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Dementia and Alzheimer's in Adults Cured With Man-Made 'Insulin' Nasal Spray

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Mad-made insulin that is used via a nasal spray, is thought to have potential in treatment of adults who suffer from dementia and Alzheimer's. According to a pilot study, conducted on 60 adults by researchers at Wake Forest Baptist Medical Center, the spray may improve working memory and other mental capabilities in the patients. The study's subjects were diagnosed with amnesic mild cognitive impairment (MCI) or mild to moderate Alzheimer's dementia ...

Emission-Free Cars That are Affordable, Possible in Near Future

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Finding the best possible way to develop an affordable emissions-free car is the aim of the researchers. A University of Delaware research team has been considering the important question of what it will take to create an affordable emissions-free car. Hydrogen fuel cells may be the best option for powering zero-emission vehicles: Toyota has just introduced a hydrogen-powered car in Japan and will make them available in the United States in 2015. But ...

WHO Approves Use of Meningitis Vaccine in African Infants

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The World Health Organization (WHO) has approved administration of meningitis vaccine, which does not have to be stored in fridges or iceboxes, to babies across Africa. The MenAfriVac has received thumbs up for use in mass immunization programs under the Meningitis Vaccine Project (MVP). WHO's approval means the vaccine meets international safety and quality standards and can be safely used in children under a year old. It also paves way for UN agencies to purchase ...

PM Narendra Modi Appreciates Zee, Axis Bank for Taking Up Cleanliness Drive

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Prime Minister Narendra Modi appreciated the efforts of Zee family and Axis Bank for their initiative in taking the 'Swach Bharat Abhiyan' forward. PM Modi took to twitter for appreciating their efforts. He tweeted, "Glad to see the #ZEE Family across India engaged in the #SwachBharat initiatives! @narendramodi @PMOIndia. I appreciate the determined effort by @AxisBank towards a Clean India. This effort can inspire several others. #MyCleanIndia." The ...

Intestines Grown With Tissue-engineering

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A functional tissue-engineered intestine from human cells has been grown by researchers recently. Researchers at Children's Hospital Los Angeles have shown that tissue-engineered small intestine grown from human cells replicates key aspects of a functioning human intestine. The tissue-engineered small intestine they developed contains important elements of the mucosal lining and support structures, including the ability to absorb sugars, and even tiny ...

Cold Wave Continues to Throw Life Out of Gear Across North India

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Severe cold and foggy conditions continues to prevail in most parts of North India, throwing normal life out of gear. With the visibility on Friday having reduced to 500 meters, the road, rail and air traffic being disrupted. The minimum temperature in the national capital New Delhi early morning was at 7 degree Celsius, one notch below the normal. Northern Railway confirmed that 52 trains were running late, while two trains have been rescheduled. In ...

Jobs Affecting Chances of Getting Married and Divorced

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The chances of getting married or divorced can be seriously influenced by the profession you are in, says a new study. The US Census statistics gathered by Businessweek looked at data charts of marriage and divorce rates in the US across occupations since 1950, and found that while dentistry at 81 percent has the highest rate of people who are married, person with the job of a paper-hanger was more likely to be divorced, the Mirror reported. It was found ...

Kid's Academic Performance Affected by Quality of Sleep

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Quality of sleep in school-aged kids is linked to better performance in mathematics, languages and other future academic success, reveals a new study. The study led by McGill University and the Douglas Mental Health University Institute examined habitual sleep patterns of 75 healthy children 7-11 years of age for 5 nights with a wristwatch-like device, and correlated this with their report-card grades. The research found that with greater sleep efficiency, ...

People Become Perfect With Practise

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A new study has shown the way tasks are learned and also that one can learn two different skills at a time or learn a single skill at a faster pace. The research conducted at University of Cambridge and the University of Plymouth found that the particular motor memory which is active and modifiable in the brain at any given time depends on both lead-in and follow-through movement, and that skills which may otherwise interfere can be learned at the same time if ...

Respiratory Syncytial Virus and Bacterial Pneumonia Share a Link

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The uncertainty of bacterial infections following respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) paved way for a study to determine the association between pneumococcal diseases and RSV. The changes in pneumococcal disease following the introduction of seven-valent pneumococcal conjugate vaccine (PCV7) were associated with changes in the rate of hospitalizations coded as RSV was examined. The study used aggregated hospitalization data from 700,000 RSV hospitalizations ...

Do's and Don'ts of Natural Treatments for Burns

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Emergency care is crucial to the outcome when treating burns, which is why it is important to understand and recognize home remedies for burns that work and which ones do not.

