Medical News Today daily newsletter - 27 March 2014

Dear kostik,

Welcome to today's Medical News Today newsletter, containing the most recent headlines from your chosen news categories.

----------------------------------------------
** ALCOHOL / ADDICTION / ILLEGAL DRUGS News **

Smartphone app helps support recovery after treatment for alcoholism
http://mnt.to/l/4mp9
A smartphone application appears to help patients with alcohol use disorder (AUD) reduce risky drinking days compared to patients who received usual care after leaving treatment in a residential...

A deterrent for binge drinking in college students is risk of alcohol-related cancer
http://mnt.to/l/4mnh
Binge drinking for college students has proven to be a huge problem at many universities.

----------------------------------------------
** ALLERGY News **

Method can replace live animals in skin allergy tests according to validation study
http://mnt.to/l/4mnN
Guinea pigs and mice can be replaced with a non-animal skin sensitization method that uses a human-derived skin model, according to a study presented by the PETA International Science...

----------------------------------------------
** ALZHEIMER'S / DEMENTIA News **

Alzheimer's puzzle piece found using giant X-ray facilities
http://mnt.to/l/4mqf
Using giant X-ray centers called synchrotrons, researchers have discovered how a peptide converts iron into its toxic form, which could be causing brain cell damage.

In Alzheimer's disease, lipid rafts participate in the renewal of brain neurons
http://mnt.to/l/4mnn
Research over decades has implicated aberrant autophagy and lysosomal function as reliable markers and therapeutic targets for neurodegenerative diseases.

How to attenuate brain injury due to Alzheimer's disease
http://mnt.to/l/4mnm
Transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-β) type II receptor (TβRII) levels are extremely low in the brain tissue of patients with Alzheimer's disease.

----------------------------------------------
** ANXIETY / STRESS News **

The 'white coat effect' - doctors raise blood pressure in patients
http://mnt.to/l/4mnM
Doctors routinely record blood pressure levels that are significantly higher than levels recorded by nurses, the first thorough analysis of scientific data has revealed.

Virtual reality-based therapy helps veterans overcome posttraumatic stress disorder
http://mnt.to/l/4mnv
Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is common among military veterans and together with the often-related anxiety, depression, and psychological and emotional impairment can dramatically affect...

Mentally stimulating and demanding occupations may keep your mind sharp long after retirement
http://mnt.to/l/4mn8
A mentally demanding job may stress you out today but can provide important benefits after you retire, according to a new study.

----------------------------------------------
** ARTHRITIS / RHEUMATOLOGY News **

Genetics can explain why infections trigger onset of different types of rheumatoid arthritis
http://mnt.to/l/4mpt
A new international study has revealed how genetics could explain why different environmental exposures can trigger the onset of different forms of rheumatoid arthritis.

Key role played by protein in infection by oral pathogen
http://mnt.to/l/4mn7
Scientists at Forsyth, along with a colleague from Northwestern University, have discovered that the protein, Transgultaminase 2 (TG2), is a key component in the process of gum disease.

----------------------------------------------
** AUTISM News **

Autism begins in the womb, according to a new study
http://mnt.to/l/4mqd
Two new studies on the origins of autism debate the influence of environmental pollutants and brain defects occurring in the womb.

----------------------------------------------
** BIOLOGY / BIOCHEMISTRY News **

Plasma tool for destroying cancer cells
http://mnt.to/l/4mpk
Inducing biological tissue damage with an atmospheric pressure plasma source could open the door to many applications in medicine.

Researchers produce first comprehensive atlas of human genes
http://mnt.to/l/4mng
An international collaboration between scientists yields the first detailed atlas of how genes work within cells and tissues of the body, aiding better understanding of disease.

----------------------------------------------
** BLOOD / HEMATOLOGY News **

Drugs' influence on blood clotting measured by microfluidic device with artificial arteries
http://mnt.to/l/4mnG
A new microfluidic method for evaluating drugs commonly used for preventing heart attacks has found that while aspirin can prevent dangerous blood clots in some at-risk patients, it may not be...

----------------------------------------------
** BONES / ORTHOPEDICS News **

Researchers say gold-based drug shows promise for fighting bone cancer in people and pets
http://mnt.to/l/4mpn
A gold-based drug currently used in human and veterinary medicine to manage certain immune diseases may prove useful in combating osteosarcoma, a devastating bone cancer that affects both dogs...

----------------------------------------------
** BREAST CANCER News **

Financial decline due to breast cancer treatment reported by twenty-five percent of survivors
http://mnt.to/l/4mnF
Four years after being treated for breast cancer, a quarter of survivors say they are worse off financially, at least partly because of their treatment, according to a new study led by...

State-of-the-state on genetic-based testing and treatment for breast cancer issued by researchers
http://mnt.to/l/4mmW
Dartmouth researchers at its Norris Cotton Cancer Center have compiled a review of the role that information gathered through genetic testing plays in the diagnosis and treatment of breast...

