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Innovative Technique Provides Inexpensive, Rapid and Detailed Analysis of Proteins

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Extensive research has highlighted that proteins are vital participants in virtually all life processes, catalysis of chemical reactions and defense against infection. For these reasons, proteins can provide critical signposts of health and disease, provided they can be identified and assessed in a clinical setting. Accurately characterizing proteins for diagnostic and therapeutic purposes has been an enormous challenge for the medical community. At ...

JC Virus Infection Linked to Natalizumab Treatment in Patients With MS

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New research indicates that treatment with natalizumab in patients with multiple sclerosis (MS) appears to be linked with JC virus (JCV) infection. The latter can lead to a rare and often fatal demyelinating disease of the central nervous system called progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy (PML) that destroys the myelin that protects nerve cells. The movement of cells with JC virus into the blood stream may provide researchers with a possible reason why patients ...

Some MS Symptoms may be Eased by Medical Marijuana in Pill Form or Oral Spray, Says Guideline

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There is little evidence that most complementary or alternative medicine therapies (CAM) treat the symptoms of multiple sclerosis (MS), a new guideline from the American Academy of Neurology suggests. However, the guideline states the CAM therapies oral cannabis, or medical marijuana pills, and oral medical marijuana spray may ease patients' reported symptoms of spasticity, pain related to spasticity and frequent urination in multiple sclerosis (MS). The guideline, ...

Crude Oil Linked to Developmental Abnormalities in Marine Fishes

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A new study by a team of NOAA and academic scientists reveals abnormalities developing in hearts of bluefin and yellowfin tunas because of the crude oil from 2010 Deepwater Horizon disaster. The findings, published in the iProceedings of the National Academy of Sciences/i on the 25th anniversary of the Exxon Valdez oil spill, show how the largest marine oil spill in United States history may have affected tunas and other species that spawned in oiled offshore ...

Protein Plays a Major Role in Infection by Oral Pathogens

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The protein, Transgultaminase 2 (TG2) is a key component in process of gum disease as discovered by a team of scientists. The scientists found that blocking some associations of TG2 prevents the bacteria emPorphyromonas gingivalis/em (PG) from adhering to cells. This insight may one day help lead to novel therapies to prevent gum disease caused by PG. Periodontal, or gum, disease is one of the most common infectious diseases. In its more severe forms, such ...

Blindness and Partial Sight Rates Fall Down

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Surveys reveal that over the past two decades in the developed world, the rates of blindness and impaired eyesight have plummeted.. But macular degeneration has replaced cataract as the leading cause of blindness in rich countries, reveals an analysis of the available evidence published online in the iBritish Journal of Ophthalmology/i. The researchers trawled through the available evidence from 1980 to 2012 on the prevalence and causes of blindness and partial ...

Video Games may Cause Aggressive Behavior in Kids

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A study of more than 3,000 schoolchildren in Singapore suggests that youths who play video games are more likely to think and act in aggressive ways. The research, published in JAMA Pediatrics, a journal of the American Medical Association, was based on more than 3,034 children who were studied over the course of three years. Frequent use of video games was linked to higher rates of aggressive behaviors and thoughts, according to self-reported answers ...

Less Sleep Could Trigger Obesity

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Less sleep could trigger more eating, which could in turn lead to obesity and other conditions, a new research found. The study found that 16 month-old children who slept for less than 10 hours each day consumed on average 105kcal more per day than children who slept for more than 13 hours. This is an increase of around 10% from 982kcal to 1087kcal. Associations between eating, weight and sleep have been reported previously in older children and adults, ...

FAT10 Gene Deletion Slows Down Ageing, Reduces Body Fat

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Crucial role is being played by a single gene in coordinating the immune system and metabolism and deleting the gene in mice could reduce body fat and extend lifespan. Their results are reported online today in the emProceedings of the National Academy of Sciences/em. Based on gene expression studies of fat tissue conducted at the USDA HNRCA, the Tufts University researchers initiated studies of the role of FAT10 in adipose tissue and metabolism. "No one really ...

Bone Contains Shock-Absorbing 'Goo'!

