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Shaken, Not Stirred - Mythical God's Capsules

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Janus capsules were understood only in theory till now, but a path-breaking research has enabled easy production of Janus capsules and at low cost too. Janus capsules appear as miniature, hollow structures, in different fragments composed of different micro- and nanoparticles. "Janus capsules are hollow structures with permeable shells and colloidal particles, and are different from Janus spheres. How to make such a 'two-faced bubble' using micro- and nanoparticles? ...

More Years Spent in School Linked to Increased Risk of Myopia

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Attaining higher levels of education and spending more years in school could increase the severity and prevalence of nearsightedness or myopia. Published online this month in iOphthalmology/i, the journal of the American Academy of Ophthalmology, the research is the first population-based study to demonstrate that environmental factors may outweigh genetics in the development of myopia. While common, nearsightedness has become even more prevalent around the ...

Fungus may Now Help Tackle Drug Resistant Germs

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A fungus from the soils of Nova Scotia could actually help scientists in the battle against drug resistant germs that kill thousands of people every year and are posing a global threat. A team of researchers led by McMaster University has discovered a fungus-derived molecule, known as AMA, which is able to disarm one of the most dangerous antibiotic-resistance genes: NDM-1 or New Delhi Metallo-beta-Lactamase-1, identified by the World Health Organization as a global ...

Fruits and Veggies may Not be a Good Weight Loss Tactic After All

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Consuming more fruits and vegetables to feel 'full' is a common weight loss tactic, but it may be another dead end, a new study suggests. The recommended daily serving amount for adults is 1.5-2 cups of fruit and 2-3 cups of vegetables, says the United States Department of Agriculture''s MyPlate initiative. Kathryn Kaiser, Ph.D., instructor in the UAB School of Public Health, and a team of investigators at UAB, including Andrew W. Brown, Ph.D., Michelle ...

New Breakthrough Takes Researchers a Step Closer to Targeting the Nipah Virus

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A new study has reportedly developed a new breakthrough that may help counter the deadly Nipah virus. The human monoclonal antibody known as m102.4 is the first effective antiviral treatment for Nipah that has the potential for human therapeutic applications. Nipah and the closely related Hendra virus are highly infectious agents that emerged from Pteropid fruit bats in the 1990s, causing serious disease outbreaks in a variety of domestic animals and humans in Australia, ...

Chimpanzees Inclined Towards African, Indian Tunes

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Chimpanzees prefer listening to African, Indian tunes over strong beats of Western music, researchers claim. Study co-author Frans de Waal, PhD, of Emory University, said their objective was not to find a preference for different cultures' music and that they used cultural music from Africa, India and Japan to pinpoint specific acoustic properties. When African and Indian music was played near their large outdoor enclosures, the chimps spent significantly ...

Changes to US Kidney Allocation Policy May Help Cut Down Geographic Disparities in Transplantation

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A new study has found how small changes to kidney allocation policies in the US may help relieve geographic disparities related to transplantation. The findings suggest that local changes may be more effective than the sweeping changes that are currently being proposed to address geographic disparities. In the United States, the length of time it takes a person on the kidney transplant waiting list to receive a transplant varies depending on where that person lives. ...

Traumatic Brain Injury Linked to an Increased Risk of Dementia

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Older veterans having suffered traumatic brain injury are at a 60% higher risk of developing dementia, a new study has found. The study also found that veterans with a history of TBI developed dementia about two years earlier than those without TBI who had developed dementia. "These findings suggest that a history of TBI contributes risk for dementia in later life in veterans. If we assume that this relationship is causal, it seems likely that the same ...

Chronic Brain Damage Not as Common in NFL Players as Believed Earlier

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Chronic brain damage may not be as prevalent in NFL players as thought earlier, researchers claim. Researchers performed in-depth neurological examinations of 45 retired NFL players, ranging in age from 30-to 60-years old. The analysis included state-of-the-art magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), susceptibility weighted imaging (SWI), diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) along with comprehensive neuropsychological and neurological examinations, interviews, blood tests and ...