Faster genetic testing method will likely transform care for many patients with breast cancer
http://mnt.to/l/4mkz
Faster and cheaper DNA sequencing techniques will likely improve care for patients with breast cancer but also create challenges for clinicians as they counsel patients on their treatment...

----------------------------------------------
** CANCER / ONCOLOGY News **

Researchers say gold-based drug shows promise for fighting bone cancer in people and pets
http://mnt.to/l/4mpn
A gold-based drug currently used in human and veterinary medicine to manage certain immune diseases may prove useful in combating osteosarcoma, a devastating bone cancer that affects both dogs...

Plasma tool for destroying cancer cells
http://mnt.to/l/4mpk
Inducing biological tissue damage with an atmospheric pressure plasma source could open the door to many applications in medicine.

Inducing biological tissue damage with plasma tool may destroy cancer cells
http://mnt.to/l/4mnr
Plasma medicine is a new and rapidly developing area of medical technology. Specifically, understanding the interaction of so-called atmospheric pressure plasma jets with biological tissues...

A deterrent for binge drinking in college students is risk of alcohol-related cancer
http://mnt.to/l/4mnh
Binge drinking for college students has proven to be a huge problem at many universities.

Cancer treatments that employ hot nanoparticles
http://mnt.to/l/4mn2
Nanoparticles have a great deal of potential in medicine: for diagnostics, as a vehicle for active substances or a tool to kill off tumours using heat.

----------------------------------------------
** CARDIOVASCULAR / CARDIOLOGY News **

Drugs' influence on blood clotting measured by microfluidic device with artificial arteries
http://mnt.to/l/4mnG
A new microfluidic method for evaluating drugs commonly used for preventing heart attacks has found that while aspirin can prevent dangerous blood clots in some at-risk patients, it may not be...

Genetic variation linked to heart disease risk through RNA machinery
http://mnt.to/l/4mkn
Researchers have pinpointed a new mechanism of how natural variation in our DNA alters an individual's risk for developing heart disease by interfering with the ability of a developmental gene...

----------------------------------------------
** CLINICAL TRIALS / DRUG TRIALS News **

Fertility experts in pioneering 'mediterranean diet' IVF study
http://mnt.to/l/4mp8
Fertility experts in Southampton are trialling the use of omega-3 fish oil and vitamin D to improve outcomes after in vitro fertilisation (IVF).

----------------------------------------------
** COLORECTAL CANCER News **

NICE rejects life-extending bowel cancer drug two weeks after Scottish approval
http://mnt.to/l/4mp5
NICE announced on 25 March 2014 that it is not recommending ZALTRAP® (aflibercept) to the NHS in England and Wales for the treatment of advanced, metastatic colorectal cancer (mCRC).

First framework published for colonoscopy for colorectal cancer screening bundle
http://mnt.to/l/4mmX
Patients want physicians to provide high-quality care and the health system requires good value for physician work.

----------------------------------------------
** DENTISTRY News **

Inducing biological tissue damage with plasma tool may destroy cancer cells
http://mnt.to/l/4mnr
Plasma medicine is a new and rapidly developing area of medical technology. Specifically, understanding the interaction of so-called atmospheric pressure plasma jets with biological tissues...

Key role played by protein in infection by oral pathogen
http://mnt.to/l/4mn7
Scientists at Forsyth, along with a colleague from Northwestern University, have discovered that the protein, Transgultaminase 2 (TG2), is a key component in the process of gum disease.

----------------------------------------------
** DEPRESSION News **

Research produces strong evidence for a new class of antidepressant drugs
http://mnt.to/l/4mpp
Scientists have shown for the first time that a chemical in the brain called galanin is involved in the risk of developing depression.

----------------------------------------------
** DERMATOLOGY News **

Method can replace live animals in skin allergy tests according to validation study
http://mnt.to/l/4mnN
Guinea pigs and mice can be replaced with a non-animal skin sensitization method that uses a human-derived skin model, according to a study presented by the PETA International Science...

Inducing biological tissue damage with plasma tool may destroy cancer cells
http://mnt.to/l/4mnr
Plasma medicine is a new and rapidly developing area of medical technology. Specifically, understanding the interaction of so-called atmospheric pressure plasma jets with biological tissues...

----------------------------------------------
** DIABETES News **

Diabetes: Good self-management helps to reduce mortality
http://mnt.to/l/4mp2
People with type 2 diabetes who report good self-management behavior have a reduced mortality risk.

Response of unborn children to glucose associated with mother's insulin sensitivity
http://mnt.to/l/4mnK
A study published in Diabetologia (the journal of the European Association for the Study of Diabetes) is the first to provide direct evidence that fetal brain response to a dose of sugar given...

