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Paper-Based Disposable Device Detects Dengue-Specific Antibodies from Saliva Within 20 Minutes

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A paper-based disposable device developed by The Institute of Bioengineering and Nanotechnology (IBN) of A*STAR will enable detecting dengue-specific antibodies easily from saliva within 20 minutes. The device is currently undergoing further development for commercial use. Currently, dengue infection is diagnosed by testing the patient's blood sample in the laboratory for the presence of dengue antigens or antibodies. IBN's rapid diagnostic kit can detect a key ...

New Ebola Cases Dropped to Its Lowest Level

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The World Health Organization (WHO) has reported that the number of new Ebola cases reported in the three worst-hit countries in west Africa, Sierra Leone, Guinea and Liberia has dropped to its lowest level since late June. With 65 new cases in Sierra Leone, 30 in Guinea and 4 in Liberia, the WHO said that the three countries jointly reported a total of 99 new cases for the week ending January 25. However, Guinea's figure rose from 20 confirmed cases in the previous ...

Men and Women are Not So Different as Previously Thought Of, and Think Quite Alike

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Men and women are not so different after all, and think quite alike, suggest scientists at Iowa State University. Researcher Zlatan Krizan conducted a meta-synthesis of more than 100 meta-analyses of gender differences. The purpose of the study was not to identify why men and women are different, but to measure by how much. The study results showed an almost 80 percent overlap for more than 75 percent of the psychological characteristics, such as risk taking, ...

Russian Ambassador Summoned by Britain After Two Bombers Flew Over English Channel

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After two Russian bombers flew over the English Channel as RAF typhoons were scrambled, Britain has urged for a meeting with the Russian ambassador. According to Sky News, a Foreign Office spokesperson said that the incident was part of an "increasing pattern of out of area operations by Russian aircraft". A spokesperson said that the Russian Ambassador was summoned today to account for the incident as the Russian planes caused disruption to civil aviation. ...

Swine Flu in Andhra Pradesh is Not as Intense as in 2009

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Positive cases of swine flu continue to increase with a rough estimate of 200 in Hyderabad with a death toll of 32 in January. Provincial Minister for Information and Public Relations, Palle Raghunatha Reddy said, "In Andhra Pradesh, the viral disease swine flu has extended all over the 13 districts of the state, of which 49 cases were reported. Around 26 cases are positive and two deaths have occurred. In order to prevent all these disease we are taking many steps." ...

Baby's Brain is Constantly Working and Creating New Knowledge Even While Sleeping

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A baby's brain is constantly working and creating new knowledge even while they sleep, according to scientists from the Max Planck Institute for Human Cognitive and Brain Sciences in Leipzig and researchers from the University of Tubingen. Head of the study Angela Friederici said, "The waking infant brain quickly forgets newly learned names, but during sleep, words are more durably linked to objects and imprinted." Sleep is much more than just relaxation for our ...

Non-refrigerating Method to Preserve Bone and Cartilage Graft

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Eighty percent of tissue donated for joint repair goes waste and the bone and cartilage grafts harvested from donor tissue don't survive for very long. Researchers at University of Missouri School of Medicine have developed a new way to preserve such tissue by doubling its lifetime than before. Hopefully, this would lead to a major reduction in the need for such tissue. Currently, donor tissue is preserved in refrigerators, floating within a special ...

Fashion Trends and Their Health Risks - Slide Show

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We love wearing what's in fashion but taking fashion trends too seriously can pose some very serious health complications.

Home Remedies for Bedwetting

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Do you wake up embarrassed to find that you have wet your bed? Don't be embarrassed as there is a solution for bedwetting. Learn natural home remedies for bedwetting, its treatment, and causes.

The Food Safety and Standards Act Should be Business-friendly

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The Food Safety and Standards Act is not in harmony with the 'Make in India'. The Tamil Nadu Chamber of Commerce and Industry has urged Prime Minister Narendra Modi to intervene and remove "irritants" in the Food Safety and Standards Act. Chamber president, N.Jegatheesan said the Act contained several inconsistent and impractical provisions, which would penalise those in food sector business. Product approval has been a major issue that FSSAI (Food ...

Overeating and Sugar Addiction Linked to Brain Circuit

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Overeating and sugar addiction is found to be due to a specific brain circuit. The reward-related neural circuit specifically controls compulsive sugar consumption in mice. The control of sugar consumption could be done without preventing the feeding necessary for survival. This experiment provides a novel target for the safe and effective treatment of compulsive overeating in humans. Senior study author Kay Tye of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology said ...

Super Bowl Alert Following Warning of Measles Outbreak in Arizona

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After a warning of possibility of 1,000 people being exposed to a measles outbreak, as Arizona prepares to host this weekend's Super Bowl, health authorities in the state are on alert. Arizona's Department of Health recommended that any unvaccinated child or adult who had been in contact with infected people to spend 21 days in isolation at home to curb the risk of spreading the virus. Anyone deemed at risk of infection has been offered doses of immune ...

Sen. Sherrod Brown Wants Congress to Extend Funding for Children's Healthcare Program

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Sen. Sherrod Brown announced plans to extend funding for the Children's Health Insurance Program - better known as CHIP - until 2019. This program affects 1,378 children in Medina County and 2,857 children in Lorain County by providing health care to low-to-moderate income children and pregnant women who are not eligible for Medicaid. "CHIP means vaccines, it means shots and pediatric dental coverage," Brown said. "It means better attendance at school." The program was ...

Interesting Facts and Statistics about Tuberculosis

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Tuberculosis began to decline with the invention of the tuberculosis vaccine. Statistics show that the problem resurfaced with the HIV epidemic and the current crisis of drug resistant tuberculosis.

