------------------------
** NUTRITION / DIET News **

Genetic study suggests causal link between vitamin D deficiency and hypertension
http://mnt.to/l/4p8k
New genetic research provides compelling evidence that low levels of vitamin D have a causal role in the development of high blood pressure (hypertension).

Insights into the diet of Neanderthals provided by oldest human faecal matter
http://mnt.to/l/4p83
Neanderthals from Spain may have consumed more vegetables than previously thought, according to research published in the open access journal PLOS ONE by Ainara Sistiaga from Massachusetts...

The best way to avoid ingredient-based food fear
http://mnt.to/l/4p7P
Daily headlines on internet pages and blogs claim: "New ingredient X is harmful to your health.

Research explains action of drug that may slow aging, related disease
http://mnt.to/l/4p7C
Dietary restriction is one of the most-researched methods for slowing the aging process.

----------------------------------------------
** PANCREATIC CANCER News **

Survival benefit in metastatic pancreatic cancer shown when MM-398 added to standard treatment
http://mnt.to/l/4p7R
Adding the novel MM-398 to standard treatment for metastatic pancreatic cancer patients who have already received gemcitabine improves survival, researchers said at the ESMO 16th World Congress...

----------------------------------------------
** PEDIATRICS / CHILDREN'S HEALTH News **

Higher education levels linked to increased nearsightedness
http://mnt.to/l/4p9R
Those of us on our computers may want to take a break and head outside; new research suggests the more time spent studying and the less time outside, the higher the risk of myopia.

New pediatric concussion guidelines
http://mnt.to/l/4p7K
Pediatric emergency medicine researchers at the Children's Hospital of Eastern Ontario (CHEO) together with the Ontario Neurotrauma Foundation (ONF) have launched the first comprehensive...

----------------------------------------------
** PHARMA INDUSTRY / BIOTECH INDUSTRY News **

For hazard assessment, animal testing methods for endocrine disruptors should change
http://mnt.to/l/4p7J
Challenging risk assessment methods used for decades by toxicologists, a new review of the literature led by environmental health scientist Laura Vandenberg at the University of Massachusetts...

----------------------------------------------
** PHARMACY / PHARMACIST News **

Some acne products can cause serious allergic reactions, FDA warns
http://mnt.to/l/4p94
Over the counter skin products for acne that contain benzoyl peroxide or salicylic acid can cause rare but serious and potentially life-threatening reactions, say FDA.

----------------------------------------------
** PREGNANCY / OBSTETRICS News **

Most obstetricians agree exposures can be reduced, but only half take patients' histories
http://mnt.to/l/4p7L
In the first national survey of U.S. obstetricians' attitudes towards counseling pregnant patients about environmental health hazards, nearly 80 percent agreed that physicians have a role to...

----------------------------------------------
** PRIMARY CARE / GENERAL PRACTICE News **

Half of quality improvement studies fail to change medical practices
http://mnt.to/l/4p86
Over the last two decades, nearly half of all initiatives that review and provide feedback to clinicians on healthcare practices show little to no impact on quality of care, according to a new...

Most obstetricians agree exposures can be reduced, but only half take patients' histories
http://mnt.to/l/4p7L
In the first national survey of U.S. obstetricians' attitudes towards counseling pregnant patients about environmental health hazards, nearly 80 percent agreed that physicians have a role to...

----------------------------------------------
** PSYCHOLOGY / PSYCHIATRY News **

Downside to disaster relief: Why do photos of attractive children backfire?
http://mnt.to/l/4p8D
When it comes to asking a stranger for help, being young, pretty, and the opposite sex greatly improve your odds.

Double standard? The use of performance-enhancing products
http://mnt.to/l/4p8z
When professional athletes are found to be using performance-enhancing drugs, many people consider this an unfair advantage and say they are cheating.

Preparing to meet the complex medical and social needs of aging HIV and AIDS patients
http://mnt.to/l/4p87
As the first people with HIV grow old, a new study from St. Michael's Hospital questions whether the health care system and other government policies are prepared to meet their complex medical...

The best way to avoid ingredient-based food fear
http://mnt.to/l/4p7P
Daily headlines on internet pages and blogs claim: "New ingredient X is harmful to your health.

Researchers apply infection-modeling to incarceration
http://mnt.to/l/4p7N
The incarceration rate has nearly quadrupled since the U.S. declared a war on drugs, researchers say. Along with that, racial disparities abound.

Democracy and sustainability: looking after the interests of future generations
http://mnt.to/l/4p7M
Given the chance to vote, people will leave behind a legacy of resources that ensures the survival of the next generation, a series of experiments by Yale and Harvard psychologists show.

Not everyone wants cheering up, new study suggests
http://mnt.to/l/4p7F
You may want to rethink cheering up your friends who have low self-esteem because chances are they don't want to hear it.

Those with episodic amnesia are not 'stuck in time,' says philosopher Carl Craver
http://mnt.to/l/4p7D
In 1981, a motorcycle accident left Toronto native Kent Cochrane with severe brain damage and dramatically impaired episodic memory.

'Full siblings more violent to each other than half-siblings or stepsiblings'
http://mnt.to/l/4p6f
Full siblings are more likely to physically assault and use weapons against one another than half or stepsiblings.

----------------------------------------------
** PUBLIC HEALTH News **

CDC: 1 in 10 deaths among working-age adults due to excessive drinking
http://mnt.to/l/4p8Y
A new study from the CDC reveals that between 2006 and 2010, excessive alcohol use accounted for 9.8% of total deaths among American adults ages 20-64.

