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US Authorities Reveal One in 68 Kids Has Autism

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US health authorities have revealed that one in 68 children has autism, a 30 percent rise over the last estimate released in 2012. The latest US data from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention show that the "proportion of children with autism and higher IQ (is) on the rise," said a CDC statement. Previously, as many as one in 88 US children were known to have autism spectrum disorder, or ASD, a developmental disorder that recent research suggests ...

Gender Differences Noted in Response of Heart to Exercise

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Research to be presented at the American College of Cardiology's 63rd Annual Scientific Session says that the formula for peak exercise heart rate that doctors have used for decades in tests to diagnose heart conditions may be flawed because it does not account for differences between men and women. The simple formula of "220 minus age" has been widely used to calculate the maximum number of heart beats per minute a person can achieve. Many people use it to derive ...

Research Suggests Marathon Training Could Help the Heart

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Research to be presented at the American College of Cardiology's 63rd Annual Scientific Session says that marathon training is associated with improved risk factors related to cardiovascular disease among middle-aged recreational male runners. This finding suggests that race preparation may be an effective strategy for reducing heart disease risk. Over the last decade, marathon participation has risen steadily among middle-aged people seeking the reported health ...

Neurons Where Select Memories Grow Mapped by Scripps Florida Scientists

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Changes in memories take place in multiple parts of the insect brain in the common fruit fly. Scientists from the Florida campus of The Scripps Research Institute (TSRI) have been able to pinpoint a handful of neurons where certain types of memory formation occur, a mapping feat that one day could help scientists predict disease-damaged neurons in humans with the same specificity. "What we found is that while a lot of the neurons will respond to sensory ...

Kittens can Transmit Tuberculosis Bacteria

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Feline-human disease transmission was documented in two people in Britain. Two other cat owners have been infected with a dormant form of bovine TB, said a Daily Mail report. The infection was passed to each of the patients during an unprecedented outbreak of the disease among cats in Newbury, Berkshire. "These are the first documented cases of cat-to-human transmission," Dilys Morgan of Public Health England was quoted as saying. ...

Private Health Insurance Offered to Employers by Regions Insurance

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Exchange will help companies connect employees with a variety of coverage options. Birmingham - USA, Regions insurance announced that the company was offering 4 states access to private insurance so that companies can manage benefits while offering a variety of options for their employees. "The health insurance market is changing. There are many complexities and new requirements that employers must follow," said Curren Coco, CEO of Regions Insurance. "By offering ...

Scientists Discover New Parkinson's Disease Chemical Messenger

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Scientists at the Medical Research Council (MRC) Protein Phosphorylation and Ubiquitylation Unit at the University of Dundee have discovered a novel chemical messenger that is critical in protecting the brain against Parkinson's disease. The research team led by Dr Miratul Muqit had previously discovered that mutations in two genes - called PINK1 and Parkin - lead to Parkinson's. Now they have made a completely unexpected discovery about the ...

Female College Students Confess That They Watch Porn

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There is a confirmed report that female college students too, watch porn films. Jamie Pizzi, columnist at the Rollins College Sandspur said that as women have louder voices now, porn should be something they too can appreciate. She said that she knows tons of her friends who watch porn and many women aren't into the kind of porn that's currently out there. Pizzi added that its going to take more women coming out there and saying they watch ...

Incidence and Impact of Stent Thrombosis During PCI Reduced With Anti-Clotting Agent

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The incidence and impact of stent thrombosis in patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) has been examined in a new angiographic analysis of the CHAMPION PHOENIX trial. Results of the study were released today and will be presented March 30 at the American College of Cardiology 63rd Annual Scientific Session. CHAMPION PHOENIX was a prospective, double-blind, active-controlled trial which randomized 11,145 patients to receive intravenous cangrelor ...