Stem cell-derived pancreatic cells under the skin replace insulin
http://mnt.to/l/4mnq
Sanford-Burnham
Medical Research Institute (Sanford-Burnham) and UC San Diego School of Medicine scientists have shown that by encapsulating immature pancreatic cells derived from human...

Moms' still overweight at 1 year postpartum at increased risk for diabetes, heart problems
http://mnt.to/l/4mnk
'Watch out for weight gain within a year of giving birth to prevent new risk of diabetes and cardiovascular disease.

----------------------------------------------
** ENDOCRINOLOGY News **

Stem cell-derived pancreatic cells under the skin replace insulin
http://mnt.to/l/4mnq
Sanford-Burnham
Medical Research Institute (Sanford-Burnham) and UC San Diego School of Medicine scientists have shown that by encapsulating immature pancreatic cells derived from human...

Women with PCOS may suffer psychiatric complications, menstrual irregularity
http://mnt.to/l/4mnd
Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS), a hormone imbalance that causes infertility, obesity, and excessive facial hair in women, can also lead to severe mental health issues including anxiety...

----------------------------------------------
** EYE HEALTH / BLINDNESS News **

American Academy of Ophthalmology announces official launch of IRIS Registry
http://mnt.to/l/4mpq
The American Academy of Ophthalmology today announced the official launch of the IRIS™ Registry, or Intelligent Research in Sight, the nation's first comprehensive eye disease and...

Regenerative medicine a step closer as new method yields potent, renewable human stem cells
http://mnt.to/l/4mnx
The curative and therapeutic potential of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) offers much promise, as these multipotent cells are currently being tested in more than 300 clinical trials in a range of...

----------------------------------------------
** FERTILITY News **

Fertility experts in pioneering 'mediterranean diet' IVF study
http://mnt.to/l/4mp8
Fertility experts in Southampton are trialling the use of omega-3 fish oil and vitamin D to improve outcomes after in vitro fertilisation (IVF).

----------------------------------------------
** GASTROINTESTINAL / GASTROENTEROLOGY News **

First framework published for colonoscopy for colorectal cancer screening bundle
http://mnt.to/l/4mmX
Patients want physicians to provide high-quality care and the health system requires good value for physician work.

----------------------------------------------
** GENETICS News **

Newborn screening: should whole genome sequencing be introduced?
http://mnt.to/l/4mpy
Whole genome sequencing is becoming more popular. But should it become a part of newborn screening programs? McGill University researchers say it should be considered carefully.

Genetics can explain why infections trigger onset of different types of rheumatoid arthritis
http://mnt.to/l/4mpt
A new international study has revealed how genetics could explain why different environmental exposures can trigger the onset of different forms of rheumatoid arthritis.

Research produces strong evidence for a new class of antidepressant drugs
http://mnt.to/l/4mpp
Scientists have shown for the first time that a chemical in the brain called galanin is involved in the risk of developing depression.

Where do you start when developing a new medicine? Novel scientific collaboration to use genomics and big data to drive drug discovery
http://mnt.to/l/4mnV
A pioneering public-private research initiative between GSK, the European Bioinformatics Institute (EMBL-EBI) and the Wellcome Trust Sanger Institute is to harness the power of 'big data' and...

Test offers potential to predict whether a child will become obese
http://mnt.to/l/4mnD
Scientists have found that a simple blood test, which can read DNA, could be used to predict obesity levels in children.

New MIT technique could help decipher genes' roles in learning and memory
http://mnt.to/l/4mnB
Doctors commonly use magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) to diagnose tumors, damage from stroke, and many other medical conditions.

Researchers produce first comprehensive atlas of human genes
http://mnt.to/l/4mng
An international collaboration between scientists yields the first detailed atlas of how genes work within cells and tissues of the body, aiding better understanding of disease.

DNA therapy used in lab mice to improve cochlear implant functionality
http://mnt.to/l/4mn4
One in a thousand children in the United States is deaf, and one in three adults will experience significant hearing loss after the age of 65.

State-of-the-state on genetic-based testing and treatment for breast cancer issued by researchers
http://mnt.to/l/4mmW
Dartmouth researchers at its Norris Cotton Cancer Center have compiled a review of the role that information gathered through genetic testing plays in the diagnosis and treatment of breast...

Faster genetic testing method will likely transform care for many patients with breast cancer
http://mnt.to/l/4mkz
Faster and cheaper DNA sequencing techniques will likely improve care for patients with breast cancer but also create challenges for clinicians as they counsel patients on their treatment...

Genetic variation linked to heart disease risk through RNA machinery
http://mnt.to/l/4mkn
Researchers have pinpointed a new mechanism of how natural variation in our DNA alters an individual's risk for developing heart disease by interfering with the ability of a developmental gene...

