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Chondromalacia Patella/ Runner's Knee causes risk factors diagnosis treatment

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Chondromalacia patella is a term applied to the damage to the cartilage below the kneecap. The most significant symptom of this condition is a dull knee pain which increases on exerting the knee

Obesity in Italian Students: Time to Take Action

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A recently conducted Italian study throws light on various factors that could be associated with overweight and obesity in young Italians. a href="http:www.medindia.net/patients/patientinfo/childhood-obesity.htm" target="_blank" class="vcontentshlink"Obesity/a in children and adolescents is one of the major concerns of the modern world, with increasing availability of a href="http:www.medindia.net/news/Junk-Food-Should-Be-Banned-in-Schools-Playgrounds-WHO-79755-1.htm" ...

New Knowledge About Our Intestines Uncovered

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500 previously unknown microorganisms in human intestinal flora have been mapped by DTU Systems Biology researchers. Researchers have also mapped 800 also unknown bacterial viruses (also called bacteriophages) which attack intestinal bacteria. To map the microorganisms, the researchers have developed a new principle for analysing DNA sequence data, which they have named the co-abundance principle. A principle which basically assumes that different ...

Diagnosing Menopause With Global Tool Kit

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The world's first toolkit has been designed and created at Monash University, for GPs to use with women from the age of 40. Thought to be the first of its kind, researchers say the toolkit has the potential to help manage menopausal conditions for women globally. The Practitioner Toolkit for Managing the Menopause, which includes a diagnostic tool, as well as a compendium of approved hormone therapies, is published today in the journal, emClimacteric/em. Led ...

Spain's Pamplona Bull-Run Festival Launched Amid Huge Crowds

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Pamplona square was packed with red-and-white sea of revelers, who soaked each other with wine on Sunday to kick off Spain's most famous fiesta, the San Fermin bull-running festival. A shout from the City Hall balcony of "Viva San Fermin!" and the lighting of a firecracker known as the "chupinazo" at noon (1000 GMT) set off the bedlam, which marks the official start of the nine-day street party. Masses of fun-seekers from around the world squeezed into ...

Sixth Day of Hunger Strike by Doctors in Maharashtra

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Suspension of healthcare services in the state has resulted from doctors' strike in Maharashtra, which has entered its sixth day on Sunday. Reportedly, the state government dismissed more than 200 doctors on Saturday and warned that strict action would be taken if they failed to return to work by Sunday. President of Maharashtra Association of Gazetted Medical Officers (MAGMO), Doctor Rajesh Gaikwad, said they will continue their strike unless and until ...

Something That Makes You a True Brit

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A list of some of the traits that make a true Briton has been revealed after a new poll. The results of the poll by the energy firm OVO suggest that the traits include sipping tea to solve problems and gossiping, constant apologies, co-operating while in crisis, not causing needless commotions, curtain twitching, not tipping and binge-drinking, the Daily Express reported. A spokesman for OVO said that the list shows many of their unique qualities as ...

Researchers Find High Risk of Celiac Disease in Some Children

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Researchers have demonstrated that screening of genetically susceptible infants can lead to the diagnosis of celiac disease at a very early age. The collaborative group (physicians from the University of Colorado School of Medicine in collaboration with an international team) studied 6,403 children with specific genetic markers from birth to identify the factors involved in the development of both celiac disease and type 1 diabetes. The children are from the United ...

Researchers Reduce the Size of the Human Genome to 19,000 Genes

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How neurons communicate in the brain and how nutrients are metabolised are just some of the messages coded by the 3 billion letters that make up the human genome. The detection and characterisation of the genes present in this mass of information is a complex task that has been a source of ongoing debate since the first systematic attempts by the Human Genome Project more than ten years ago. A study led by Alfonso Valencia, Vice-Director of Basic Research ...