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A viscous fluid containing chemical citrate- a by product of natural cell metabolism and mixed with water is trapped between the nano-scale crystals as per research.. This fluid allows enough movement, or 'slip', between these crystals so that bones are flexible, and don't shatter under pressure. It is the inbuilt shock absorber in bone that, until now, was unknown. If citrate leaks out, the crystals - made of calcium phosphate - fuse together into bigger ...

Steps Initiated to Contain Ebola Virus in Guinea

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Nearly two-thirds of the Ebola infected people so far have died plagued with one of the deadliest known virus to man. The tropical virus can fell its victims within days, causing severe fever and muscle pain, weakness, vomiting and diarrhoea -- in some cases shutting down organs and causing unstoppable bleeding. Of around 1,850 people diagnosed with Ebola haemorrhagic fever since the virus was first identified 38 years ago in the Democratic Republic of ...

Ebola Claims the Lives of Five in Liberia

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As neighboring Guinea battled an outbreak of virus which killed dozens, five patients in Liberia have died of suspected Ebola fever, the government said Monday.. "As of this morning six cases have been reported of which five have already died -- four female adults and one male child. One of the suspected cases, a female child, is under treatment," Health Minister Walter Gwenigale said in a statement. The cases came from Guinea for treatment to hospitals ...

Quiz on Lupus

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Lupus is a chronic condition that has varied manifestations. Test your knowledge on lupus by taking this quiz.

US Mudslide Death Toll Hits 14

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At least 14 people have reportedly died and 176 missing in deadly mudslide in Snohomish County about 55 miles north of Seattle in Washington. According to the Huffington Post, Snohomish County Emergency Management Director John Pennington said that officials were still working off a potential list of 176 people. However, Pennington stressed that the authorities believe that the list includes many duplicate names. Officials have said that ...

If Moms are Physically-Inactive, Kids Turn into Couch Potatoes

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If a kid is turning out to be a couch potato when it should be playing all around, the reason may well be that the physical activity levels of the mother is also low, shows research. Young children are not 'just naturally active' and that parents have an important role to play in the development of healthy activity habits early on in life. "We saw a direct, positive association between physical activity in children and their mothers - the more activity ...

Longer Life for Women With Gynecologic Cancers Treated at High-volume Medical Centers

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Significantly longer life was found among women with ovarian and other gynecologic cancers when they receive care at hospitals that treat a large number of patients with the cancer, as found in a research on more than 850,000 women. The findings, based on information from the nation''s largest cancer database, are being presented at the Society of Gynecologic Oncology (SGO) Annual Meeting on Women''s Cancer in Tampa, Fla., March 22-25. Women with cervical, ...

Racist Feeling in White Gamers on Playing as Black Avatars

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The white players of video games seem to get a little racist after playing as black avatars in violent game, found in a new research. A new study suggests that it makes the white players act more aggressively after the game is over, have stronger explicit negative attitudes toward blacks and display stronger implicit attitudes linking blacks to weapons. These results are the first to link avatar race in violent video games to later aggression, Brad Bushman, ...

First Postgraduate Course in Winemaking

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A University in Southern England is offering a postgraduate course in viticulture and oenology. The University of Brighton is offering budding vintners the chance to study for an MSc from September, and hopes to compete with similar courses in France and the United States. "This postgraduate program is the first created in the UK," said Chris Foss, head of the Wine Department at Plumpton College -- the University of Brighton affiliate hosting the course. At ...

Earth first breathed about 3 billion years ago!

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Photosynthesis, the process used by plants and other organisms to convert energy from light to chemical energy, maintains oxygen levels in the atmosphere that is necessary for life on earth. Cyanobacteria, the blue-green algae, that evolved photosynthesis were thought to have appeared 2.5 billion years ago when the 'Great Oxidation Event' (a spike in oxygen levels) happened. But a new research suggests that first photosynthetic organisms lived on earth ...

Electrical "Thinking Caps" to Enhance Learning, Coming Soon

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Gone are the days of coffee-dependent cram sessions, a mild electrical current to the brain can now help to improve learning, says a study. Caffeine-fuelled cram sessions are routine occurrences on any college campus. But what if there was a better, safer way to learn new or difficult material more quickly? What if "thinking caps" were real? In a new study published in the Journal of Neuroscience, University of Vanderbilt psychologist Robert Reinhart, ...