International Anti-Drug Abuse Day Celebrated in Delhi

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The walkathon in Delhi marked the participation of hundreds of people to raise public awareness about drug abuse on the event of International Day against Drug Abuse. The organisers hoped the campaign would send out a strong message of positive health, fitness and well-being and encourage participants to adopt a healthy lifestyle and build a drug-free environment. Music bands of Indian Coast Guard also participated in the walkathon. Commandant, ...

Astronauts to Now be Diagnosed Correctly With Just a Drop of Blood!

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A new prototype tester is being built to help provide diagnosis using a pinprick of blood in just a few minutes. The ultimate device will offer rapid health checks and results for scientific research. The droplet is placed on a portable device built around a disc like a mini-DVD. The disc is set spinning to separate the sample into plasma and serum for a whole range of simultaneous tests. On the ground, there are already numerous applications ...

Crops Grown on 'Land-Grabbed' Areas Could Provide Food for About 300 Million People

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Crops grown on land-grabbed areas in developing countries could feed around 100 million people worldwide, researchers claim. The improved infrastructure brought about by foreign investment could increase the productivity of subsistence farmlands in countries such as Indonesia and Papua New Guinea and could mean these lands can feed at least 300 million people around the world. This is compared to about 190 million people that could be fed if the land was left tended ...

'Casual Sex' may Actually be 'Good'

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A new study has found that casual sex could actually be good. According to researchers, those who were "sociosexually unrestricted" and indulged in casual sex, had higher self-esteem and life satisfaction and lower depression and anxiety, Metro.co.uk reported. The new study by New York University has challenged the popular misconceptions that casual sex can leave participants with low self-esteem and self-worth following a sexual encounter with someone ...

New SARM Drug Offers Hope for Older Cancer Patients

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Muscle wasting that occurs due to cancer affects the well being and recovery of many patients particularly elderly population in the Western society. Drugs called selective androgen receptor modulators (SARMs) offer hope for these patients, and a new SARM for transdermal administration is promising excellent efficacy without harming liver function and HDL levels. Results and conclusions were presented Tuesday at the joint meeting of the International Society of Endocrinology ...

High CD4 Cell Counts Linked to a Reduced Risk of Ischemic Stroke for Those With HIV

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HIV positive individuals have a 40 percent higher risk of ischemic stroke, however, these stroke rates are almost the same for HIV positive patients with high CD4 cell counts as for HIV negative patients. The study, published recently in iAIDS/i, the official journal of the International AIDS Society, covered the years 1996 through 2011 and included nearly 25,000 HIV-positive individuals. Ischemic stroke is caused by plaque build-up in blood vessels, ...

Cell Phones Actually Reflect Our Personal Microbiome

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Smartphones are all around us, and they may actually be smarter than you think! Our cell phones actually reflect the personal microbial world of their owners, with potential implications for their use as bacterial and environmental sensors, according to new research. New research focused on the personal microbiome - the collection of microorganisms on items regularly worn or carried by a person - demonstrates the significant microbiological connection we share with our phones. ...

New Drug Prevents Abnormal Blood Clots in the Brain

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A new compound that halts the progression of Alzheimer's disease by interfering with the role amyloid-a has been discovered by scientists. For more than a decade, potential Alzheimer's drugs have targeted amyloid-a, but, in clinical trials, they have either failed to slow the progression of the disease or caused serious side effects. However, by targeting the protein's ability to bind to a clotting agent in blood, the work in the Strickland lab offers ...

BPA Stimulates Growth of Breast Cancer Cells

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Bisphenol A (BPA) increases the proliferation of breast cancer cells, say Duke Medicine researchers. The researchers found that the chemical, at levels typically found in human blood, could also affect growth of an aggressive hormone-independent subtype of breast cancer cells called inflammatory breast cancer and diminish the effectiveness of treatments for the disease. "We set out to determine whether routine exposures to common chemicals such ...

Breast Cancer is the Most Common Cancer in Women in India

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Breast cancer in Indian women is steadily on the rise and research has shown for the first time now that breast cancer is the most common cancer in women in India because the risk of females getting breast cancer is 12.29 %. Women play many roles as a mother, a sister, a wife, a daughter (and) a friend. We all know the phrase " Matrudevo bhava" it means that mother is equal to God. Also no one can deny the fact that our mothers gone through thick and thin to groom ...