Cochrane Review on effects of adding Primaquine to Prevent Malaria Transmission

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Researchers conducted an independent review of the effects of adding a single dose of primaquine (PQ) to malaria treatment to prevent the transmission of the disease. The researchers were from the Cochrane Infectious Diseases Group, hosted at LSTM. Mosquitoes become infected with emPlasmodium falciparum/em when they ingest gametocyte-stage parasites from an infected person's blood. PQ is an antimalarial drug that does not cure malaria illness, but is known ...

Novel Intravaginal Ring Prevents Transmission of HIV

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A new intravaginal ring implanted with anti-retroviral drug tablets or pods, demonstrated sustained and controlled drug release and safety over 28 days. This is according to a paper published ahead of print in iAntimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy/i. The ring, designed to prevent transmission of HIV, was tested in pig-tailed macaque monkeys, and is engineered to be inexpensive, all the better for use in developing countries, says corresponding author Marc ...

Cognitive Behavioral Therapy in Pediatric Antidepressant Treatment Reduces Likelihood of Relapse

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A new UTSouthwestern Medical Center study indicates that cognitive behavioral therapy in addition to medication improves the long-term success of treatment for children and adolescents suffering from depression. Based on the results of a clinical trial conducted at UTSouthwestern and Children's Medical Center of Dallas, depression relapse rates were substantially lower in a group of youth who received both forms of treatment versus medication alone. "Continuation-phase ...

Personal Rivalry can Boost an Individual's Athletic Performance: Study

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We can all think of great sports rivals: tennis players Andre Agassi and Pete Sampras, basketball players Magic Johnson and Larry Bird or swimmers Michael Phelps and Ryan Lochte. These fierce, personal rivalries seem worlds apart from a hometown 5K race. Yet even local races often produce rivals who push each other to higher levels of performance, according to new research that surveyed runners and used data from 184 races. Rivalries are distinct from ...

Dalai Lama's 79th Birthday to be Celebrated by Tibetans in Dharamsala

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It has emerged that Tibeteans in Dharamsala plan to celebrate the 79th birthday of Buddhist religious leader Dalai Lama with great zeal and fervour. The Central Tibetan Administration in exile invited political leaders, administrative officers and locals to attend the grand celebration of the occasion today. "We will be celebrating the 79th birthday of His Holiness the 14th Dalai Lama. This year, the Central Tibetan Administration wants to extend ...

Protein Essential to Regulating Cell Cycle Progression Activates Key Tumor Suppressor

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Researchers say that a protein essential to regulating cell cycle progression - the process of cell division and replication - activates a key tumor suppressor, rather than inactivating it as previously thought. The study took place at the University of California, San Diego School of Medicine. "The finding is the result of literally 20 years of work in my lab," said Steven F. Dowdy, PhD, professor in the Department of Cellular and Molecular Medicine at UC San ...

Footballer-Turned-Movie Star Vinnie Jones Says He Has Won Battle Against Skin Cancer

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Former Chelsea and Leeds United midfielder Vinnie Jones has confirmed that he has won the battle against skin cancer, first diagnosed back in November, and is now back to full health. The 49-year-old footballer-turned-movie star has revealed that he pledged to fight the disease with everything he had after he was diagnosed with it when his wife, Tanya was also fighting the skin cancer, Mirror reported. An LA source said that Jones admitted that he was ...

Combining Weight Training With Aerobics can Help Keep Diabetes Under Control

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Combining aerobic exercise with weight training can have a major impact in controlling diabetes, a new study reveals. The experts at the University of Vienna assessed that the effects of aerobic exercise such as swimming, resistance exercise such as using gym weight machines and a combination of the two on blood sugar control, blood pressure and blood fats, the Daily Express reported. The study found that aerobic exercise was more effective in controlling ...

KGoal Pelvic Floor Trainer can Help Strengthen Vaginal Muscles

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Researchers have developed a new device which they claim will exercise vaginal muscles and strengthen them. KGoal Pelvic Floor Trainer device is an app, which has been designed by Minna Life, looks like a sex toy and acts like a vagina dumbbell, can be inserted into the vagina, the Daily Star reported. The wearer can then squeeze their pelvic floor muscles around the soft silicone pillow and it will measure the clench strength and feed that information ...