In-vitrofertilization Has Negligible Cases of Complications

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Assisted Reproductive Technology (ART) includes procedures in which egg and sperm are both handled, as in in-vitro fertilization. A new analysis done in the U.S. reveals that complications from fertility treatments involving implantation of fresh embryos are uncommon, at least for the first few months of a cycle. The study used data from the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention National ART Surveillance System between 2000 and 2011 and the ...

Health Benefits of Cucumber

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The health benefits of cucumber are understated but plentiful. Find out how adding cucumber to your daily diet can go such a long way to helping you get healthy.

Training Monkeys to Recognize Themselves in Mirrors

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Rhesus monkeys don't realize that when they look in a mirror, they are seeing their own face, but a new study has demonstrated that the monkeys can learn to recognize themselves in mirrors. Neng Gong of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, said that their findings suggest that the monkey brain has the basic "hardware" for mirror self-recognition, but they need appropriate training to acquire the "software" to achieve self-recognition. In earlier studies, ...

'Make in India' and Scientific Research Will Go Hand In Hand

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Dr.Harsh Vardhan, Minister for Science (and) Technology (S (and) T) has said that scientific research in the country should be capable to provide resources for 'MAKE IN INDIA' to be possible in the near future. He added that he is optimistic that all scientists of Indian origin would respond positively to Narendra Modi government's invitation to participate and bring an S (and) T based industrial renaissance in our country. He said the focus of the present government ...

Anxiety-Related Insomnia Induced by Terrorism can Cause 'Job Stress'

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Anxiety-related insomnia that is induced by terrorism depletes vital resources, and leads to increased incidence of job burnout over time, reveals a new study. A new Tel Aviv University study has addressed for the first time the direct link between terrorism and increased incidence of job burnout over time. Lead researcher Dr. Sharon Toker of TAU's Faculty of Management, in collaboration with Dr. Gregory A. Laurence of the University of Michigan and Dr. Yitzhak ...

Anger Considered a Sign of Good Health in Some Cultures

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In some cultures, anger could actually be linked with better, and not worse health, a new study reveals. Psychological scientist Shinobu Kitayama of the University of Michigan said that many of the people in Western societies naively believe that anger is bad for health, and beliefs like these appear to be bolstered by recent scientific findings and the study suggests that the truism linking anger to ill health may be valid only within the cultural boundary of ...

Risk Of Outcomes Ruled-Out For Measles Vaccines

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Seizure, fever, and immune thrombocytopenia purpura (ITP) are the types of adverse events associated with vaccines for measles. An investigation was done to check whether the measles-mumps-rubella-varicella (MMRV) is riskier than the separate measles-mumps-rubella (MMR) and varicella (MMR + V) and if it elevates the risk for additional safety outcomes. Study children were aged 12 to 23 months in the Vaccine Safety Datalink from 2000 to 2012. The number ...

Drug to Treat Lung Infections in Cyctic Fibrosis Failed

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KaloBios Pharmaceuticals Inc failed in a mid-stage study and put a pause to the development of its drug for lung infections in cystic fibrosis patients. KB001-A, was the drug developed to delay worsening respiratory tract symptoms and reduce the extent of intake of antibiotics in patients with cystic fibrosis. Cystic fibrosis also known as mucoviscidosis, is an autosomal recessive genetic disorder that affects mostly the lungs but also the pancreas, ...

Brominated Vegetable Oil (BVO)

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Brominated Vegetable Oil (BVO) is a chemical product derived from vegetable oil. Although it poses several health risks, the chemical was included in several popular aerated drinks creating a possible public health crisis.

New Clues for Detecting and Treating HIV

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Scientists from Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine in Baltimore, Maryland, have found important clues about how the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) manages to skirt detection after being suppressed by antiretroviral drugs. The HIV which causes AIDS hides away in memory CD4 T cells, a component of the immune system, after the infection is rolled back by antiretroviral drugs. The sleeping virus can harbor mutations which, like an invisibility cloak, help ...

Screening for Cancer is Effective on Repeat Participation

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A recent study investigated predictors of repeat participation in the NHS Bowel Cancer Screening Programme (BCSP). Most types of population-based cancer screening require repeat participation to be effective. Guaiac fecal occult blood test (gFOBt) was performed as a biennial colorectal cancer-screening test in the BCSP in England for the age group of 60-74 years. A total of 62,081 participants were aged 60-64 years at the time of the first invitation ...

Cloth Made of Nanowires for Personal Thermal Management

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A recent study conducted by the scientists from the Stanford University has engineered a special cloth material made of nanowires. According to the researchers, heating consumes large amounts of energy and is a primary source of greenhouse gas emission, which ultimately leads to global warming. They explained that although energy-efficient buildings are developing quickly based on improving insulation and design, a large portion of energy continues to be wasted ...

