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Obesity Reduced With an Intestinal Protein

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A protein called Myd88, in the intestine immune system, helps in controlling body weight and to reduce the diabetes type 2, linked to the obesity, reveals a new study. A group of UCL researchers identified an unsuspected mechanism impacting the development of obesity and diabetes type 2 after following a diet with a high dose of fat nutrition. The team of Professor Patrice D. Cani, in direct collaboration with two French teams, a Swedish expert as well ...

Brussels Sprout, the 'Christmas Veggie', can Help Fight Cancer

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Brussels sprout is not only a specially served Christmas vegetable, but is also a superfood that could help fight against cancer, claim scientists. The little green vegetable is a nutrient-dense powerhouse, and having only a cup of the smelly food contains 240 percent of the recommended daily amount of vitamin K1 and nearly 130 percent of your daily vitamin C intake, the Daily Star reported. According to a research, they are a great source of fibre, ...

Spread of Lung Cancer Revealed

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The mystery behind the spreading of lung cancer was revealed by scientists. The researchers at the Cancer Research UK Manchester Institute discovered that the ties which lash cells together - controlled by a protein called TIAM1 - were chopped up when cell maintenance work goes wrong. Healthy cells routinely scrap old cell parts so they could be broken down and used again. But this process spiraled out of control in lung cancer cells, which ...

Cameras Fitted On Police Body Reduce Unnecessary Use-of-Force

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Police body-worn-cameras help reduce unnecessary use-of-force, reveals a new study. Researchers from the University of Cambridge's Institute of Criminology (IoC) have now published the first full scientific study of the landmark crime experiment they conducted on policing with body-worn-cameras in Rialto, California in 2012, the results of which have been cited by police departments around the world as justification for rolling out this technology. The ...

Tourists See a 'Hidden' Barcelona Shown by Homeless Guides

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This Christmas, Ramon Holgado is back on his feet. He used to sleep outside in a cardboard box but is now guiding homeless-themed tours of the Barcelona streets he lived rough in. As well as filling them in on the history and showing them some nice views, Holgado, 64, gives visitors an insight into the poverty that has ravaged the Catalonian capital since the economic crisis struck. He used to be a chef in a luxury restaurant in New York but came back ...

Medical Homes With Primary and Specialty Care Cost-effective for High-risk Children

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Medical homes that provide both primary and specialty care with multiple features to promote prompt effective care are potentially the most cost-effective for high-risk patients, particularly high-risk children with chronic illness whose care is often fragmented, costly, and ineffective, according to scientists at University of Texas Medical School, Houston. These medical homes had an increase in access to care and parent satisfaction and a reduction in serious illnesses. Although ...

Extreme Heat Associated With an Increased Risk of Hospitalization for Older Adults

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Periods of extreme heat in the U.S. i.e. between 1999 and 2000 have been associated with an increased risk of hospitalization for older adults for fluid and electrolyte disorders, kidney failure, urinary tract infections, septicemia and heat stroke, according to scientists at Harvard School of Public Health, Boston. These weather-related outcomes are expected to escalate as heat waves become more frequent, more intense, and longer lasting with climate change. Researchers ...

12 New Genes Linked With Developmental Disorders in Children

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British scientists have discovered 12 genes linked to developmental disorders in children that can cause heart defects, seizures and intellectual disability. This finding by the ongoing research project, Deciphering Developmental Disorders (DDD), could increase by 10 percent the proportion of children that could be diagnosed by identifying the DNA mutations responsible for their condition. Almost half the children with severe developmental disorders such as growth problems, ...

Fourth UN Staff Member Tests Positive for Ebola

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A United Nations staff member in Liberia has been hospitalized after testing positive for the Ebola virus. This is the fourth case of Ebola among the United Nations Mission in Liberia (UNMIL) personnel. The UN member who tested positive was immediately transferred to an Ebola treatment unit. Karin Landgren, the special representative of UN chief Ban Ki-moon said, "UNMIL is taking all necessary measures to mitigate any possible further transmission, both within the mission ...