Half of quality improvement studies fail to change medical practices
http://mnt.to/l/4p86
Over the last two decades, nearly half of all initiatives that review and provide feedback to clinicians on healthcare practices show little to no impact on quality of care, according to a new...

Neurotoxin tetrodotoxin found in terrestrial environment for first time
http://mnt.to/l/4p84
The neurotoxin tetrodotoxin (TTX) has been found for the first time in two species living out of water, according to a study published in the open access journal PLOS ONE by Amber Stokes from...

Researchers apply infection-modeling to incarceration
http://mnt.to/l/4p7N
The incarceration rate has nearly quadrupled since the U.S. declared a war on drugs, researchers say. Along with that, racial disparities abound.

Democracy and sustainability: looking after the interests of future generations
http://mnt.to/l/4p7M
Given the chance to vote, people will leave behind a legacy of resources that ensures the survival of the next generation, a series of experiments by Yale and Harvard psychologists show.

Most obstetricians agree exposures can be reduced, but only half take patients' histories
http://mnt.to/l/4p7L
In the first national survey of U.S. obstetricians' attitudes towards counseling pregnant patients about environmental health hazards, nearly 80 percent agreed that physicians have a role to...

For hazard assessment, animal testing methods for endocrine disruptors should change
http://mnt.to/l/4p7J
Challenging risk assessment methods used for decades by toxicologists, a new review of the literature led by environmental health scientist Laura Vandenberg at the University of Massachusetts...

CU Denver study shows more bicyclists on road means fewer collisions
http://mnt.to/l/4p7t
A University of Colorado Denver study examining collisions between bicycles and motorists, shows bicyclist safety significantly increases when there are more bikes on the road, a finding that...

----------------------------------------------
** REGULATORY AFFAIRS / DRUG APPROVALS News **

Some acne products can cause serious allergic reactions, FDA warns
http://mnt.to/l/4p94
Over the counter skin products for acne that contain benzoyl peroxide or salicylic acid can cause rare but serious and potentially life-threatening reactions, say FDA.

----------------------------------------------
** SENIORS / AGING News **

Muscle pacing method saw rats gain 30 percent of bone within targeted areas
http://mnt.to/l/4p8b
In an important development for the health of elderly people, University of Liverpool researchers have developed a new method to target bone growth.

Preparing to meet the complex medical and social needs of aging HIV and AIDS patients
http://mnt.to/l/4p87
As the first people with HIV grow old, a new study from St. Michael's Hospital questions whether the health care system and other government policies are prepared to meet their complex medical...

Longevity in women likely indicated by reproduction later in life
http://mnt.to/l/4p7Q
Women who are able to naturally have children later in life tend to live longer and the genetic variants that allow them to do so might also facilitate exceptionally long life spans.

Research explains action of drug that may slow aging, related disease
http://mnt.to/l/4p7C
Dietary restriction is one of the most-researched methods for slowing the aging process.

Aging contributes to rapid rates of genomic change, signaling challenges for personalized medicine
http://mnt.to/l/4p7x
Exploiting individual genomes for personalized medicine may be more complicated than medical scientists have suspected, researchers at Virginia Bioinformatics Institute have discovered.

----------------------------------------------
** SLEEP / SLEEP DISORDERS / INSOMNIA News **

No link discovered between insomnia symptoms and high blood pressure
http://mnt.to/l/4p7X
There's good news for the 30 per cent or more of adults who suffer from insomnia - difficulty falling asleep, waking up for prolonged periods during the night or unwanted early morning...

----------------------------------------------
** SPORTS MEDICINE / FITNESS News **

Fitness and health of socially deprived men boosted by street football
http://mnt.to/l/4p8c
Research carried out by the Copenhagen Centre for Team Sport and Health in Denmark shows that street football (soccer) improves fitness and multiple health markers in homeless men.

CU Denver study shows more bicyclists on road means fewer collisions
http://mnt.to/l/4p7t
A University of Colorado Denver study examining collisions between bicycles and motorists, shows bicyclist safety significantly increases when there are more bikes on the road, a finding that...

----------------------------------------------
** STEM CELL RESEARCH News **

Pushing stem cells towards a higher pluripotency state
http://mnt.to/l/4p7r
Stem cells have the unique ability to become any type of cell in the body. Given this, the possibility that they can be cultured and engineered in the laboratory makes them an attractive...

----------------------------------------------
** STROKE News **

New approach to clinical trials could boost participation
http://mnt.to/l/4p89
It's a classic Catch-22: medical researchers need to figure out if a promising new treatment is truly better than a current one, by randomly assigning half of a group of patients to get each...

----------------------------------------------
** TROPICAL DISEASES News **

Study compares genome sequences of Anopheles gambiae sister species to investigate insecticide resistance
http://mnt.to/l/4p8f
Researchers from LSTM have exploited a natural experiment created by insecticidal pressure to determine how the most important malaria vectors - A. gambiae s.s. and A.

Human antibody therapy successfully combats Nipah virus 5 days after infection
http://mnt.to/l/4p7T
An interdisciplinary research team from the University of Texas Medical Branch at Galveston, the Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences and three groups within the National...

----------------------------------------------
** WOMEN'S HEALTH / GYNECOLOGY News **

Muscle pacing method saw rats gain 30 percent of bone within targeted areas
http://mnt.to/l/4p8b
In an important development for the health of elderly people, University of Liverpool researchers have developed a new method to target bone growth.

Longevity in women likely indicated by reproduction later in life
http://mnt.to/l/4p7Q
Women who are able to naturally have children later in life tend to live longer and the genetic variants that allow them to do so might also facilitate exceptionally long life spans.

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