Antibiotics That can Grow Nearly Half of All Soil Bacteria

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A new antibiotic that has the potential to grow nearly half of all soil bacteria has been proven as a breakthrough by US scientists. The researchers conducted by Northeastern University in Boston, Massachusetts created a "subterranean hotel" for bacteria and one bacterium was placed in each room and the whole device was buried in soil, the BBC reported. The lead scientist, Prof Kim Lewis, said that so far 25 new antibiotics have been discovered using ...

Guidelines of American Cancer Society can Help Reduce Cancer Risk: Study

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Following cancer prevention guidelines from the American Cancer Society may modestly reduce the overall risk of developing cancer, reveals a new study. The cancer prevention guidelines seem to have a greater impact on reducing your overall risk of dying. The guidelines recommended that people avoid smoking, achieve and maintain a healthy weight throughout life, be physically active, and eat a healthy diet emphasizing plant foods. The observational study, ...

Potential New Treatment For Hair Growth

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Scientists from the Laboratory of Dairy Food Science, Hokkaido UniversityPropolis are working on a possible use of propolis, a natural honeybee hive product that is formed from resinous plant substances and honeybee secretions. propolis is used by Honeybees as a physical sealant for small, unwanted gaps in the hive that result from its waxy nature. It was found that Propolis was used by the ancient people for its antibacterial properties that inhibit fungal and bacterial growth. ...

New Technology for Improving Sleep Quality

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This week's Consumer Electronics Show (CES) in Las Vegas saw new gadgets that can offer a number of solutions to a problem faced by many- a lack of sleep, or what experts call a lack of quality sleep that allows you to feel refreshed. Some of the new devices displayed at the CES monitor nocturnal activity to get a better handle on the issue, while others offer aid through techniques such as light and sound. California-based A (and) D Medical provides an app that monitors ...

Warning About 'Imminent Crash' Given Out by Cycle Helmets

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A new prototype helmet has been developed for cyclists that can warn them about an "imminent crash". The helmet, developed by Volvo, warns a vehicle when it goes too close to a cyclist. The helmet also lets them know if they are in a vehicle's blind spot so they can take action to avoid a collision, the BBC reported. The helmet works with popular smartphone fitness monitoring apps that track the location and speed of a cyclist. This information was shared with any ...

WHO Misses Treatment, Burial Targets in Ebola Countries

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The World Health Organization (WHO) has reported that although the West African countries have made great strides to stem the spread of the deadly Ebola virus, they have missed the key January 1 targets towards halting the epidemic. On October 1, 2014, the United Nations set a 90-day target to isolate and treat all Ebola patients in Guinea, Sierra Leone and Liberia, and to ensure safe burials for all bodies, which are highly infectious. WHO in its latest situation ...

Ignoring Distractions While Concentrating: How Brain Works

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A network of neurons in a particular area of the brain, the lateral prefrontal cortex interact with one another to promptly filter visual information while at the same time ignore distractions. Scientists have convincingly identified such a network of neurons. The researchers recorded brain activity in macaques as they moved their eyes to look at objects being displayed on a computer screen while ignoring visual distractions. These recorded signals were then input ...

Nutrition may Not be Considered by People Who Watch 'Too Much TV'

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Nutrition was valued less by people who watch excessive amounts of TV and they are likely to eat more, revealed a new study recently. According to a University of Houston (UH) researcher, all of those hours in front of the television may lead to increased snacking. A "fatalistic view toward eating well" and "nutritional knowledge" are two of the measurements professor Temple Northup included in a cross-sectional survey of 591 participants. He also included ...

Nanowire Coating on Clothes to Help Keep Warm in Winter

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A new nanowire coating that can be used on clothes has been recently developed by scientists. It has the ability to keep human body warm without heating any other things around. It can both generate heat and trap the heat from our bodies better than regular clothes. Yi Cui and colleagues note that nearly half of global energy consumption goes toward heating buildings and homes. But this comfort comes with a considerable environmental cost; it's responsible for up ...

Solution for Sensitive Teeth Using a New Paste - New Research

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Sensitive tooth is a major problem among many dental patients and most common reason to pay a visit to one's dentist. Eating anything might cause people with tooth sensitivity a jolt of pain. In an attempt to deal with this persistent issue of the mass, the scientists from Taiwan, Mr. Chun-Pin Lin and colleagues are working on a project to develop a new biomaterial that can potentially rebuild worn enamel and reduce tooth sensitivity for an extended period. The material has ...

Farr's Law Forecast Drug Overdose Mortality in the United States

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In the past two decades unintentional drug overdose has increased markedly and surpassed motor vehicle crashes as the leading cause of injury mortality in many states. A recent study was done to understand the route of the drug overdose epidemic in the United States by applying Farr's Law. Farr's "law of epidemics" and the Bregman-Langmuir back calculation method were applied to United States drug overdose mortality data for the years 1980 through 2011 ...