Protein in Squid Sucker Ring Teeth Could Aid Reconstructive Surgery: Study

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The tentacles of squid are loaded with hundreds of suction cups or suckers, and each sucker has a ring of razor-sharp "teeth" that help these mighty predators latch onto and take down prey. In a study published in the journal emACS Nano/em, researchers report that the proteins in these teeth could form the basis for a new generation of strong, but malleable, materials that could someday be used for reconstructive surgery, eco-friendly packaging and many other ...

Person Injured in Tiruvallur Wall Collapse is Stable, Doctor Says

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One person rescued from the rubble of the Triuvallur wall collapse is stable and responding to treatment at Stanley Hospital, the Director of Medical Education, Dr. Geetha Lakshmi said. "The one person rescued is stable and responding, 11 are dead and have been put in Tiruvallur mortuary. The local municipality will do the identification. All the trapped people have been rescued," said Dr Lakshmi. Earlier today, eleven people were killed after the compound ...

Alcohol Legislation Not Stopping Youth from Enjoying the Night Life in Turkey

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The Turkish government's new legislation that has made it more expensive and harder to buy or sell alcohol in the country has been slammed by critics as being part of a religious agenda of the Islamic-rooted government but it has not stopped people like 29-year old Merve Kortan from continuing to enjoy the night life. But for Kortan, a business consultant sporting a cropped black top, high heels and a few tattoos, the campaign hasn't dampened her party mood. "The ...

Testosterone Therapy Does Not Increase Heart Attack Risk: Study

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A new U.S. based study of more than 25,000 older men shows that testosterone therapy does not increase risk for heart attack. Testosterone prescriptions for older men in the United States have increased more than three-fold over the past decade. Recent studies linking testosterone use with increased risk of heart attack and stroke have caused widespread concern among patients and their families. The study, conducted by researchers at the University ...

Two Degree Celsius Change in Climate to Cost 800 Billion US Dollars Per Year Globally

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Additional investments of about 800 billion US Dollars per year are required globally from now to mid-century in order to limit climate change to 2 degree Celsius, reveals a new study. However, much of that capital could come from shifting subsidies and investments away from fossil fuels and associated technologies, as fossil subsidies currently amount to around 500 billion dollars per year worldwide. David McCollum, the IIASA researcher, said that ...

Village Council in India Finally Loosens Iron Grip on Rural Life

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All his life, Yashpal Mor watched men in his village stay single rather than defy the rules of the traditional village council. For as long as anyone can remember, families in a cluster of villages north of the capital have lived under two sets of laws -- those of the government and another imposed by unelected but powerful men. From marriage to property and even the wearing of jeans, all-male councils, or khap panchayats, have issued diktats that have ...

Specially-Abled in Siliguri Cheered by Three-Day Painting Exhibition

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A three- day painting- cum- sale exhibition was organized in Siliguri by Anubhab, a voluntary organization in West Bengal, to bring cheer to the specially-abled. A specially- abled boy, Pradip Nag, attending the programme, said that he was happy to be there. "I feel good being here. We never had this kind of programme before. This is the first time it is being held. Lot of paintings and books come. People come to watch and buy these which are displayed. ...

Survey Finds Britons Will be Lost Without Cars, TV and Tea

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Computers, cars, TVs and tea have become such an integral part of modern life that Britons across various age groups admit that they cannot live without such products. The survey found that people aged between 18 and 20 added their pair of headphones to the most-prized possession list but as people reached their twenties, a TV and a nice cup of tea took precedence, the Daily Express reported. Whereas, people in their thirties couldn't live without a ...

Head of Philippines' Catholic Church Wants the Clergy to Help People Without Becoming Judgmental

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Signaling its intentions of adopting a more liberal approach, the head of Philippines' Catholic Church, which has been in the news for its strong anti-abortion and contraception stance, has asked the clergy to 'listen more and condemn less'. Church leaders exert vast influence in the conservative Philippines, Asia's bastion of Catholicism and the only state apart from Vatican that still outlaws both divorce and terminations. But with many modern Filipino ...