----------------------------------------------
** HEALTH INSURANCE / MEDICAL INSURANCE News **

Financial decline due to breast cancer treatment reported by twenty-five percent of survivors
http://mnt.to/l/4mnF
Four years after being treated for breast cancer, a quarter of survivors say they are worse off financially, at least partly because of their treatment, according to a new study led by...

----------------------------------------------
** HEARING / DEAFNESS News **

DNA therapy used in lab mice to improve cochlear implant functionality
http://mnt.to/l/4mn4
One in a thousand children in the United States is deaf, and one in three adults will experience significant hearing loss after the age of 65.

----------------------------------------------
** HEART DISEASE News **

Genetic variation linked to heart disease risk through RNA machinery
http://mnt.to/l/4mkn
Researchers have pinpointed a new mechanism of how natural variation in our DNA alters an individual's risk for developing heart disease by interfering with the ability of a developmental gene...

----------------------------------------------
** HYPERTENSION News **

The 'white coat effect' - doctors raise blood pressure in patients
http://mnt.to/l/4mnM
Doctors routinely record blood pressure levels that are significantly higher than levels recorded by nurses, the first thorough analysis of scientific data has revealed.

----------------------------------------------
** IMMUNE SYSTEM / VACCINES News **

Significant polio milestone: 11 countries officially polio-free
http://mnt.to/l/4mps
The Global Polio Eradication Initiative (GPEI) today congratulates the countries in the South-East Asia Region of the World Health Organization (WHO) on being certified polio-free, a historic...

Researchers say gold-based drug shows promise for fighting bone cancer in people and pets
http://mnt.to/l/4mpn
A gold-based drug currently used in human and veterinary medicine to manage certain immune diseases may prove useful in combating osteosarcoma, a devastating bone cancer that affects both dogs...

----------------------------------------------
** INFECTIOUS DISEASES / BACTERIA / VIRUSES News **

Significant polio milestone: 11 countries officially polio-free
http://mnt.to/l/4mps
The Global Polio Eradication Initiative (GPEI) today congratulates the countries in the South-East Asia Region of the World Health Organization (WHO) on being certified polio-free, a historic...

Increase seen in number of patients admitted with antibiotic-resistant infections
http://mnt.to/l/4mnQ
The emergence of community-acquired infections, such as urinary tract infections (UTI), due to strains resistant to common antibiotics are on the rise, according to Rhode Island Hospital...

Mouse study may lead to a way to end recurrent urinary tract infections
http://mnt.to/l/4mnP
Millions of people worldwide - mostly women - suffer from recurrent urinary tract infections (UTIs) that seriously degrade their health and quality of life.

Experts in London suggest that penicillin prescriptions risk under-dosing children
http://mnt.to/l/4mnL
Millions of children in the UK are potentially receiving penicillin prescriptions below the recommended dose for common infections, according to new research led jointly by researchers at King's...

New design could reduce threat of infection from millions of urinary catheters
http://mnt.to/l/4mns
For the millions of people forced to rely on a plastic tube to eliminate their urine, developing an infection is nearly a 100 percent guarantee after just four weeks.

The effects of an antimicrobial peptide on bacterial cells decoded
http://mnt.to/l/4mnf
Small peptides attack bacteria in many different ways and may well become a new generation of antibiotics.

Key role played by protein in infection by oral pathogen
http://mnt.to/l/4mn7
Scientists at Forsyth, along with a colleague from Northwestern University, have discovered that the protein, Transgultaminase 2 (TG2), is a key component in the process of gum disease.

A world's first: light-activated antimicrobial surface developed that also works in the dark
http://mnt.to/l/4mmZ
Researchers at UCL have developed a new antibacterial material which has potential for cutting hospital acquired infections.

----------------------------------------------
** IT / INTERNET / E-MAIL News **

Smartphone app helps support recovery after treatment for alcoholism
http://mnt.to/l/4mp9
A smartphone application appears to help patients with alcohol use disorder (AUD) reduce risky drinking days compared to patients who received usual care after leaving treatment in a residential...

Prescribing errors reduced by electronic medication alerts designed with provider in mind
http://mnt.to/l/4mnR
Changing how medication alerts are presented in electronic medical records resulted in safer prescribing, increased efficiency and reduced workload for health care providers who placed drug...

New mathematical model uses gene expression data to predict where neurons are located throughout the brain
http://mnt.to/l/4mnH
Throughout the world, there are many different types of people, and their identity can tell a lot about where they live.

----------------------------------------------
** LUPUS News **

Regenerative medicine a step closer as new method yields potent, renewable human stem cells
http://mnt.to/l/4mnx
The curative and therapeutic potential of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) offers much promise, as these multipotent cells are currently being tested in more than 300 clinical trials in a range of...

----------------------------------------------
** MEDICAL DEVICES / DIAGNOSTICS News **

Alzheimer's puzzle piece found using giant X-ray facilities
http://mnt.to/l/4mqf
Using giant X-ray centers called synchrotrons, researchers have discovered how a peptide converts iron into its toxic form, which could be causing brain cell damage.