5-day Lockdown in Sierra Leone

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Treatment for Early Stage Breast Cancer may Not be as Effective

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While clinical trial data support omitting radiation treatments in elderly women with early stage breast cancer, nearly two-thirds of these women continue to receive it, shows a new analysis. The findings are published early online in iCancer/i, a peer-reviewed journal of the American Cancer Society. Results published in 2004 from a large, randomized clinical trial showed that adding radiation therapy to surgery plus tamoxifen does not reduce 5-year ...

Dietary Restrictions Improve Metabolism and Protect from Tissue Injury

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A recent study published in 'Cell' reveals the key molecular mechanism which identifies that dietary restrictions or reduced food intake without malnutrition are beneficial for health. Dietary restriction can include overall reduction in food intake, decreased consumption of particular macronutrients like proteins, or intermittent bouts of fasting. It was known to have beneficial health effects including protection from tissue injury and improved metabolism. The findings ...

Hispanic Women Less Likely to Survive Endometrial Uterine Cancer

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In a study evaluating outcomes of Hispanic women with endometrial uterine cancer, researchers have found that Hispanic women in the United States were significantly less likely to survive the cancer than non-Hispanic white women. The study took place at the University of Texas Medical Branch at Galveston. A total of 69,764 women diagnosed with endometrial cancer between 2000 and 2010 were included in this study of public-use data from the National Cancer Institute's ...

Study Offers New Hope for Patients With Advanced Breast Cancer

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A groundbreaking study offers new hope for women with advanced breast cancer. Researchers from UCLA's Jonsson Comprehensive Cancer Center have published final clinical trial results that showed the amount of time patients were on treatment without their cancer worsening (called progression-free survival) was effectively doubled in women with advanced breast cancer who took the experimental drug palbociclib. An investigational drug discovered and being ...

Maternal Multiple Micronutrients Supplementation Leads to Reductions in Preterm Births and Low Birth Weight

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Daily maternal supplementation with multiple micronutrients was compared to iron-folic acid supplementation before and after childbirth, by scientists in Bangladesh. They found that multiple micronutrients (MM) supplementation did not affect all-cause infant mortality to age 6 months, but did result in significant reductions in preterm birth and low birth weight. The study is published in 'JAMA'. Researchers studied 22,405 pregnancies in the multiple micronutrient group ...

Majority Gout Patients in England Do Not Receive Recommended Treatment

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According to a study published in the JAMA, only a minority of gout patients in England receive urate-lowering treatment according to guideline recommendations. Existing guidelines in England recommend urate-lowering treatment for patients with more severe gout or accompanying conditions. However, it remains unclear when such treatment is appropriate. Researchers investigated the timing of eligibility for and prescription of urate-lowering treatment following ...

French Doctors on Strike in Protest of an Upcoming Health Bill

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Three unions of French doctors have called for a strike in protest of certain aspects of an upcoming health bill, which notably would allow pharmacists to vaccinate patients; and also set up a system whereby patients would no longer be reimbursed retroactively for doctors' visits, with social security directly paying GPs instead. This proposed change has prompted fears of payment delays. Claude Leicher, head of MG France, one of the unions calling the strike, said, ...

Multicolor RGB Tracking Allows Us to Understand How Human Brain Works

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A new marking technique, known as multicolor RGB tracking, allows individual brain cells to be encoded which helps improve our understanding of how the brain works has been developed by scientists from the University of Southampton. The cells can be marked with a heritable color mark generated by a random combination of the three basic colors (red, green and blue). Lead researcher Dr. Diego Gomez-Nicola said, "With this technique, we have proved the effective spatial ...

TSRI Comes Up With Compound That is Beneficial for Huntington's Disease Mice and Their Offspring

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A new study by scientists at The Scripps Research Institute (TSRI) suggests that drug compounds which benefit parents can also cause changes in genetic expression that benefit offspring. Mice studies reveal that the offspring of mice treated with a drug had delayed onset and reduced symptoms of Huntington's disease, an inherited, degenerative disease that causes a loss of motor skills, cognitive impairment and death. Lead author of the study said, "Although there ...