Creating Mugshots Using Only DNA With New Technology

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A new technology that can map facial structures using racial, gender and genetic markers using DNA, has been developed by scientists. The researchers at Penn State and the Catholic University of Leuven captured a 3D image of 600 volunteers and created a mesh of 7000 points that were used to precisely measure how genes attached to ancestry and gender affect the face's structural makeup, New Scientist reported. Geneticist Mark Shriver is already using ...

Dementia can be Overcome With a Healthy and Active Lifestyle

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Risk of Alzheimer's disease can be cut down by a good diet, taking exercise, limiting alcohol intake and not smoking, say researchers. Professor John Gallacher, from the Institute of Primary Care and Health at Cardiff University, told Daily Express that unhealthy lifestyles of Britons directly contribute to the increase in dementia rates currently undergoing in the country. He said that all the evidence showed that there is a significant impact of lifestyle ...

Blind UK Couple Tie the Knot After Their Guide Dogs Fall in Love

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A blind couple tied the knot in Hanford, Stroke-On-Trent, when they were brought together by their love-struck pair of guide dogs. Claire Johnson and Mark Gaffey, both in their 50's, first met during a two-week guide dog training course, the Independent reported. Venice, Johnson's Labrador-Retriever, fell in love with fellow service dog Rodd, and the canines quickly becoming inseparable. Claire and Mark soon became romantically involved themselves ...

Traffic Deaths by Alcohol Vastly Underreported: Study

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Drinking and driving is well-known to be a deadly mix. But traffic deaths in U.S, related to alcohol may be substantially underreported on death certificates, says a study in the March issue of the iJournal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs/i.Between 1999 and 2009, more than 450,000 Americans were killed in a traffic crashes. But in cases where alcohol was involved, death certificates frequently failed to list alcohol as a cause of death. Why does that matter? ...

Tea Rounds in Office may Soon be History

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A new survey suggests that the traditional tea round in office is in danger of becoming a thing of the past as offices are becoming busier than ever. Although office workers drink about five cups of tea or coffee a day, they tend to drink it alone, Daily Express reported. Office managers are the worst offenders, with nearly half of staff saying their boss never makes them a cup of coffee. But 33 per cent office workers are just as bad, and ...

Vietnam's Female Rap Stars "Breaking Bad"

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In a land of simpering karaoke stars, Vietnam's first female rappers, the foul-mouthed queens of the lyrical underground, are battling government censorship and rampant piracy to spit flow and make dough. Hip-hop is a new import to the communist country of some 90 million, where society is still dominated by conservative values. Young women producing profanity-laced rap about partying and getting high raises eyebrows. But having shot to fame at 14 as ...

Is Learning Math Difficult for Your Preterm Child?

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Your child is struggling with some basic Math homework and you're probably blaming it on a granddad or a great-grand mom who passed on the bad-at-Math gene to the kid! It could be that your preterm child is otherwise healthy but, poor in Math skills! New research shows that preterm children face a greater risk of general cognitive and a href="http:www.medindia.net/news/electrical-stimulation-in-brain-could-help-boost-mental-math-abilities-119174-1.htm" target="_blank" ...

Ability to Get Pregnant Affected by Stress: Study

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As part of the Longitudinal Investigation of Fertility and the Environment Study, researchers tracked 501 American women ages 18 to 40 years who were free from known fertility problems and had just started trying to conceive and followed them for 12 months or until they became pregnant. Saliva samples were collected from participants the morning following enrollment and again the morning following the first day of their first study-observed menstrual cycle. Specimens were ...

Cholesterol-lowering Drugs Could Ease Coughing in Lung Disease Patients

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Statins could provide relief to patients suffering from chronic lung disease, says study. The drugs - known as statins - were found to help alleviate the chronic coughing associated with the disease for some patients. Statins are commonly prescribed for people at risk of heart attack because they can reduce cholesterol levels, but scientists are increasingly finding that they also have anti-inflammatory effects. Researchers at the ...

Back Pain Biggest Global Source of Disability, Reports Journal

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A specialist journal reports that lower back pain causes more disability around the world than any other single condition. Nearly a tenth -- 9.4 percent -- of the world's population has lower back pain, with the prevalence highest in Western Europe, followed by North Africa and the Middle East, and the lowest in the Caribbean and Latin America, a study found. The figure includes children. Lower back pain also accounts for a third of all work-related ...