MRI helps diagnose prostate cancer more accurately
http://mnt.to/l/4mpC
World-first
study shows biopsy guided by MRI provides a more accurate way to diagnose life-threatening prostate cancer while reducing over-diagnosis of non-life-threatening cases.

Newborn screening: should whole genome sequencing be introduced?
http://mnt.to/l/4mpy
Whole genome sequencing is becoming more popular. But should it become a part of newborn screening programs? McGill University researchers say it should be considered carefully.

Method can replace live animals in skin allergy tests according to validation study
http://mnt.to/l/4mnN
Guinea pigs and mice can be replaced with a non-animal skin sensitization method that uses a human-derived skin model, according to a study presented by the PETA International Science...

Drugs' influence on blood clotting measured by microfluidic device with artificial arteries
http://mnt.to/l/4mnG
A new microfluidic method for evaluating drugs commonly used for preventing heart attacks has found that while aspirin can prevent dangerous blood clots in some at-risk patients, it may not be...

New design could reduce threat of infection from millions of urinary catheters
http://mnt.to/l/4mns
For the millions of people forced to rely on a plastic tube to eliminate their urine, developing an infection is nearly a 100 percent guarantee after just four weeks.

DNA therapy used in lab mice to improve cochlear implant functionality
http://mnt.to/l/4mn4
One in a thousand children in the United States is deaf, and one in three adults will experience significant hearing loss after the age of 65.

Cancer treatments that employ hot nanoparticles
http://mnt.to/l/4mn2
Nanoparticles have a great deal of potential in medicine: for diagnostics, as a vehicle for active substances or a tool to kill off tumours using heat.

Faster genetic testing method will likely transform care for many patients with breast cancer
http://mnt.to/l/4mkz
Faster and cheaper DNA sequencing techniques will likely improve care for patients with breast cancer but also create challenges for clinicians as they counsel patients on their treatment...

----------------------------------------------
** MEDICAL STUDENTS / TRAINING News **

First framework published for colonoscopy for colorectal cancer screening bundle
http://mnt.to/l/4mmX
Patients want physicians to provide high-quality care and the health system requires good value for physician work.

----------------------------------------------
** MEN'S HEALTH News **

Being sexually coerced not an uncommon experience for young men, teenage boys
http://mnt.to/l/4mnz
A large proportion of teenage boys and college men report having been coerced into sex or sexual behavior, according to research published by the American Psychological Association.

----------------------------------------------
** MENTAL HEALTH News **

Women with PCOS may suffer psychiatric complications, menstrual irregularity
http://mnt.to/l/4mnd
Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS), a hormone imbalance that causes infertility, obesity, and excessive facial hair in women, can also lead to severe mental health issues including anxiety...

----------------------------------------------
** MRI / PET / ULTRASOUND News **

MRI helps diagnose prostate cancer more accurately
http://mnt.to/l/4mpC
World-first
study shows biopsy guided by MRI provides a more accurate way to diagnose life-threatening prostate cancer while reducing over-diagnosis of non-life-threatening cases.

New MIT technique could help decipher genes' roles in learning and memory
http://mnt.to/l/4mnB
Doctors commonly use magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) to diagnose tumors, damage from stroke, and many other medical conditions.

----------------------------------------------
** MRSA / DRUG RESISTANCE News **

Increase seen in number of patients admitted with antibiotic-resistant infections
http://mnt.to/l/4mnQ
The emergence of community-acquired infections, such as urinary tract infections (UTI), due to strains resistant to common antibiotics are on the rise, according to Rhode Island Hospital...

----------------------------------------------
** NEUROLOGY / NEUROSCIENCE News **

Prosthetic limbs: should they be more advanced by now?
http://mnt.to/l/4mqF
For many amputees, prosthetic limbs help improve quality of life. But given advances in technology, should touch-sensitive and thought-controlled prosthetics already be available?

Alzheimer's puzzle piece found using giant X-ray facilities
http://mnt.to/l/4mqf
Using giant X-ray centers called synchrotrons, researchers have discovered how a peptide converts iron into its toxic form, which could be causing brain cell damage.

Autism begins in the womb, according to a new study
http://mnt.to/l/4mqd
Two new studies on the origins of autism debate the influence of environmental pollutants and brain defects occurring in the womb.

Research produces strong evidence for a new class of antidepressant drugs
http://mnt.to/l/4mpp
Scientists have shown for the first time that a chemical in the brain called galanin is involved in the risk of developing depression.

How the brain infers structure, rules when learning could impact the study of learning disabilities
http://mnt.to/l/4mnJ
In life, many tasks have a context that dictates the right actions, so when people learn to do something new, they'll often infer cues of context and rules.

New mathematical model uses gene expression data to predict where neurons are located throughout the brain
http://mnt.to/l/4mnH
Throughout the world, there are many different types of people, and their identity can tell a lot about where they live.