Culture of Professionalism Instituted

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There is a growing recognition that an increase in medical errors and adverse events and deterioration in safe working conditions can occur in health care institutions where professionalism is not embraced and expectations of acceptable behaviours are not clear and enforced. In 2008 Brigham and Women's Hospital (BWH) created the Center for Professionalism and Peer Support (CPPS) and has seen tremendous success in this initiative. Researchers recently analyzed data from the ...

Subset of Bariatric Surgery Patients Show Exaggerated Insulin Response, Cause Identified

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The altered islet cell function and reduced insulin clearance contribute to excessive post-meal insulin response in patients experiencing low blood sugar symptoms (hypoglycemia) following gastric bypass surgery, says study at the University of Cincinati. These findings, led by Marzieh Salehi, MD, associate professor in the UC division of endocrinology, metabolism and diabetes, are featured online this month in iThe Journal of Clinical Endocrinology (and) Metabolism/i, ...

Chronic Stress in Early Life Causes Anxiety, Agression in Adulthood, Find Neurobiologists

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The meaning and significance of plethora of independently conducted experiments seeking to establish the impact of chronic, early-life stress upon behaviour - both at the time that stress is experienced, and upon the same individuals later in life, during adulthood, has been a topic of debate in the recent years for the behavioural neuroscientists. These experiments, typically conducted in rodents, have on the one hand clearly indicated a link between certain kinds ...

Chronic Pain Sufferers can Benefit from Sleep to Avoid Becoming 'Zombies'

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Improving the quality of sleep in chronic pain sufferers can help them to keep physically active, suggests a new research. The study by the University of Warwick's Department of Psychology, published in PLoS One, found that sleep was a worthy target for treating chronic pain and not only as an answer to pain-related insomnia. "Engaging in physical activity is a key treatment process in pain management. Very often, clinicians would prescribe exercise ...

Canada's Northern and Remote Aboriginal Communities Face the Challenge of Food Insecurity

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Food insecurity among northern Aboriginal peoples requires urgent attention to mitigate impacts on health and well-being, reported a new expert panel on food security in Northern Canada. Aboriginal Food Security in Northern Canada: An Assessment of the State of Knowledge, released today by the Council of Canadian Academies, addresses the diversity of experience that northern First Nations, Inuit, and Metis households and communities have with food insecurity. Aboriginal ...

India and Other Asian Nations Certified as Polio Free by WHO

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India and 10 other Asian countries were officially certified by the World Health Organization to be free of polio on Thursday, a milestone lauded as a "momentous victory" over an ancient scourge. The Southeast Asian region, which includes India but excludes Afghanistan and Pakistan, was certified by a panel of experts after the countries went three years without reporting a single new case. The WHO said the certification meant 80 percent of the world's ...

Healthcare and Workforce Face the Major Problem of Gen X Obesity

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If current trends continue, poor health will be found more in Australia's Generation X than the Baby Boomers, including rates of obesity and diabetes, with huge implications for healthcare and the workforce, confirmed by researchers at the University of Adelaide. In a paper published in the online journal iPLOS ONE/i, University of Adelaide researchers compared the health status of Baby Boomers (born from 1946-1965) and Generation X (1966-1980) at the same age ...

Treatment of Vascular Depression With Kaixin Jieyu Fang

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The use of Kaixin Jieyu to treat vascular depression is known to be useful, but the underlying mechanism remains unclear. Dr. Ying Zhang and co-workers from Guang'anmen Hospital, China Academy of Chinese Medical Sciences in China This study established a rat model of chronic cerebral ischemia-caused white matter damage by ligation of the bilateral common carotid arteries. Rats received daily intragastric administration of a suspension of Kaixin Jieyu Fang powder. Kaixin ...

Survival of Deer Calves Linked With Hormone Levels: Study

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Survival prospects of newborn is dependent on the levels of a key hormone in the blood, suggests a study of wild deer. First-born male deer that have relatively high levels of the male hormone testosterone are less likely to survive their first year compared with their peers, the research shows. Scientists say their findings suggest that high testosterone levels represent a risk to newborns which, when coupled with a new mother's inexperience, lowers ...

