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1 in 20 Preschoolers Have Conduct Disorder

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If tantrums and disruptive behavior among children is prolonged or especially intense, the child may have conduct disorder, a childhood psychiatric problem that could be a harbinger of antisocial behavior, according to researchers at Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis. It was found that about 1 in 20 preschoolers have conduct disorder. Researchers found that certain symptoms of conduct disorder indicate problems are likely to continue as kids ...

One in Five Adult Epilepsy Patients Have ADHD Symptoms

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About one in five adult epilepsy patients reported attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) symptoms, according to a study published online in Epilepsia. Study participants who experienced ADHD symptoms also reported higher rates of anxiety, depression and worse seizure frequency. These finding are four times higher than the approximate 4.4% rate of ADHD diagnosis in the general adult population. Study lead Dr. Alan B. Ettinger said, "Those who reported ADHD ...

Rapid Growth of Deadly Bacteria Occurs Due to Iron Overload Disease

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Vibrio vulnificus is found in warm saltwater that causes people to get sick or die. Every summer people are reported to be infected after they eat raw tainted shellfish or when an open wound comes in contact with seawater. People with a weakened immune system, chronic liver disease or iron overload disease are most at risk for severe illness. Vibrio vulnificus infections in high-risk individuals are fatal 50 percent of the time. Now, researchers at UCLA ...

Clinginess and Over-protectiveness Advantageous When Rearing Pet

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Research by scientists at UC Berkeley and California State University shows that helicopter parenting, that is a healthy measure of clinginess and over-protectiveness, could actually be advantageous when rearing pet. US Researchers conducted a web-based survey of more than 1,000 pet owners nationwide and analyzed the key personality traits and nurturing styles of people. They found that people who expressed the greatest affection for their pets also rated among ...

US Accountable Care Organizations Aim to Achieve Higher Quality Care at Lower Cost by Influencing Physician Referrals Ethically

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Growing number of accountable care organizations (ACOs) in the United States are aiming to achieve higher quality care at lower cost, partly by influencing where patients receive care. Experts from Johns Hopkins Berman Institute of Bioethics and Division of General Internal Medicine said, "ACOs can influence referrals in an ethical manner that simultaneously enhances choice and improves patient outcomes if they consider three basic issues: transparency, appropriate metrics, ...

Voxx Gadget 'Baby on Board' Aims to Prevent Infant Deaths in Sweltering Cars

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A new gadget 'Baby on Board' by Voxx Electronics which aims at preventing heat-related deaths of infants in parked cars was on show at the Consumer Electronics Show (CES) in Las Vegas. According to Voxx, dashboards in the sun can become fierce heating elements, turning passenger compartments into ovens. The alert system is aimed at preventing absent-minded parents from leaving children alone in sweltering temperatures. Voxx Electronics president Tom Malone said, ...

Parents in Spain Will Sign a Declaration Promising Their Daughters Will Not Undergo Female Genital Mutilation

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Spain's health ministry approved on Wednesday a new government protocol, which will require parents to sign a declaration promising their daughters will not undergo female genital mutilation when they visit nations where the practice is common. According to the World Health Organization (WHO), more than 125 million women have been mutilated in 29 countries in Africa and Middle East. Female genital mutilation ranges from the hacking off of the clitoris to the mutilation ...

Long Working Hours Linked to Alcohol Abuse

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Long working hours boosted the likelihood of higher alcohol intake by 11 percent overall, according to a paper published in The BMJ journal. People from Belgium, Britain, Canada, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Japan, New Zealand, Spain, Sweden, Taiwan and the United States were part of the study. Researchers found that individuals who exceed 48 working hours per week, the European Union's suggested maximum, are likelier to consume risky quantities of alcohol. ...

Community-Wide Cardiovascular Disease Prevention Programs Linked With Improved Health Outcomes

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Sustained, community-wide programs targeting cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factors and behavior changes were associated with reductions in hospitalization and death rates over a 40 year period (1970-2010) in a rural Maine county, compared with the rest of the state. Substantial improvements were noted for hypertension and cholesterol control and smoking cessation, according to researchers at Franklin Memorial Hospital, Farmington, Maine. Researchers studied health ...

Rate of Investment in Medical Research Declined in US and Increased Globally, from 2004 to 2012

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The rate of investment in medical research has declined in the United States, while there has been an increase in research investment globally, particularly in Asia, from 2004 to 2012, according to a study by the Alerion Institute and Alerion Advisors LLC, North Garden, Va., and Johns Hopkins School of Medicine, Baltimore. Researchers examined developments over the past two decades in the pattern of who conducts and who supports medical research, as well as resulting ...

Scientists Develop First Ever Laboratory-grown Contracting Human Skeletal Muscle

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Scientists at Duke University have grown the first ever laboratory-grown contracting human skeletal muscle that contracts and responds just like native tissue to external stimuli such as electrical pulses, biochemical signals and pharmaceuticals. This success could revolutionize drug discovery and personalized medicine. Researcher Nenad Bursac said, "The beauty of this work was that it could serve as a test bed for clinical trials in a dish, and they were working ...

Personalized Therapy With Dalcetrapib Improves Outcomes for Cardiovascular Disease

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A new personalized therapy with dalcetrapib for cardiovascular disease has been demonstrated by researchers at the Montreal Heart Institute. The research team analyzed 5749 patients who received dalcetrapib or placebo and provided DNA in a clinical study. They found a strong association between the effects of dalcetrapib and a specific gene called ADCY9 (adenylate cyclase 9) on chromosome 16, particularly for a specific genetic variant (rs1967309). In ...