New MIT technique could help decipher genes' roles in learning and memory
http://mnt.to/l/4mnB
Doctors commonly use magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) to diagnose tumors, damage from stroke, and many other medical conditions.

In Alzheimer's disease, lipid rafts participate in the renewal of brain neurons
http://mnt.to/l/4mnn
Research over decades has implicated aberrant autophagy and lysosomal function as reliable markers and therapeutic targets for neurodegenerative diseases.

How to attenuate brain injury due to Alzheimer's disease
http://mnt.to/l/4mnm
Transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-β) type II receptor (TβRII) levels are extremely low in the brain tissue of patients with Alzheimer's disease.

Hope for more effective rehabilitation of patients with vestibular or cerebellar dysfunction
http://mnt.to/l/4mmT
Neurologists at LMU have studied the role of the vestibular system, which controls balance, in optimizing how we direct our gaze.

----------------------------------------------
** NUTRITION / DIET News **

Economic growth does not guarantee reduction in undernutrition, study finds
http://mnt.to/l/4mpz
A study published in The Lancet Global Health finds that increases in the GDP of developing countries are not linked to reduction of undernutrition in poor children.

Fertility experts in pioneering 'mediterranean diet' IVF study
http://mnt.to/l/4mp8
Fertility experts in Southampton are trialling the use of omega-3 fish oil and vitamin D to improve outcomes after in vitro fertilisation (IVF).

Less children found to be at risk of low vitamin D levels
http://mnt.to/l/4mny
Under new guidelines from the Institute of Medicine, the estimated number of children who are at risk of having insufficient or deficient levels of vitamin D is drastically reduced from previous...

Economic growth has little impact on reducing undernutrition in children
http://mnt.to/l/4mkF
A large study of child growth patterns in 36 developing countries published in The Lancet Global Health journal has found that, contrary to widely held beliefs, economic growth is at best...

----------------------------------------------
** OBESITY / WEIGHT LOSS / FITNESS News **

Being overweight may benefit older people
http://mnt.to/l/4mpB
New study questions whether the current WHO guidelines about healthy weight should apply to older people after it found being overweight was linked to longer life in the over-65s.

Response of unborn children to glucose associated with mother's insulin sensitivity
http://mnt.to/l/4mnK
A study published in Diabetologia (the journal of the European Association for the Study of Diabetes) is the first to provide direct evidence that fetal brain response to a dose of sugar given...

Test offers potential to predict whether a child will become obese
http://mnt.to/l/4mnD
Scientists have found that a simple blood test, which can read DNA, could be used to predict obesity levels in children.

Less children found to be at risk of low vitamin D levels
http://mnt.to/l/4mny
Under new guidelines from the Institute of Medicine, the estimated number of children who are at risk of having insufficient or deficient levels of vitamin D is drastically reduced from previous...

Moms' still overweight at 1 year postpartum at increased risk for diabetes, heart problems
http://mnt.to/l/4mnk
'Watch out for weight gain within a year of giving birth to prevent new risk of diabetes and cardiovascular disease.

----------------------------------------------
** PALLIATIVE CARE / HOSPICE CARE News **

Stroke patients should receive customized palliative care
http://mnt.to/l/4mmy
People recovering from a stroke should have a well-coordinated medical team to personalize care, optimize quality of life and minimize suffering, according to a scientific statement published in...

----------------------------------------------
** PEDIATRICS / CHILDREN'S HEALTH News **

Newborn screening: should whole genome sequencing be introduced?
http://mnt.to/l/4mpy
Whole genome sequencing is becoming more popular. But should it become a part of newborn screening programs? McGill University researchers say it should be considered carefully.

Experts in London suggest that penicillin prescriptions risk under-dosing children
http://mnt.to/l/4mnL
Millions of children in the UK are potentially receiving penicillin prescriptions below the recommended dose for common infections, according to new research led jointly by researchers at King's...

Test offers potential to predict whether a child will become obese
http://mnt.to/l/4mnD
Scientists have found that a simple blood test, which can read DNA, could be used to predict obesity levels in children.

Children suffer impaired learning of the natural world when exposed to books which have animals with human traits
http://mnt.to/l/4mnC
A new study by University of Toronto researchers has found that kids' books featuring animals with human characteristics not only lead to less factual learning but also influence children's...

Being sexually coerced not an uncommon experience for young men, teenage boys
http://mnt.to/l/4mnz
A large proportion of teenage boys and college men report having been coerced into sex or sexual behavior, according to research published by the American Psychological Association.

Less children found to be at risk of low vitamin D levels
http://mnt.to/l/4mny
Under new guidelines from the Institute of Medicine, the estimated number of children who are at risk of having insufficient or deficient levels of vitamin D is drastically reduced from previous...