Bird Flu Spreads to 11 States in Nigeria, Government Declares

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Cases of H5N1 strain of bird flu has spread from seven to 11 states of Nigeria within a week, resulting in the deaths of tens of thousands of poultry, confirmed Nigeria on Thursday. No human cases of bird flu were recorded. Agriculture Minister Akinwumi Adesina told an emergency meeting on the outbreak that "as of yesterday (Wednesday) a total of 11 states, have reported positive cases". Cases have been recorded in Kano, Plateau, Gombe and Jigawa in ...

Tangled, a Hair Donation Campaign for Cancer Patients by College Students

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Last year, six college students lurched the idea to support cancer patients by donating their hair to make wigs. Tangled, an initiative of Rotaract Club of Women's Christian College (WCC) and Green Trends Salon, was inaugurated on Thursday, with several students coming forward to donate their hair. This was an initiative by college girls to boost the self-confidence of cancer patients. Chemotherapy, the one of the treatments for cancer results in hair ...

Blood Vessel Calcification Increases Risk of Heart Disease in People With Recurrent Kidney Stones

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Blood vessel calcification may increase the risk of heart disease in people who develop recurrent kidney stones, according to a study published in the 'Clinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology' (CJASN). The findings suggest that monitoring such calcification may help protect the heart health of stone formers. Approximately 10% of men and 7% of women develop kidney stones. Over the last ten years, large epidemiological studies have shown that kidney ...

Millions in Britain Who are Receiving Asthma Treatment may Have Been Wrongly Diagnosed

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The National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE) has found that more than 1 million people in Britain who are receiving treatment for asthma may have been wrongly diagnosed. The health watchdog has published a new draft guidance for doctors on testing for the condition. Asthma is a long-term condition that can cause coughing, wheezing and breathlessness. The NICE report says that around 4.1 million people in Britain receive treatment for asthma but studies ...

Cases of Muscle Weakness or Paralysis Among Children in US can be Linked to EV-D68 Virus

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US doctors have reported 12 cases of muscle weakness or paralysis among children in Colorado that may be linked to a nationwide outbreak of an usually rare respiratory virus called EV-D68. EV-D68 is a so-called non-polio enterovirus. Some viruses in this group have been found to cause meningitis, encephalitis or paralysis, as well as infection of the heart muscle or the sac surrounding it, in a small number of people. EV-D68 has previously caused localized outbreaks ...

Litchi Fruit Suspected in Mystery Brain Disease in India

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US researchers have found that the mysterious and sometimes fatal brain disease that has afflicted children in northeastern India for several years could be linked to a toxic substance in litchi fruits. However, investigators feel the need for more research to uncover the cause of the illness, which leads to seizures, altered mental state and death in more than a third of cases. The report by the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) states that the ...

Targeting the Brain-Kidney Interactions Reduces Salt-Induced Kidney Scarring

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High-salt intake can promote kidney function decline in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD), according to a study by Chinese researchers. They revealed that the effects of salt consumption on the kidneys are mediated at least in part by brain-kidney interactions. The findings suggest new strategies for protecting the kidney health of patients. While it's known that salt intake can contribute to the progression of CKD, the mechanisms involved are unclear. ...

With Discovery of Ladon Security Protocol, 'Internet-Connected Pacemakers' Come Closer to Reality

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Researchers at University of the Basque Country have to protect the information provided by medical devices connected to the Internet. With this discovery, pacemakers with internet connection are not-so-distant goal. The fitting of pacemakers and implantable cardioverter defibrillators (ICDs) is growing rapidly, which control heart rhythm and, if necessary, sends an appropriate response to make the heart beat at the right rhythm. They also record heart activity ...

Green Tea Helps Kill Oral Cancer Cells

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Green tea consists of a polyphenol, epigallocatechin-3-gallate (EGCG), which may help kill oral cancer cells, without touching the healthy cells, according to researchers at Penn State. researchers found that EGCG may trigger a process in the mitochondria that leads to cell death. Researchers studied normal human oral cells along with human oral cancer cells to determine how EGCG was affecting cancer cells differently than normal cells. They grew the normal and ...

People's Perceptions of Drug Cost Affects How Much They Benefit from the Drug, Even If They Receive Placebo

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People's perceptions of the cost of a drug may affect how much they benefit from the drug, even when they are receiving only a placebo, according to a new study of people with Parkinson's disease by researchers at the University of Cincinnati in Ohio. Study author Alberto J. Espay said, "Patients' expectations play an important role in the effectiveness of their treatments, and the placebo effect has been well documented, especially in people with Parkinson's disease. ...

UN Warns Ebola Epidemic is Decreasing but Not Yet Contained

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The UN Ebola coordinator David Nabarro warned that the ebola epidemic is decreasing but is still present in a third of the areas of the three worst affected west African nations of Liberia, Guinea and Sierra Leone. He was speaking at the African Union headquarters (AU), as leaders gather a day ahead of a summit meeting where Ebola is a key issue for discussion. Nabarro said, "The number of cases is decreasing week by week and getting to zero in many places... but ...

Chemicals Found in Plastics, Cosmetics Linked to Earlier Menopause and Declines in Ovarian Function

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Researchers at Washington University School of Medicine have discovered 15 chemicals found in plastics and cosmetics that are significantly associated with earlier menopause and declines in ovarian function. It was seen that women whose bodies contained high levels of these chemicals experienced menopause two to four years earlier than women with lower amounts of chemical exposure. Researchers analyzed 1,442 menopausal women, whose average age was 61, and who were ...