Dietary Guidelines for Choline may be Different for Each Individual

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What is considered to be the "right" amount of the essential nutrient choline, may differ among individuals depending on various factors. That's because scientists have found that the "right" amount of choline needed by an individual is influenced by a wide range of factors, including gender, life stage, race and ethnicity of the individual. This means that using the current one-size-fits-all approach to determining a person's vitamin and mineral needs may leave them in less ...

Hospital Infections Kill 200 Daily in US: Study

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In the United States, healthcare-associated infections kill 75,000 patients per year, say authorities. Many bacterial infections -- which can lead to serious complications from pneumonia and illnesses of the intestinal tract -- could be prevented if healthcare workers practiced common hygiene, said the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. "Although there has been some progress, today and every day more than 200 Americans with healthcare-associated ...

Magnesium Rich Foods - Slideshow

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Magnesium, an overlooked but vital mineral, forms an important part of the balanced diet. Here's a slideshow of top 10 magnesium foods.

Mediterranean Diet may Cut Diabetes Risk

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Among people at high risk for cardiovascular disease, Mediterranean diet is linked to a reduced risk of diabetes, reveals study. Data from the first pooled analysis of studies evaluating the possible role of the Mediterranean diet on diabetes development show that adherence to this diet was associated with a 21 percent reduced risk of diabetes as compared to the control dietary groups. This reduced risk was even more pronounced among people at high risk for ...

Risk of Heart Disease and Death Reduced With Ban on Smoking

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The impact of Michigan's statewide smoking ban and policies prohibiting tobacco smoking in workplaces and public spaces is that it may substantially improve public health by reducing heart disease and death, says a new research to be presented at the American College of Cardiology's 63rd Annual Scientific Session. Studies on previous indoor smoking bans have consistently shown a major decrease in hospital admissions for heart attacks after smoke-free laws went into ...

Arguments Not in Favor of Subsidies Find a Foothold

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The United States Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia Circuit, where 2 of the three judges agreed to the argument that people who bought health insurance on the federal marketplace should not avail tax subsidies. The White House faced a seriously legal challenge to The Affordable Care Act. Plaintiffs in the case state that according to the law, only people buying insurance established through the state were eligible for tax subsidies and not for those ...

Mom's Insulin Resistance Linked to Child's Obesity and Diabetes Risks

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Researchers have found that a pregnant woman's insulin resistance is linked to foetal brain response which decides about the unborn child's obesity and diabetes risks. Researchers at University of Tubingen in Germany and the German Center for Diabetes Research studied 13 healthy pregnant women who were given oral glucose tolerance test. Along with the women's insulin sensitivity, researchers also recorded brain responses of the foetus with the help of magnetoencephalographic ...

Missing Hormone - Leptin Found in Birds

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How can the Arctic tern, a sea bird, fly more than 128,000 km in its round-trip from north pole to south pole? Or how does the emperor penguin incubate eggs for months during the Antarctic winter without eating? These physiological gymnastics would usually be influenced by leptin, the hormone that regulates body fat storage, metabolism and appetite. However, leptin has gone missing in birds - until now. Researchers from Ohio-based ...

Potential Target for Treating Mitochondrial Disorders Discovered

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Scientists have discovered how to rescue cells suffering from mitochondrial dysfunction. This finding may pave way to new treatments for this condition. Mitochondria, long known as "cellular power plants" for their generation of the key energy source adenosine triphosphate (ATP), are essential for proper cellular functions. Mitochondrial defects are often observed in a variety of diseases, including cancer, Alzheimer's disease, and Parkinson's disease, and are ...

How the Brain Infers Structure, Rules When Learning Explained

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Many tasks have a context that dictates the right action and helps people infer cues of context and rules when they are trying to learn something new. In a new study, Brown University brain scientists took advantage of that tendency to track the emergence of such rule structures in the frontal cortex - even when such structure was not necessary or even helpful to learn - and to predict from EEG readings how people would apply them to learn new tasks speedily. Context ...