Economic growth has little impact on reducing undernutrition in children
http://mnt.to/l/4mkF
A large study of child growth patterns in 36 developing countries published in The Lancet Global Health journal has found that, contrary to widely held beliefs, economic growth is at best...

----------------------------------------------
** PHARMA INDUSTRY / BIOTECH INDUSTRY News **

Where do you start when developing a new medicine? Novel scientific collaboration to use genomics and big data to drive drug discovery
http://mnt.to/l/4mnV
A pioneering public-private research initiative between GSK, the European Bioinformatics Institute (EMBL-EBI) and the Wellcome Trust Sanger Institute is to harness the power of 'big data' and...

----------------------------------------------
** PHARMACY / PHARMACIST News **

Prescribing errors reduced by electronic medication alerts designed with provider in mind
http://mnt.to/l/4mnR
Changing how medication alerts are presented in electronic medical records resulted in safer prescribing, increased efficiency and reduced workload for health care providers who placed drug...

----------------------------------------------
** PREGNANCY / OBSTETRICS News **

Autism begins in the womb, according to a new study
http://mnt.to/l/4mqd
Two new studies on the origins of autism debate the influence of environmental pollutants and brain defects occurring in the womb.

Response of unborn children to glucose associated with mother's insulin sensitivity
http://mnt.to/l/4mnK
A study published in Diabetologia (the journal of the European Association for the Study of Diabetes) is the first to provide direct evidence that fetal brain response to a dose of sugar given...

Moms' still overweight at 1 year postpartum at increased risk for diabetes, heart problems
http://mnt.to/l/4mnk
'Watch out for weight gain within a year of giving birth to prevent new risk of diabetes and cardiovascular disease.

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** PRIMARY CARE / GENERAL PRACTICE News **

Prescribing errors reduced by electronic medication alerts designed with provider in mind
http://mnt.to/l/4mnR
Changing how medication alerts are presented in electronic medical records resulted in safer prescribing, increased efficiency and reduced workload for health care providers who placed drug...

The 'white coat effect' - doctors raise blood pressure in patients
http://mnt.to/l/4mnM
Doctors routinely record blood pressure levels that are significantly higher than levels recorded by nurses, the first thorough analysis of scientific data has revealed.

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** PROSTATE / PROSTATE CANCER News **

MRI helps diagnose prostate cancer more accurately
http://mnt.to/l/4mpC
World-first
study shows biopsy guided by MRI provides a more accurate way to diagnose life-threatening prostate cancer while reducing over-diagnosis of non-life-threatening cases.

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** PSYCHOLOGY / PSYCHIATRY News **

Smartphone app helps support recovery after treatment for alcoholism
http://mnt.to/l/4mp9
A smartphone application appears to help patients with alcohol use disorder (AUD) reduce risky drinking days compared to patients who received usual care after leaving treatment in a residential...

How the brain infers structure, rules when learning could impact the study of learning disabilities
http://mnt.to/l/4mnJ
In life, many tasks have a context that dictates the right actions, so when people learn to do something new, they'll often infer cues of context and rules.

New mathematical model uses gene expression data to predict where neurons are located throughout the brain
http://mnt.to/l/4mnH
Throughout the world, there are many different types of people, and their identity can tell a lot about where they live.

Children suffer impaired learning of the natural world when exposed to books which have animals with human traits
http://mnt.to/l/4mnC
A new study by University of Toronto researchers has found that kids' books featuring animals with human characteristics not only lead to less factual learning but also influence children's...

Being sexually coerced not an uncommon experience for young men, teenage boys
http://mnt.to/l/4mnz
A large proportion of teenage boys and college men report having been coerced into sex or sexual behavior, according to research published by the American Psychological Association.

Virtual reality-based therapy helps veterans overcome posttraumatic stress disorder
http://mnt.to/l/4mnv
Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is common among military veterans and together with the often-related anxiety, depression, and psychological and emotional impairment can dramatically affect...

Mentally stimulating and demanding occupations may keep your mind sharp long after retirement
http://mnt.to/l/4mn8
A mentally demanding job may stress you out today but can provide important benefits after you retire, according to a new study.

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** PUBLIC HEALTH News **

Economic growth does not guarantee reduction in undernutrition, study finds
http://mnt.to/l/4mpz
A study published in The Lancet Global Health finds that increases in the GDP of developing countries are not linked to reduction of undernutrition in poor children.

Significant polio milestone: 11 countries officially polio-free
http://mnt.to/l/4mps
The Global Polio Eradication Initiative (GPEI) today congratulates the countries in the South-East Asia Region of the World Health Organization (WHO) on being certified polio-free, a historic...

NHS data on patient experience is often ignored
http://mnt.to/l/4mpc
The NHS has been collecting data on patients' experience of care for over 10 years but the information is often ignored. On bmj.