Automated Trucks to be Launched by Mercedes in the Near Future

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German luxury car maker Mercedes has confirmed that it will be developing an automated series of truck, called the Future Truck 2025, which will allow the driver to do what he wants while driving. The test drive of this vehicle was brief, covering about three miles during which the driver was busy staring at the pork cutlets and paid no attention on the road, CNN reported. The truck would give the driver the liberty to text or do whatever he wants to ...

Emergency Talks on Action to Halt West African Ebola Epidemic

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Emergency talks on the worst Ebola outbreak in history were due to wrap up with ministers hoping to halt the virus' deadly rampage in west Africa, after a jump in the number of deaths. The highly-contagious tropical bug has infected hundreds of people in Guinea, Liberia and Sierra Leone, with the latest World Health Organization (WHO) figures showing that confirmed or suspected cases had left 467 people dead and experts fearing it could spread throughout the region. ...

"World's Strongest Beer" Now Available for 50 Euros

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A Scottish brewery claims to have come up with the world's strongest beer, with its Snake Venom boasting of an ABV of 67.5 percent. The experts have confirmed that Brewmeister's 'Snake Venom' carries a warning on the neck of the bottle and is produced using two different yeast strains - ale and champagne - and is freeze-concentrated to boost its alcohol content, the Daily Star reported. Boozers have been warned to not guzzle the drink, but savour it ...

Chimps Form New Traditions by Copying Habits of Peers

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The example of 'grass in the ear' trend becoming popular among chimpanzees suggests that the primates often form new traditions by copying the habits of one of their group members, though these traditions are often seen only among one specific group. According to the researchers, a female chimp named Julie repeatedly put a stiff, strawlike blade of grass for no apparent reason in one or both of her ears and left it there even when she was grooming, playing or resting, ...

Positive Portrayal of Unhealthy Food Habits on TV Setting Bad Examples for Kids

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TV characters who promote unhealthy food habits by showing them in a positive light are setting a bad example for kids in real life, a new study reveals. The researchers established that statutory legislation to curb children's exposure to high sugar and fat in food/drink in TV adverts was introduced in the UK in 2007, and similar regulations have recently come on stream in Ireland, however these weren't applied to programme content. Unhealthy foods accounted ...

People Willing to Give Themselves Electric Shocks Rather Than Brood Alone

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Rather than sitting alone and doing nothing, a new study has found that people will be happy to do any kind of activity, even if it is as unpleasant as giving themselves electric shocks. A new psychological investigation led by the University of Virginia found that people generally did not enjoyed spending even brief periods of time alone with nothing to do but think, ponder or daydream but they liked doing more external activities such as listening to music or using ...

Hormone Secreted by Bone Marrow Fat Tissue Provides Numerous Health Benefits

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Researchers at University of Michigan have found that the hormone adiponectin, secreted by bone marrow fat tissue, provides a number of health benefits, including maintaining insulin sensitivity, breaking down fat and reducing the risk of cardiovascular disease, diabetes, and obesity-associated cancers. Ormond MacDougald, Ph.D., said that the findings were significant because they have found that bone marrow adipose tissue might have protective role and could influence ...

Whales Play a Crucial Role in Boosting Our Ecosystem

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A new study has found that whales play a more crucial and positive role in balancing our ecosystem than initially thought. Joe Roman from University of Vermont along with a team of biologists tallied several decades of research on whales from around the world, and found that whales have a powerful and positive influence on the function of oceans, global carbon storage, and the health of commercial fisheries. Roman wrote in the paper that the decline ...

IPunch Boxing Gloves to Help Track Your Punches

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Boxers can now take advantage of modern technology after a start-up company developed 'smart boxing gloves' called the iPunch which can connect to smartphones and display the power and speed of a boxer's punches. The concept is the brainchild of Stephen Cains, CEO and Founder of the Responsive Sports start-up, who has been practicing Muay Thai and Mixed Martial Arts (MMA) forms of boxing and kickboxing respectively for 16 years, Mashable reports. Cains ...