Beer Marinade Could Cut Down Levels of Harmful Substances in Grilled Meats

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Beer, when used as a marinade, could help reduce the formation of harmful substances in grilled meats, a new study revealed. I.M.P.L.V.O. Ferreira and colleagues explain that past studies have shown an association between consumption of grilled meats and a high incidence of colorectal cancer. Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) are substances that can form when meats are cooked at very high temperatures, like on a backyard grill. And high levels of ...

US Lawmakers Face Issues With Indian-American Physicians

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US lawmakers are being pressed by an influential body of Indian-American physicians on issues to continue to provide healthcare patients in a sustainable way. Other issues raised by members of the Association of American Physicians of Indian Origin (AAPI) at its legislative day reception Wednesday on the Capitol Hill, seat of US Congress, included immigration reform, implementation of Affordable Care Act and growing US-India relations. Attended by nearly ...

New DNA Sequencing Method to Help Breast Cancer Patients

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Breast cancer patients can now expect improved care thanks to faster and cheaper DNA sequencing techiques. Those are among the conclusions of a study published recently in the emBJS/em (emBritish Journal of Surgery/em). The findings provide insights into how genetic advances will soon be affecting patient care. When a woman is diagnosed with breast cancer, it's important to know as much about her tumour as possible to determine the best treatment. Most cases ...

Heart Attacks, Strokes Common at 6.30 A.m.

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Researchers have now found why heart attacks and strokes are more common in the morning. The levels of a protein in people's blood that slows the breakdown of clots peaks exactly at 6.30 a.m., the researchers from Boston-based Brigham and Women's Hospital and Oregon Health and Science University have said. "Our research suggests that the circadian system, or the internal body clock, contributes to the increased risk for cardiovascular events in the morning," ...

Australian Docs Find Painless Method to Detect Prostate Cancer

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Australian doctors have found a new way to detect prostate cancer and now men will not have to get painful needles pierced in their rectum in order to find out about the presence of the disease. The study conducted by urologist Dr Les Thompson and radiographer Dr Rob Parkinson and supported by Queensland's Wesley Research Institute used an MRI scanner to detect affected areas in the prostate. After targeting the area, a needle took a tiny tissue sample to ...

Air Pollution from Traffic Linked to Asthma Among White Children

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A new study found how white children were more likely to be admitted to the hospital due to asthma after a higher exposure to traffic related air pollution. The study shows that white children exposed to high levels of TRAP are three times more likely to be readmitted for asthma than white children with low TRAP exposure. Levels of TRAP exposure were not associated with increased risk of readmission of black children, despite their having overall higher rates of ...

Italy Residents Receive Contaminated Water from an Illegal Toxic Dump

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For over a few years, water contaminated from an illegal toxic dump is being distributed to the residents of a large area in central Italy. "The contaminated water was distributed over a vast territory and to about 700,000 people, without control and even to hospitals and schools," Xinhua quoted the ISS as saying. The report underlined that the quality of water in the massive dumpsite, that was found in a chemical industrial area near the city of Pescara, ...

Gene Mutation in Drosophila Produces Epilepsy Syndrome

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Mutations in the prickle gene in Drosophila could be responsible for more than just altering the bristles on the fly's body that point them to the wrong direction. Prompted by a colleague's finding that PRICKLE gene mutations were responsible for triggering a form of epilepsy in humans, John Manak, Ph.D., who led the fly research team, took a closer look at the iDrosophila/i prickle mutants. (PRICKLE refers to the human gene, while prickle is the iDrosophila/i ...

Aortic Valve Replacement Safe, may Prolong Survival

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Surgical replacement of the aortic valve is thought to improve patient's symptoms and may prolong survival. However, the perceived risk of surgical aortic valve replacement in patients over 80 may result in surgery being denied or a recommendation for alternative therapy. Investigators at the Mayo Clinic challenge the way these patients have been managed. They report that repeat sternotomy in patients over 80 who have previously had coronary bypass graft surgery can be done with ...