BMJ investigation finds public health funds being raided to fill holes in local authority budgets
http://mnt.to/l/4mpb
Ring-fenced
funds to promote public health are being diverted to wider council services such as social care and housing to plug gaps caused by government cuts, finds a BMJ investigation.

Financial decline due to breast cancer treatment reported by twenty-five percent of survivors
http://mnt.to/l/4mnF
Four years after being treated for breast cancer, a quarter of survivors say they are worse off financially, at least partly because of their treatment, according to a new study led by...

A world's first: light-activated antimicrobial surface developed that also works in the dark
http://mnt.to/l/4mmZ
Researchers at UCL have developed a new antibacterial material which has potential for cutting hospital acquired infections.

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** REGULATORY AFFAIRS / DRUG APPROVALS News **

NICE rejects life-extending bowel cancer drug two weeks after Scottish approval
http://mnt.to/l/4mp5
NICE announced on 25 March 2014 that it is not recommending ZALTRAP® (aflibercept) to the NHS in England and Wales for the treatment of advanced, metastatic colorectal cancer (mCRC).

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** REHABILITATION / PHYSICAL THERAPY News **

Prosthetic limbs: should they be more advanced by now?
http://mnt.to/l/4mqF
For many amputees, prosthetic limbs help improve quality of life. But given advances in technology, should touch-sensitive and thought-controlled prosthetics already be available?

Complex brain functional network connection after stroke
http://mnt.to/l/4mnp
Studies have shown that functional network connection models can be used to study brain network changes in patients with schizophrenia.

Hope for more effective rehabilitation of patients with vestibular or cerebellar dysfunction
http://mnt.to/l/4mmT
Neurologists at LMU have studied the role of the vestibular system, which controls balance, in optimizing how we direct our gaze.

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** SCHIZOPHRENIA News **

Complex brain functional network connection after stroke
http://mnt.to/l/4mnp
Studies have shown that functional network connection models can be used to study brain network changes in patients with schizophrenia.

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** SENIORS / AGING News **

Being overweight may benefit older people
http://mnt.to/l/4mpB
New study questions whether the current WHO guidelines about healthy weight should apply to older people after it found being overweight was linked to longer life in the over-65s.

Mentally stimulating and demanding occupations may keep your mind sharp long after retirement
http://mnt.to/l/4mn8
A mentally demanding job may stress you out today but can provide important benefits after you retire, according to a new study.

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** STEM CELL RESEARCH News **

Regenerative medicine a step closer as new method yields potent, renewable human stem cells
http://mnt.to/l/4mnx
The curative and therapeutic potential of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) offers much promise, as these multipotent cells are currently being tested in more than 300 clinical trials in a range of...

Stem cell-derived pancreatic cells under the skin replace insulin
http://mnt.to/l/4mnq
Sanford-Burnham
Medical Research Institute (Sanford-Burnham) and UC San Diego School of Medicine scientists have shown that by encapsulating immature pancreatic cells derived from human...

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** STROKE News **

Complex brain functional network connection after stroke
http://mnt.to/l/4mnp
Studies have shown that functional network connection models can be used to study brain network changes in patients with schizophrenia.

Stroke patients should receive customized palliative care
http://mnt.to/l/4mmy
People recovering from a stroke should have a well-coordinated medical team to personalize care, optimize quality of life and minimize suffering, according to a scientific statement published in...

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** UROLOGY / NEPHROLOGY News **

Increase seen in number of patients admitted with antibiotic-resistant infections
http://mnt.to/l/4mnQ
The emergence of community-acquired infections, such as urinary tract infections (UTI), due to strains resistant to common antibiotics are on the rise, according to Rhode Island Hospital...

Mouse study may lead to a way to end recurrent urinary tract infections
http://mnt.to/l/4mnP
Millions of people worldwide - mostly women - suffer from recurrent urinary tract infections (UTIs) that seriously degrade their health and quality of life.

New design could reduce threat of infection from millions of urinary catheters
http://mnt.to/l/4mns
For the millions of people forced to rely on a plastic tube to eliminate their urine, developing an infection is nearly a 100 percent guarantee after just four weeks.

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** VETERANS / EX-SERVICEMEN News **

Virtual reality-based therapy helps veterans overcome posttraumatic stress disorder
http://mnt.to/l/4mnv
Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is common among military veterans and together with the often-related anxiety, depression, and psychological and emotional impairment can dramatically affect...

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** WOMEN'S HEALTH / GYNECOLOGY News **

Mouse study may lead to a way to end recurrent urinary tract infections
http://mnt.to/l/4mnP
Millions of people worldwide - mostly women - suffer from recurrent urinary tract infections (UTIs) that seriously degrade their health and quality of life.

Women with PCOS may suffer psychiatric complications, menstrual irregularity
http://mnt.to/l/4mnd
Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS), a hormone imbalance that causes infertility, obesity, and excessive facial hair in women, can also lead to severe mental health issues including anxiety...

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