Diagnosis of Invasive Breast Cancer at an Early Stage and Survival Varies by Race and Ethnicity

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The likelihood of diagnosing invasive breast cancer at an early stage, and survival after stage I diagnosis, varied by race and ethnicity, with much of the difference accounted for by biological differences, according to researchers at the Women's College Hospital, Toronto. Researchers studied nearly 375,000 women in United States who were diagnosed with invasive breast cancer from 2004 to 2011 who were identified in the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results ...

Arvind Kejriwal Holds 'Hindering' Congress Responsible for His Resignation

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Aam Aadmi Party (AAP) chief Arvind Kejriwal blamed the Congress for his resignation as the Delhi chief minister, adding that legislators from the party hindered the working of his government. "When I became chief minister, the Congress objected to everything I did. I resigned because I was not allowed to work properly. Now I have learned my lesson and will not resign this time," Kejriwal said at a public gathering. The AAP chief further urged the electorate ...

SC Directs UP Government to Conclude All Female Foeticide Trials Within Three Months

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The Supreme Court has directed the Uttar Pradesh Government and its courts to conclude all trials of cases for offence of female foeticide and sex determination within three months. The cases would include only those where either the Allahabad High Court or the apex court have not stayed the trial. A bench comprising Justices Dipak Misra and Prafulla C Pant also asked the registrar general of the Allahabad High Court to issue a circular to trial courts ...

Teams Work Better Than Individuals While Predicting Crucial World Events

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Teams work better than individuals at intelligence analysis and predicting crucial world events, reveals a new study. When it comes to predicting important world events, teams do a better job than individuals, and laypeople can be trained to be effective forecasters even without access to classified records. The study findings challenged some common practices of the U.S. intelligence community, where professional analysts usually specialize in one topic ...

Roche Will Pay (Dollar) 750 Million for Rights to 0P0595 Molecule That Boosts Efficiency of Antibiotics

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Swiss pharmaceutical giant Roche will be paying up to (Dollar) 750 million for rights to a new molecule, 0P0595, is in the first phase of development that helps boost the efficiency of antibiotics to fight increasingly resistant bacteria. Roche said, "The deal with Japan's Meiji Seika Pharma and Canada's Fedora would allow us to develop and market beta-lactamase inhibitor OP0595 worldwide, except in Japan where Meiji will retain the rights." Roche will make an initial payment ...

Tiny Roundworms on International Space Station may Help Astronauts Fight Muscle, Bone Loss

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Recently, researchers have revealed that tiny roundworms on International Space Station (ISS) may help astronauts fight muscle and bone loss. Two Japanese Aerospace Exploration Agency (JAXA) investigations on the International Space Station help researchers seek clues to physiological problems found in astronauts by studying Caenorhabditis elegans, a millimeter-long roundworm that, like the fruit fly, is widely used as a model for larger organisms. The ...

Scientists Discover New "Trick" Steroids Use To Suppress Inflammation

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A new "trick" steroids use to suppress inflammation, which could be used to make new anti-inflammatory drugs without the harmful side effects of steroids, has been discovered by Georgia State University researchers. Their findings have been published in the journal iNature Communications/i. Glucocorticoids, a class of steroid hormones, are among the most commonly used anti-inflammatory agents. Steroids have been effective at suppressing inflammation, ...

New Device Zaps Your Brain to Change Mood

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Recently, a new device has been developed that can zap people's mind to change their mood. According to Tom's Guide, a private demo with Thync at CES 2015 involved people sitting with a small module attached to their foreheads for 15 minutes while electric currents passed through their nerves to their brain. Since the product was still being finalized, Thync declined to neither take the photograph of the prototype module nor did they describe its shape, ...

Cancer Deaths to be Eliminated by 2050, Except for Over-80s

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Cancer deaths will be eliminated for all except for the people over 80 years of age by 2050, reveals a new study. According to the experts, if recent gains in prevention and treatment carry on apace then it is possible to prevent further deaths and that UK was at a "special point in history" and could set a bold ambition to eradicate cancer-related mortality in people aged under 80 "during the course of the coming 20 to 30 years", the Independent reported. Researchers ...

Repressing Anger About Important Matters Makes Negotiators Lose Focus of Discussions

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It is not always cool to stay cool for negotiators during a heated meeting, since they lose the focus of discussions, suggests a new study. Researchers of the University of New South Wales in Australia examined how and when anger suppression affects negotiators' mental states and indirectly also their performance. The study is also one of the first to consider the role that the source of anger plays in negotiations. It was found that negotiators did ...

Knocking Down A Single Gene can Fix Stress-Induced Infertility in Rats

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Scientists have discovered that by knocking down a single gene, they can fix stress-induced infertility in rats. Although stress has been linked to decreased sex drive, delayed pregnancy and an increase in miscarriages, this is the first time the molecular basis for the links has been explored. Daniela Kaufer from the University of California Berkeley said that remarkably, genetic silencing of a single chemical compound, a peptide called RFRP3, restores ...

Just a Look at a Shivering Person can Make You Feel Cold

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It turns out that cold is contagious and just a look at someone who's feeling cold is enough to you shiver, suggests a new research. According to the researchers at the University of Sussex, UK, unconscious physiological changes may help us empathise with one another and live in communities and shows that humans are susceptible to 'temperature contagion'. Neuropsychiatrist Dr Neil Harrison, who led the research, said that mimicking another person is ...

Make Your Infants Take a Nap for Better Memory Development: Study

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Making the infants take naps makes their memory development process better, claims a new study. A new study, which is the first of its kind, from the University of Sheffield and Ruhr University Bochum, Germany, has revealed that babies learn best when they are sleepy. Daytime nap of 30 minutes helps infants to develop their memory and retain new behaviours they have learnt. The researchers found that the notion of "sleeping like a baby" was extremely ...